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Gotha Go.244

Twin-Engine Military Transport

Gotha Go.244

Twin-Engine Military Transport

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Gotha Go.244 transport was the powered form of the original Go.242 unpowered glider transport.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1941
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Gotha Waggonfabrik - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 133
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Gotha Go.244 B-1 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 51.84 feet (15.8 meters)
WIDTH: 80.38 feet (24.5 meters)
HEIGHT: 15.42 feet (4.7 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 11,244 pounds (5,100 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 15,785 pounds (7,160 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14M 14-cylinder radial piston engines developing 742 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 180 miles-per-hour (290 kilometers-per-hour; 157 knots)
RANGE: 255 miles (410 kilometers; 221 nautical miles)
CEILING: 27,395 feet (8,350 meters; 5.19 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,100 feet-per-minute (335 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
3 x 7.92mm MG 15 OR MG 81Z machine guns
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Go.244 - Base Series Designation
• Go.244 A-1
• Go.244 B-1
• Go.244 B-3
• Go.244 B-4
• Go.244 B-5


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Gotha Go.244 Twin-Engine Military Transport.  Entry last updated on 2/26/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Gotha Go.244 was based on the original Go.242 glider model of 1941 though now the design had evolved to become a twin-engined, self-powered aircraft with dedicated military transport in mind. The Go.242 proved a useful aircraft in the scope of German airborne assaults though it was essentially a "one-way" aircraft, having to be towed into action by a host which tied additional resources to a given operation. As a self-powered version, the Go.244 alleviated this logistical issue and was able to take-off and land in conventional fashion without requiring anything more than a semi-prepared runway.

At least three Go.242 gliders were pulled from the original 1,528-strong stock to serve in Go.244 development and these were marked as V1, V2 and V3. V1 (also A-1) was outfitted with BMW radial engines of 660 horsepower whileV2 was given use of French Gnome-Rhone radials of 750 horsepower. V3 was granted a pair of Soviet Shvetsov M-25A series radials in turn. While all three engine models showed value, it was decided to outfit the Go.244 line primarily with the French Gnome-Rhone line - simply due to the large stocks captured in the conquer of France.

Initial production models were the Go.244 B-1 and these featured a basic, fixed undercarriage approach. The B-2 followed with a revised undercarriage system that included a semi-retractable nose leg. Twin doors for improved cargo bay access greeted the upcoming infantry-minded B-3. The B-4 was a "combination" design based on the B-2 with the twin-door arrangement of the B-3 model. As with the Go.242 line, the Go.244 saw a dedicated trainer version emerge as the B-5, this with a dual-control cockpit arrangement.




With its engine and fuselage configuration, the Go.244 B-1 was capable of speeds nearing 180 miles per hour though cruising was closer to 170 miles per hour or less. Operational range limited to 255 miles while the aircraft could reach a service ceiling of 27,400 feet. Despite being a transport, the Go.244 was most often times armed for self-defense by way of 3 x 7.92mm MG 15 or MG 81Z series machine guns.

Like the Go.242 before it, the Go.244 was pressed into service as soon as stocks allowed. Many emerged as conversions from existing Go.242 airframes and saw first actions over Greece during March of 1942. Additional service forced them over North Africa and, eventually, over the Eastern Front following the German-led invasion of the Soviet Union.

The Go.245 was a proposed Go.242/244 offshoot in which Argus pulsejets were to be mounted under the wings to provide for additional thrust.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (180mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  PAR
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  BER
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  MSK
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  TKY
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  SYD
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Gotha Go.244 B-1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
133
133

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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Commitments / Honors
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Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
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Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
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* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.