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Kawasaki C-2

Japan (2017)
Picture of Kawasaki C-2 Tactical Military Transport Aircraft
Picture of Kawasaki C-2 Tactical Military Transport Aircraft

With a first-flight in 2010, setbacks have delayed the service entry of the promising Kawasaki C-2 military transport.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Kawasaki C-2 Tactical Military Transport Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 7/12/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

With the need to modernize into an independent fighting force (apart from reliance on the United States) and keep in step with developments emerging from China, the Japanese military is eyeing success with its in-development Kawasaki "C-2" series twin-engine transport. The aircraft was born from a Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) requirement calling for a new, high-wing transport to replace its stock of propeller-driven 1950s-era Lockheed C-130 "Hercules" models and 1970s'era Kawasaki "C-1" jet-powered transport line. Reviewing several possible foreign-originated replacements ultimately left authorities with the decision to go the indigenous route and the C-X program was begun headed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries.

Development begat the intended product with its modern swept-back high-wings, deep fuselage, and traditional "T-style" tail unit. The flight deck sits behind a blunt nose cone assembly while the tubular fuselage is of a stout, wide design. The multi-wheeled main undercarriage legs sit under bulges in the lower regions of the fuselage with the wing mainplanes seated at the top of the aircraft. Each wing contains an underslung engine nacelle as well as a network of flaps and other required surface controls. The empennage is characterized by the high-mounted horizontal planes emerging from the sole vertical tail fin. A powered cargo bay door is seated at the base of the tail section for access to the hold when loading/unloading goods. The typical crew arrangement is to feature three made up of two pilots and a loadmaster. The hold is cleared to carry infantry (including paratroopers), special missions equipment, up to eight cargo pallets, or a Sikorsky UH-60J (or similar) medium-lift helicopter. Empty weight is listed at 134,000lb with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) nearing 265,000lb.

The high-wing approach grants the C-2 the strong lifting properties required for short-field operations, listed as one of the JASDF original requirements. The service plans to procure up to thirty of the aircraft to help add a tactically-flexible aircraft to its modernizing arsenal.

The aircraft was originally recognized under the "C-X" designation before being changed to the "XC-2". Production forms will take on the plain C-2 designation under the Kawasaki brand label. The C-2 has been developed alongside another Kawasaki product - the "P-X" for the Japanese navy - to help better manage program costs and development phases. This aircraft is intended as a maritime patrol platform for the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) and was introduced in 2013 while seeing at least thirteen airframes built to date (2014). The XC-2 itself has entered its flight testing phase, having recorded a first flight back on January 26th, 2010, though developmental/budgetary issues have pushed back its official service introduction - perhaps coming as soon as 2015 or slightly later.

With power derived from 2 x General Electric CF6-80C2K1F series turbofan engines outputting at 59,740lbf each, the C-2 will sport cruising speeds of around 550 miles per hour, a ferry range of 6,215 miles, and a service ceiling up to 40,000 feet. A commercial passenger-moving/cargo-hauling version is also being planned by Kawasaki for the civilian market.

Any available statistics for the Kawasaki C-2 Tactical Military Transport Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).




  Program Updates  


June 2016 - The first C-2 aircraft was delivered marking the end of some 15 years of development. It was subsequently declared ready-for-service by the Japanese Ministry of Defense.

March 2017 - The Kawasaki C-2 formally began service with the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.

November 2017 - The C-2 was showcased at the Dubai Air Show to potential global customers looking to replace aging model lines such as the Lockheed C-130 Hercules.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (631mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Kawasaki XC-2's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
10
10


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Japan
Year: 2017
Type: Tactical Military Transport Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Kawasaki - Japan
Production: 10
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Japan
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Kawasaki XC-2 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
3


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
144.03 ft


Meters
43.9 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
145.67 ft


Meters
44.4 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
46.59 ft


Meters
14.2 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
134,041 lb


Kilograms
60,800 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
311,734 lb


Kilograms
141,400 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x General Electric CF6-80C2K1F turbofan engines developing 59,740 lb of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
631 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
1,015 kph


Knots
548 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
6,214 mi


Kilometers
10,000 km


Nautical Miles
5,400 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
40,026 ft


Meters
12,200 m


Miles
7.58 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• C-2 - Base Series Designation; initial production models; 30 intended for procurement by the JASDF.
• C-X - Original developmental designator
• XC-2 - Revised developmental designator
• C-2 (Commercial) - Planned civilian-market passenger/cargo mover.