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IAI Harop (Harpy)

Israel (2005)
Picture of IAI Harop (Harpy) Expendable Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV)
Picture of IAI Harop (Harpy) Expendable Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV)

The IAI Harop is a disposable half-UAV, half-missile drone system with inherent surveillance capabilities.


Detailing the development and operational history of the IAI Harop (Harpy) Expendable Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV).  Entry last updated on 5/21/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Very few military-related fields are advancing as quickly as unmanned systems - Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) typically referred in mass media as "drones". Dedicated attack forms have also emerged under the Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) classification and now Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has showcased a disposable attack UCAV with inherent surveillance features as part of its general design - the IAI "Harop" ("Harpy").

The Harop is a part-UAV, part-missile development in which the entire aircraft becomes an attack weapon upon spotting a target of opportunity. It is, in essence, a hunting missile driven by a ground-based pilot representative. In this fashion, the Harop is a complete "hunter-killer" UCAV system that can loiter in a given area, survey enemy movements, and hunt for critical targets. Communications and data (including video) are relayed to the ground control operator in real time as in other UAV platforms. Swooping in, Harop then becomes its own strike weapon to which the operator lowers the aircraft into a suspected/indentified enemy target with a primary payload being a 51lb warhead to maximize damage. The Harop is designed with an abort feature that will quickly allow the aircraft to break its engagement diving envelope if need be and return to its scouting role in short order. It is also not restricted to over-land attacks of stationary targets for it can be equally unleashed on moving, ocean-going targets over-water.

Externally, the Harop appears as a sort of science fiction fighter aircraft. Its bulbous nose assembly houses the warhead as well as the optics set under the chin. Canard foreplanes are also featured along the nose section. The fuselage is blended into the wing structure with swept leading edges seen on the primary wing sections. Wing extensions are fitted outboard of the twin vertical tail gins and these appear to sport a near-forward-swept look. A single, conventional engine is seated at the extreme rear-center of the design driving a two-bladed engine in a "pusher" configuration. The aircraft is launched from a prepared container and extends its outboard wing sections upon launch.

Characteristics include a length of 8 feet, 2 inches and wingspan of 9 feet, 10 inches. Range is said to be in the 1,000 kilometer range or up to six hours of flight time, providing a good reach or loitering window for the operator.

To date, the Harop has been exported to a handful of Asian countries though a Ukrainian sale was abandoned due to political pressure from Russia during its war with its neighbor and former Soviet client state.

Any available statistics for the IAI Harop (Harpy) Expendable Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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City-to-City Ranges
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  NYC
Graph showcases the IAI Harop (Harpy)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
60
60


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Israel
Year: 2005
Type: Expendable Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV)
Manufacturer(s): Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) - Israel
Production: 60
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Azerbaijan; Israel; Kazakhstan; Turkey; Uzbekistan
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the IAI Harop (Harpy) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
0


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
8.20 ft


Meters
2.5 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
9.84 ft


Meters
3 m

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Conventional engine driving a two-bladed propeller in a "pusher" configuration.

Performance
RANGE


Miles
621 mi


Kilometers
1,000 km


Nautical Miles
540 nm

Supported Weapon Systems:

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

51lb Warhead Payload.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Harop (Harpy) - Base Series Designation