Military Factory logo

Lockheed L-100 Hercules

United States (1965)
Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft

The Lockheed L-100 became the civilian-minded cargo transport version of the globally-popular C-130 Hercules line.

Detailing the development and operational history of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 8/8/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©

The excellent hauling capabilities and military market success that was the Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport eventually yielded a civilian market form as the L-100 Hercules. Its prototype first flew on April 20th, 1964 to which the aircraft was introduced for civilian airspace operations on September 30th, 1965. The L-100 retains the same form and function of the original C-130 including its excellent handling capabilities and short-field hauling qualities. Production netted 114 aircraft in all with the last built in 1992. The L-100 was recognized by Lockheed as company "Model 382", the production form based on this as the "Model 382B".

Following the original L-100s was the L-100-20 of 1968 which included a fuselage stretch for additional internal volume. The L-100-30 saw a further lengthening of the fuselage that added nearly seven feet. The entire line was then modernized in the LM-100J.

In the L-100-30, the crew numbers three minimum and includes two pilots and a flight engineer. Patload capacity is 51,000lbs with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 155,000lbs. Power is served through 4 x Allison 501-D22A series turboprop engines developing 4,500 horsepower each. Maximum speed is 355 miles per hour with a cruise speed of 335 miles per hour. Round-trip range is 1,535 miles with a ferry range of 5,555 miles out. The aircraft features a service ceiling of 23,000 feet and a rate-of-climb of 1,830 feet per minute.

Picture of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
Picture of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft

Dimensions include a length of 112 feet, 9 inches, a wingspan of 132 feet, 7 inches and a height of 38 feet, 3 inches.

Despite its civilian-minded design, the L-100 was still adopted by the militaries of Algeria, Kuwait, Indonesia, Philippines and Saudi Arabia among others. Despite the military shift towards the much improved C-130J "Super Hercules", the L-100 has not followed suit to date - though a February 2014 report suggests Lockheed will reactivate the initiative soon. This would then produce the L-100J designation.

Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (354mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
Graph showcases the Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.

Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules Specifications
National Flag Graphic
United States
Year: 1965
Type: Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Lockheed - USA
Production: 114
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 3
Length: 112.86 ft (34.4 m)
Width: 131.23 ft (40.00 m)
Height: 38.06 ft (11.60 m)
Empty Weight: 77,713 lb (35,250 kg)
MTOW: 154,985 lb (70,300 kg)

Installed Power
4 x Allison 501-D22A turboprop engines developing 4,510 horsepower each.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 354 mph (570 kph; 308 kts)
Maximum Range: 5,592 mi (9,000 km; 4,860 nm)
Service Ceiling: 22,966 ft (7,000 m; 4.35 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,830 ft/min (558 m/min)


Operators List
Algeria; Argentina; Canada; Ecuador; Gabon; Indonesia; Kuwait; Libya; Peru; Philippines; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; United Arab Emirates; United States

Series Model Variants
• L-100 "Hercules" - Base Series Designation
• L-100 Model 382 - Prototype model of 1964
• L-100 Model 382B - Initial production models
• L-100-20 - Lengthened fuselage; appearing in 1968
• L-100-30 - Lengthened fuselage
• LM-100J "Super Hercules" - Proposed modern variant based on the improved C-130J Super Hercules model.

Images Gallery