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Junkers Ju 352 (Herkules)

Nazi Germany (1943)
Picture of Junkers Ju 352 (Herkules) Tri-Motor Utility Transport

Some fifty of the Junkers Ju 352 Herkules transports were produced during the fighting of World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Junkers Ju 352 (Herkules) Tri-Motor Utility Transport.  Entry last updated on 1/26/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

While the Junkers Ju 252 had proven itself the expected improvement over the original Ju 52 tri-motor transport, it arrived at a time when the German war effort was in full swing. Restrictions on use of war material meant that only fifteen of the Ju 252 would see the light of day as attention shifted to development of the Ju 352 "Herkules" of similar form and function - though using far less needed war material in its construction.

Design of the Ju 352 came directly from German Air Ministry authorities who understood the value of the preceding Ju 252 but not its total material commitment. Junkers was approached in early 1942 just as the Ju 252 program was picking up steam. Much of the metalworks of the Ju 252 was replaced by wood and the important Junkers Jumo 211F engines were given up for the readily available BMW Bramo 323R radial instead. The wing mainplanes were shifted further aft as the aircraft began to take on something of an all-new appearance when compared to the original Ju 252. The powered rear loading ramp featured in the Ju 252 - which leveled the aircraft fuselage by raising the rear off its tailwheel support - was retained in the Ju 352. Defensive armament would become 1 x MG 151 cannon fitted to a dorsal turret as well as 2 x MG 131 machine guns at beam positions (one unit per window).

First flight of a prototype occurred on August 18th, 1943 and ten pre-production aircraft were ordered and built. This was followed by thirty-three production-quality Ju 352A models until the German attention was off of transport types and onto fighters and more advanced jet-powered aircraft. Just fifty Ju 352s were competed in all. One was built by Letov in the post-war years for the Soviet Union and another operated with the Czech Air Force.

The Ju 352 proved better armed than the proposed Ju 252 but it lacked in performance. Maximum speed was 230 miles per hour with cruising at 150 mph. Comparatively, the Ju 252 demonstrated speeds nearing 275 miles per hour and could cruise in the 210 miles per hour range.

Any available statistics for the Junkers Ju 352 (Herkules) Tri-Motor Utility Transport are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (230mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Junkers Ju 352A (Herkules)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
50
50


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1943
Type: Tri-Motor Utility Transport
Manufacturer(s): Junkers - Nazi Germany
Production: 50
Global Operators:
Czechoslovakia (post-war); Nazi Germany; Soviet Union
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Junkers Ju 352A (Herkules) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
3


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
80.71 ft


Meters
24.6 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
112.20 ft


Meters
34.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
18.83 ft


Meters
5.74 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
27,558 lb


Kilograms
12,500 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
43,211 lb


Kilograms
19,600 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
3 x BMW Bramo 323 R-2 Fafnir 9-cylinder radial piston engines (one in nose and one at each wing) developing 986 horsepower and 1,184 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
230 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
370 kph


Knots
200 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,118 mi


Kilometers
1,800 km


Nautical Miles
972 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
19,685 ft


Meters
6,000 m


Miles
3.73 mi

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

OPTIONAL:
1 x 15mm MG 151 cannon in dorsal turret
2 x 13mm MG 131 heavy machine guns in waist positions.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Ju 352 - Base Series Designation
• Ju 352A - Main production model