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Messerschmitt Me P.1106

Jet-Powered Fighter-Interceptor Project

Messerschmitt Me P.1106

Jet-Powered Fighter-Interceptor Project

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Messerschmitt Me P.1106 fighter-interceptor was a major rewrite of the originally-proposed P.1101 variable-wing jet fighter.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1944
MANUFACTURER(S): Messerschmitt AG - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Messerschmitt Me P.1106 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 21.88 feet (6.67 meters)
WIDTH: 30.09 feet (9.17 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 5,732 pounds (2,600 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 9,921 pounds (4,500 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Heinkel HeS 011 turbojet
SPEED (MAX): 615 miles-per-hour (990 kilometers-per-hour; 535 knots)
RANGE: 1,118 miles (1,800 kilometers; 972 nautical miles)
CEILING: 39,370 feet (12,000 meters; 7.46 miles)




ARMAMENT



PROPOSED:
2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in nose
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• P.1106 - Project Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Messerschmitt Me P.1106 Jet-Powered Fighter-Interceptor Project.  Entry last updated on 9/14/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Realizing the limitations of the P.1101 jet-powered, variable-wing fighter design, German engineer Doctor Woldemar Voigt and his team at Messerschmitt AG attempted a major rewrite of the product in an attempt to improve it in several areas. This endeavor was in concert with a new German Air Ministry request for a fighter-interceptor with increased range beyond the 40 or so minutes being witnessed by existing jet-powered fighter types. With the P.1101 design as a starting point, Messerschmitt engineers went to work on a redesign, this becoming the Me P.1106 project which eventually did not see as much progress as its P.1101 company counterpart.

The design team required additional internal volume for fuel storage in the P.1011 so this forced the entire cockpit aft to sit at the base of the tail fin, the emplacement faired into the fin with the pilot seated under a hinged, framed canopy. The variable-wing sweep mechanism of the P.1101 was dropped from the new design for simplicity's sake though the 40-degree swept-back wings were kept. The fuel tank was installed above the existing turbine emplacement with the main wing elements driven through the space between the fuel stores and engine. A "T-style" tail was originally selected and the tricycle undercarriage was carried over from the P.1101 as was its nose-mounted intake opening required to aspirate the turbine engine. The engine nacelle ran under the aircraft's belly to about the midway point of the design. The rearrangement of the cockpit left the P.1106 an awkward-looking shape to say the least when viewed in profile.

Proposed specifications included a wingspan of 21 feet, 10 inches and a length of 30 feet, 2 inches. Maximum speed was in the vicinity of 615 miles per hour with the selected Heinkel HeS 011 turbojet engine to be use - though of course this only proved an estimate and remained highly theoretical.




Proposed armament centered around 2 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons fitted at the nose. This would prove sufficient when going up against both Allied fighters and bombers despite their slower rate-of-fire when compared to machine guns. The 30mm projectile held substantial penetration and destructive power to bring any aircraft down with a few well-placed hits. Ammunition would, of course, be limited due to the size of the individual 30mm shells required and the limited space aboard the P.1106 design.

As the design stood heading into late 1944, the P.1106 had little to recommend it. It was an ugly-looking aircraft that retained some of the same aerodynamic issues encountered with the original P.1101 design but also introduced poor visibility for the pilot. His position well-aft of midships meant that his view was of the long-running fuselage dorsal spine and nose section as well as a good view of the upper surfaces of the wings - this proved fatal for any fighter design where situational awareness was a key quality. Additionally, with the cockpit faired into the tail unit, his view to the rear was equally obstructed.

In one final push to make the P.1106 viable, Voigt and his team attempted to rework the paper design one more time in an effort to possibly salvage it for supersonic research. This would entail a lengthened tail unit to house the proposed 2 x Walther HWK 509A rocket kits taking place of the HeS 011 turbojet. As the rockets did not need to be aspirated like the turbojet, the open nose intake would be faired over in a cone assembly for aerodynamic efficiency. The intended T-tail was to then give way to a "V-tail" arrangement which released the cockpit from integration into the tail section. This would then allow a bubble canopy to replace the original's framed unit for better viewing.

Needless to say, this revision did not proceed as the entire program was ultimately shelved for good.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (615mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Messerschmitt Me P.1106's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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