×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Global Military Ranks
HOME
AVIATION / AEROSPACE
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
SECRET WEAPONS OF THE LUFTWAFFE
WORLD WAR 2
X-PLANE

Heinkel He P.1078B


Jet-Powered Tailless Fighter / Interceptor / Night Fighter


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

The Heinkel P.1078B project made up the second of three P.1078 jet-powered fighter projects for the Heinkel concern during World War 2.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/14/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The various fighter programs of wartime Germany in World War 2 produced a bevy of fantastical design initiatives. Heinkel developed a line of jet-powered fighters following the P.1078 project designation beginning with the P.1078A, a rather conventionally-arranged development featuring swept-back wings cranked upwards near the wingtips, a nose-mounted intake for aspirating the single jet engine and seating for one a lightly-framed canopy offering good vision. The tail was of a traditional design sporting a single rudder fin and low-set tailplanes. A tricycle undercarriage was fully retractable and powered.

The evolution of the P.1078A became the asymmetrical P.1078B, a tailless concept interceptor utilizing the same 40-degree wing sweep, single engine installation, powered undercarriage and single-seat cockpit. However, this design proved a vast departure from the preceding offering in that it lacked a tail component meaning that no vertical or horizontal tailplanes were fitted. Additionally, the fuselage incorporated a dual-gondola arrangement in which the cockpit was set to a portside gondola protruding from the forward fuselage and a armament (with radar emplacement) was set to a starboard side gondola. This arrangement allowed for a shorter fuselage length to be used. The jet engine would be aspirated through an intake opening located between the two gondolas at the front of the fuselage. One other design feature of note was the nose leg landing gear was situated under the starboard side gondola. Power was to be served through an HeS 011 series turbojet engine while armament was to be 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons. Onboard radar would have allowed the P.1078B to function as a night fighter. Projected performance included a maximum speed of 1,025 kmh (637 mph).


At the outset of P.1078B design, the aircraft was intended as an all-wing aircraft to incorporate the smallest possible fuselage available. The fuselage would be used to house the powerplant, cockpit, avionics and armament. The large surface area also improved internal space for fuel stores. Heinkel engineers presented the concept to Ernst Heinkel himself though it was greeted with mixed opinion. Some qualities, such as the cranked wings, proved worthy of follow up research while other qualities, such as the twin-nose layout, proved rather limiting for a fighter pilot trusting his eyes more than anything (the starboard side gondola would have obscured the right side view from the cockpit).

As such, the P.1078B only ever evolved in paper form and was never made ready for prime time testing nor production. The P.1078 line appeared in one more iteration as the P.1078C fighter form - another tailless interceptor design with a stout fuselage, single engine installation and swept-back wings with revised bend. The end of the war in Europe in May of 1945 signaled the end of all development of the P.1078 projects.


Specifications



Year:
1945
Crew
1
[ 0 Units ] :
Heinkel - Nazi Germany
National flag of Germany National flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
- Fighter
- Interception
- X-Plane / Developmental
Length:
19.82 ft (6.04 m)
Width:
30.94 ft (9.43 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Heinkel He P.1078B production model)
1 x HeS 011 turbojet engine of unknown thrust output.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Heinkel He P.1078B production model)
Max Speed:
637 mph (1,025 kph; 553 kts)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Heinkel He P.1078B production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
PROPOSED:
2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in starboard side gondola front.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Heinkel He P.1078B production model)
He P.1078B - Base Series Designation
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-