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IAI Arava (Willow) - Israel, 1973

Detailing the development and operational history of the IAI Arava (Willow) STOL (Short Take-Off and Landing) Transport Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 6/10/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

Over 100 of the Israeli Arava were produced from 1972 to 1988 and these fielded across multiple foreign air forces.

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IAI Arava (Willow) Specifications

Service Year: 1973
Type: STOL (Short Take-Off and Landing) Transport Aircraft
National Origin: Israel
Manufacturer(s): Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) - Israel
Total Production: 103

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 2
Overall Length: 41.67 feet (12.7 meters)
Overall Width: 68.90 feet (21.00 meters)
Overall Height: 17.06 feet (5.20 meters)

Weight (Empty): 8,818 lb (4,000 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 14,991 lb (6,800 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34 turboprop engines developing 750 horsepower each.

Maximum Speed: 175 knots (202 mph; 325 kph)
Maximum Range: 570 nautical miles (656 miles; 1,055 km)
Service Ceiling: 25,000 feet (7,620 meters; 4.73 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,300 feet-per-minute (396 m/min)

Armament / Mission Payload

None. Hold used for 16 airborne troopers or 24 infantry.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)

Argentina; Bolivia; Cameroon; Colombia; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Haiti; Honduras; Israel; Liberia; Mexico; Nicaragua; Papua New Guinea; Swaziland; Thailand; Venezuela

Model Variants

Arava 101 - Base passenger transport
Arava 102 - Passenger airliner variant
Arava 102B - Transport variant
Arava 201 - Militarized troop transport variant
Arava 202 - Militarized transport with lengthened fuselage and revised wing assemblies.