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Dassault Falcon 20

France (1965)
Picture of Dassault Falcon 20 Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft
Picture of Dassault Falcon 20 Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft Picture of Dassault Falcon 20 Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft
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While no longer actively produced, the Dassault Falcon 20 series still provides a presence in the business world.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Dassault Falcon 20 Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 3/14/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

In 1965, the French concern of Dassault introduced its line of business jets with the Dassault "Falcon 20" (despite its designation, actually preceding the Falcon 10). The product was initially developed under the name of "Mystere 20" and under the Dassault-Breguet brand label. It was powered by 2 x Pratt & Whitney JT12A-8 series turbofan engines and featured a crew of two with seating for up to fourteen. The design incorporated low-mounted, swept-back wings with a tubular fuselage and mid-mounted tailplanes along a singular vertical tail fin. The cockpit was set forward in its traditional place, aft of a short nose cone with good views afforded. The undercarriage was of the tricycle arrangement. Engines were mounted externally and well aft along the sides of the empennage. The initial prototype aircraft went airborne for the first time on May 4th, 1963.

To reach the desired customer base, Dassault entered into talks with American carrier Pan American (PanAm) and from this the decision was made to select the General Electric CF700 turbofan over the original choice of Pratt & Whitney. PanAm then ordered its first 40 aircraft to which the line then received its requisite certification over American airspace in June of 1965. American versions were recognized as "Fan Jet Falcon".

Eventually some 508 total aircraft would be produced from the span of 1963 to 1988. The American forms eventually evolved under the "Falcon 20" name and an improved model emerged as the "Falcon 200" within time. Military operators became Australia, Belgium, Canada (as the CC-117), Egypt, France, Iran, Pakistan, Spain, Syria, the United States, and Venezuela (among others) while civilian operators came to include France, Lebanon, Mexico, the United Kingdom, the United States and South Africa. Federal Express was a primary American operator - purchasing 33 of the type as its first aircraft - and the United States Coast Guard operated the product as the HU-25 "Guardian" in a spotter role.


Picture of the Dassault Falcon 20 Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft
Picture of the Dassault Falcon 20 Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft


Variants to appear after the Mystere 20 prototype were the 20C initial production models, the 20CC model with low-pressure tires, the 20D and 20E variants with uprated General Electric engines, and the longer-ranged 20F. The 20FH served as the prototype to the Falcon 200 model while the 20G was developed for maritime patrolling and outfitted with 2 x Garrett AiResearch ATF3-6-2C engines. The Falcon 20H was the original name for the Falcon 200 line.

U.S. Coast Guard HU-25 platforms have included the original HU-25A from the Falcon 20G (2 x Garrett ATF3-6-2C engines), the HU-25B converted from HU-25A with SLAR (Side-Looking Airborne Radar) equipment, the HU-25C with its Westinghouse APG-66 radar and FLIR (Foward-Looking InfraRed) blister (HU-25A converts), the HU-25C+ with improved tracking and search functionality and the HU-25D with ISAR (Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar) and FLIR - these upgraded from existing HU-25C models.

FedEx's first Falcon 20 - nicknamed "Wendy" - was donated to the Smithsonian Institute in 1983. The aircraft proved critical in establishing the overnight delivery-based business from its Memphis, Tennessee headquarters for its speed, reliability and cargo-hauling capabilities. The aircraft currently resides as a showpiece of the Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. The FedEx version was known as the Falcon Cargo Jet and modified with reinforced floors and a side-fuselage cargo door for the role.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (534mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Dassault Falcon 20F's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
508
508


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Origin: France
Year: 1965
Type: Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Dassault Aviation - France
Production: 508
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Algeria; Angola; Australia; Belgium; Canada; Central African Republic; Chile; Djibouti; Egypt; France; Guinea-Bissau; Iran; Ivory Coast; Jordan; Lebanon; Libya; Mexico; Morocco; Nicaragua; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Panama; Peru; Portugal; South Africa; Spain; Sudan; Syria; Tunisia; United Kingdom; United States; Venezuela
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Dassault Falcon 20F model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
56.27 ft


Meters
17.15 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
53.48 ft


Meters
16.3 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
17.45 ft


Meters
5.32 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
16,535 lb


Kilograms
7,500 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
28,660 lb


Kilograms
13,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x General Electric CF700-2D-2 turbofan engines developing 4,500lbs of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
534 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
860 kph


Knots
464 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
2,082 mi


Kilometers
3,350 km


Nautical Miles
1,809 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
41,995 ft


Meters
12,800 m


Miles
7.95 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Falcon 20 - Base Series Designation
• Mystere 20 - Prototype Designation
• Falcon 20C - Initial production models
• Falcon 20CC - Low-pressure tires
• Falcon 20D - 2 x GE CF700-2D turbofan engines
• Falcon 20E - 2 x GE CF700-2D-2 turbofan engines
• Falcon 20F - Increased fuel capacity
• Falcon 20FH - Prototype of Falcon 200 line
• Falcon 20G - Maritime Patrol Platform
• Falcon 20H - Original designation of Falcon 200 line.
• Falcon 200 - Improved Falcon 20 product; 2 x Garrett AiResearch ATF3-6-2C turbofan engines.
• Falcon ST - French Air Force trainers; 2 examples
• HU-25A Guardian - USCG spotter; 2 x Garrett turbofans; 41 examples.
• HU-25B Guardian - USCG spotter; SLAR equipment
• HU-25C Guardian - USCG spotter; Westinghouse radar; WF-360 FLIR.
• HU-25C+ Guardian - USCG spotter; upgraded HU-25C; AN/APG-66(V)2 radar with FLIR.
• HU-25D Guardian - USCG spotter; upgraded HU-25A; ISAR equipment and FLIR.
• Guardian 2 - Proposed USCG model; never produced
• CC-117 - Canadian military designation for Falcon 20C.
• Fan Jet Falcon - Original American market designation.
• Falcon Cargo Jet - Cargo-minded Falcon 20 for FedEx delivery services.
• Falcon 20C-5 - 2 x Garrett TFE731-5AR-2C or 2 x Garrett TFE31-5BR-2C turbofan engines with other improvements.
• Falcon 20D-5 - 2 x Garrett TFE731-5AR-2C or 2 x Garrett TFE31-5BR-2C turbofan engines with other improvements.
• Falcon 20E-5 - 2 x Garrett TFE731-5AR-2C or 2 x Garrett TFE31-5BR-2C turbofan engines with other improvements.
• Falcon 20F-5 - 2 x Garrett TFE731-5AR-2C or 2 x Garrett TFE31-5BR-2C turbofan engines with other improvements.