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Lockheed L-100 Hercules - United States (1965)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 8/8/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Lockheed L-100 Hercules  
Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft

The Lockheed L-100 became the civilian-minded cargo transport version of the globally-popular C-130 Hercules line.

The excellent hauling capabilities and military market success that was the Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport eventually yielded a civilian market form as the L-100 Hercules. Its prototype first flew on April 20th, 1964 to which the aircraft was introduced for civilian airspace operations on September 30th, 1965. The L-100 retains the same form and function of the original C-130 including its excellent handling capabilities and short-field hauling qualities. Production netted 114 aircraft in all with the last built in 1992. The L-100 was recognized by Lockheed as company "Model 382", the production form based on this as the "Model 382B".

Following the original L-100s was the L-100-20 of 1968 which included a fuselage stretch for additional internal volume. The L-100-30 saw a further lengthening of the fuselage that added nearly seven feet. The entire line was then modernized in the LM-100J.

In the L-100-30, the crew numbers three minimum and includes two pilots and a flight engineer. Patload capacity is 51,000lbs with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 155,000lbs. Power is served through 4 x Allison 501-D22A series turboprop engines developing 4,500 horsepower each. Maximum speed is 355 miles per hour with a cruise speed of 335 miles per hour. Round-trip range is 1,535 miles with a ferry range of 5,555 miles out. The aircraft features a service ceiling of 23,000 feet and a rate-of-climb of 1,830 feet per minute.

Picture of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
Picture of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft

Dimensions include a length of 112 feet, 9 inches, a wingspan of 132 feet, 7 inches and a height of 38 feet, 3 inches.

Despite its civilian-minded design, the L-100 was still adopted by the militaries of Algeria, Kuwait, Indonesia, Philippines and Saudi Arabia among others. Despite the military shift towards the much improved C-130J "Super Hercules", the L-100 has not followed suit to date - though a February 2014 report suggests Lockheed will reactivate the initiative soon. This would then produce the L-100J designation.

Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules Specifications

Service Year: 1965
Type: Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
National Origin: United States
Manufacturer(s): Lockheed - USA
Total Production: 114

Operating Crew, Dimensions and Operating Weights

Operating Crew (Typical): 3
Overall Length: 112.86 feet (34.4 meters)
Overall Width: 131.23 feet (40.00 meters)
Overall Height: 38.06 feet (11.60 meters)

Weight (Empty): 77,713 lb (35,250 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 154,985 lb (70,300 kg)

Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

Engine: 4 x Allison 501-D22A turboprop engines developing 4,510 horsepower each.

Maximum Speed: 354 miles-per-hour (570 kilometers-per-hour; 308 knots)
Maximum Range: 5,592 miles (9,000 kilometers; 4,860 nautical miles)
Service Ceiling: 22,966 feet (7,000 meters; 4.35 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,830 feet-per-minute (558 meters-per-minute)

Armament / Mission Payload


Global Operators (A-to-Z)

Algeria; Argentina; Canada; Ecuador; Gabon; Indonesia; Kuwait; Libya; Peru; Philippines; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; United Arab Emirates; United States

Series Model Variants

L-100 "Hercules" - Base Series Designation
L-100 Model 382 - Prototype model of 1964
L-100 Model 382B - Initial production models
L-100-20 - Lengthened fuselage; appearing in 1968
L-100-30 - Lengthened fuselage
LM-100J "Super Hercules" - Proposed modern variant based on the improved C-130J Super Hercules model.

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