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Lockheed L-100 Hercules

United States (1965)
Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft Picture of Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft

The Lockheed L-100 became the civilian-minded cargo transport version of the globally-popular C-130 Hercules line.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 8/8/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The excellent hauling capabilities and military market success that was the Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport eventually yielded a civilian market form as the L-100 Hercules. Its prototype first flew on April 20th, 1964 to which the aircraft was introduced for civilian airspace operations on September 30th, 1965. The L-100 retains the same form and function of the original C-130 including its excellent handling capabilities and short-field hauling qualities. Production netted 114 aircraft in all with the last built in 1992. The L-100 was recognized by Lockheed as company "Model 382", the production form based on this as the "Model 382B".

Following the original L-100s was the L-100-20 of 1968 which included a fuselage stretch for additional internal volume. The L-100-30 saw a further lengthening of the fuselage that added nearly seven feet. The entire line was then modernized in the LM-100J.

In the L-100-30, the crew numbers three minimum and includes two pilots and a flight engineer. Patload capacity is 51,000lbs with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 155,000lbs. Power is served through 4 x Allison 501-D22A series turboprop engines developing 4,500 horsepower each. Maximum speed is 355 miles per hour with a cruise speed of 335 miles per hour. Round-trip range is 1,535 miles with a ferry range of 5,555 miles out. The aircraft features a service ceiling of 23,000 feet and a rate-of-climb of 1,830 feet per minute.


Picture of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
Picture of the Lockheed L-100 Hercules Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft


Dimensions include a length of 112 feet, 9 inches, a wingspan of 132 feet, 7 inches and a height of 38 feet, 3 inches.

Despite its civilian-minded design, the L-100 was still adopted by the militaries of Algeria, Kuwait, Indonesia, Philippines and Saudi Arabia among others. Despite the military shift towards the much improved C-130J "Super Hercules", the L-100 has not followed suit to date - though a February 2014 report suggests Lockheed will reactivate the initiative soon. This would then produce the L-100J designation.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (354mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
114
114


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules Specifications
National Flag Graphic
United States
Year: 1965
Type: Civilian Cargo Transport Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Lockheed - USA
Production: 114
Supported Mission Types
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
Structural
Crew: 3
Length: 112.86 ft (34.4 m)
Width: 131.23 ft (40.00 m)
Height: 38.06 ft (11.60 m)
Empty Weight: 77,713 lb (35,250 kg)
MTOW: 154,985 lb (70,300 kg)


Installed Power
4 x Allison 501-D22A turboprop engines developing 4,510 horsepower each.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 354 mph (570 kph; 308 kts)
Maximum Range: 5,592 mi (9,000 km; 4,860 nm)
Service Ceiling: 22,966 ft (7,000 m; 4.35 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,830 ft/min (558 m/min)


Armament
None.

Operators List
Algeria; Argentina; Canada; Ecuador; Gabon; Indonesia; Kuwait; Libya; Peru; Philippines; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; United Arab Emirates; United States

Series Model Variants
• L-100 "Hercules" - Base Series Designation
• L-100 Model 382 - Prototype model of 1964
• L-100 Model 382B - Initial production models
• L-100-20 - Lengthened fuselage; appearing in 1968
• L-100-30 - Lengthened fuselage
• LM-100J "Super Hercules" - Proposed modern variant based on the improved C-130J Super Hercules model.


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