ATR 72 (Avions de Transport Regional Model 72)
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Operators aplenty as the joint Italian-French ATR 72 has proven a commercial success as a regional airliner for a multitude of operators worldwide.
Detailing the development and operational history of the ATR 72 (Avions de Transport Regional Model 72) Turboprop-Powered Regional Passenger Airliner. Entry last updated on 6/21/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Like the ATR 42, the ATR 72 incorporated a high-wing mainplane arrangement offering strong lifting properties and good short-field operation. A "T-style" tail unit was used and a rounded, slim fuselage brought all of the components together in a single sleek offering. The undercarriage was wheeled and retractable. The engines were slung under the wing mainplanes and installed within streamlined nacelles. First-flight of a prototype was on October 27th, 1988 and service introduction (through Finnair) followed on October 27th, 1989. Over 900 of the type have been produced to date (2017) and several major variants have emerged throughout its run. The design has seen service in both civilian and military sectors, the latter being the Italian Air Force, the Pakistan Navy and the Turkish Navy.
The original form was the ATR 72-100 which incorporated the ATR 72-101 of September 1989 powered by 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PW124B engines and featuring two crew access doors along the fuselage sides. The ATR 72-102 arrived in late-1989 with the same engines but a cargo door fitted at front and a crew door at rear. The ATR 72-200 was offered with PW124B engines of 2,400 horsepower (each). The ATR 72-201 and ATR 72-202 were primary products of the group and both featured increased MTOW because of the engine change. The ATR 72-210 sported a larger cargo door for improved access and a switch was made to PW127 engines of 2,750 horsepower (each). The powerplants gave the aircraft better "hot and high" performance and was fitted to both the ATR 72-211 and ATR 72-212 models of late 1992.
The ATR 72-212A, appearing in early 1997, was offered with a choice of engines - PW127F or PW127M. Each engine turned six-bladed propellers and performance was improved as a result (including MTOW). Additional benefits were added to the cockpit to help streamline operations. The ATR 72-500 was originally showcased as the ATR 72-500. A version with slightly different equipment was seen as the ATR 72-600.
The ATR 72-212A
The ATR 72-212A is crewed by two and seats 70 passengers. Overall length is 89 feet with a wingspan of 88.8 feet and a height of 25 feet. Empty weight is 28,682lb against a MTOW of 50,705lb. Performance includes a cruise speed of 315 mph, a range out to 950 miles and a service ceiling of 25,000 feet. Rate-of-climb is 1,355 feet-per-minute.
The ATR 72 ASW variant was built to serve as a maritime (over water) patrol platform in military spheres. The design was built atop the framework of the ATR 72-212A offering and held provision for various navy-centric armament such as anti-ship missiles, torpedoes and depth charges. Beyond their given submarine-hunting capabilities, the aircraft could also be used in the Search And Rescue (SAR) role when needed.
The ATR 80 was a follow-up model intended to seat more passengers (78). A pair of Allison AE2100 turboprop engines were to power the aircraft. This project did not see much advancement.
The ATR 72 Today
The ATR 72 family continues in active service with various global operators. Its flying has, however, been marred by accidents - the first major one recorded in October of 1994 when an American Eagle flight crashed in Indiana (USA) killing all aboard. More recently, on February 4th, 2015, an ATR 72 operating under the banner of TransAsia Airways crashed into the Keelung River of Taipei - just fifteen of the 58 aboard survived. The devastating accident was caught on camera.
Any available statistics for the ATR 72 (Avions de Transport Regional Model 72) Turboprop-Powered Regional Passenger Airliner are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
March 2017 - The ATR 72MP (72-600) series aircraft was unveiled at the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace (LIMA) exhibition in Langkawi, Malaysia.
February 2018 - Iran Aseman Airlines lost an ATR 72 with sixty-six souls aboard on February 18th, 2018.
Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (317mph).
Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the ATR 72-600's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.