Junkers Ju 352 (Herkules)
Nazi Germany (1943)
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Some fifty of the Junkers Ju 352 Herkules transports were produced during the fighting of World War 2.
Detailing the development and operational history of the Junkers Ju 352 (Herkules) Tri-Motor Utility Transport. Entry last updated on 1/26/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Design of the Ju 352 came directly from German Air Ministry authorities who understood the value of the preceding Ju 252 but not its total material commitment. Junkers was approached in early 1942 just as the Ju 252 program was picking up steam. Much of the metalworks of the Ju 252 was replaced by wood and the important Junkers Jumo 211F engines were given up for the readily available BMW Bramo 323R radial instead. The wing mainplanes were shifted further aft as the aircraft began to take on something of an all-new appearance when compared to the original Ju 252. The powered rear loading ramp featured in the Ju 252 - which leveled the aircraft fuselage by raising the rear off its tailwheel support - was retained in the Ju 352. Defensive armament would become 1 x MG 151 cannon fitted to a dorsal turret as well as 2 x MG 131 machine guns at beam positions (one unit per window).
First flight of a prototype occurred on August 18th, 1943 and ten pre-production aircraft were ordered and built. This was followed by thirty-three production-quality Ju 352A models until the German attention was off of transport types and onto fighters and more advanced jet-powered aircraft. Just fifty Ju 352s were competed in all. One was built by Letov in the post-war years for the Soviet Union and another operated with the Czech Air Force.
The Ju 352 proved better armed than the proposed Ju 252 but it lacked in performance. Maximum speed was 230 miles per hour with cruising at 150 mph. Comparatively, the Ju 252 demonstrated speeds nearing 275 miles per hour and could cruise in the 210 miles per hour range.
Any available statistics for the Junkers Ju 352 (Herkules) Tri-Motor Utility Transport are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (230mph).
Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Junkers Ju 352A (Herkules)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.