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SSZ.65

United Kingdom (1918)
Picture of SSZ.65 SSZ-class Maritime Blimp Airship

SSZ 65 represented one of the 77 SSZ-class airships constructed by Britain for World War 1 service.


Detailing the development and operational history of the SSZ.65 SSZ-class Maritime Blimp Airship.  Entry last updated on 10/25/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The "Submarine Scout Zero" ("SSZ") airships were manufactured across seventy-seven examples during World War 1 (1914-1918) beginning in 1916. These were devised as overwater patrol airships and thusly utilized heavily by the Royal Navy as well as the United States Navy (2 examples) and France (2 examples). The vessels took on the typical dirigible shape of the period and, internally, they lacked the rigid structural support network common to German Zeppelins - and therefore nicknamed "blimps". Their lifting properties came from helium gas held within an envelope which conformed to a predefined shape of its material construction.

As with the Zeppelins, the SSZ class showcased a cabin (known as a "car") along the ventral side of the craft and a ventral rudder fin as well as horizontal tailplanes. The air vehicles were manned by a crew of three (seated inline), measured a length of 44 meters, a beam of 12 meters and a height of 14.3 meters. Power was served through a single Rolls-Royce Hawk series engine of 75 horsepower which provided a top speed of 52 miles per hour. The engine was held at the extreme aft of the underslung car nacelle. Defensive armament was minimal, restricted to just 1 x 7.7mm Lewis machine gun on a trainable mount in the forward-most cockpit. Offensively, the airship could stock some 65lbs of conventional drop bombs.

In practice, such vessels could be called upon for maritime reconnaissance, bombing sorties and escort protection as they provided a much-needed "eye-in-the-sky" quality that surface warships lacked. Additionally, airships held inherently long endurance in the air and were, for a time, better alternatives tan shorter-ranged fixed-wing aircraft then in service. While fragile, an airship allowed warplanners a certain level of strategic flexibility that would prove crucial during the height of the war years.

SSZ.65 was part of the SSZ class and was able to survive all of the war through some 254 hours in the air, most of these coming during 1918, the last year of the global conflict. SSZ.65 was eventually removed from service in 1919 during the massive world-wide post-war drawdown.

Any available statistics for the SSZ.65 SSZ-class Maritime Blimp Airship are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (53mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the SSZ.65 (Submarine Scout Zero)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: United Kingdom
Service Year: 1918
Classification Type: SSZ-class Maritime Blimp Airship
Manufacturer(s): Royal Navy Air Service (RNAS) - United Kingdom
Production Units: 1
Global Operators:
France; United Kingdom; United States
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the SSZ.65 (Submarine Scout Zero) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
3


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
143.37 ft


Meters
43.7 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
39.50 ft


Meters
12.04 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
46.98 ft


Meters
14.32 m

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Rolls-Royce Hawk engine in pusher configuration developing 75 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
53 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
85 kph


Knots
46 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
898 mi


Kilometers
1,445 km


Nautical Miles
780 nm

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

STANDARD:
1 x 7.7mm Lewis Machine Gun on trainable mount in forward cockpit.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 65lbs of conventional drop ordnance.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants: Series Model Variants
• SSZ ("Submarine Scout Zero") - Class Designation
• SSZ.65 - Base Series Designation