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Blohm and Voss Bv 155

High-Altitude Day Interceptor Prototype

Blohm and Voss Bv 155

High-Altitude Day Interceptor Prototype

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



Barely three of the Blohm and Voss Bv 155 day interceptors were realized at the time of the German surrender in May of 1945.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1944
MANUFACTURER(S): Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 3
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Blohm and Voss Bv 155 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 39.37 feet (12 meters)
WIDTH: 67.26 feet (20.5 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.84 feet (3 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 10,737 pounds (4,870 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 13,228 pounds (6,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Daimler-Benz DB 603A inverted 12-cylinder, liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 1,600 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 429 miles-per-hour (690 kilometers-per-hour; 373 knots)
RANGE: 286 miles (460 kilometers; 248 nautical miles)
CEILING: 55,774 feet (17,000 meters; 10.56 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 2,260 feet-per-minute (689 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



VARIOUS (Proposed):
1 x 30mm Mk 108 cannon in propeller hub with 2 x 20mm MG 151/20 cannons.
1 x 30mm MK 103 cannon in propeller hub with 2 x 15mm MG 151 cannons.
3 x 30mm MK 108 cannons
3 x 30mm MK 103 cannons
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Bv 155 - Base Series Designation; three examples by the end of the war in Europe in May of 1945.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Blohm and Voss Bv 155 High-Altitude Day Interceptor Prototype.  Entry last updated on 6/28/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Blohm & Voss Bv 155 can trace its long and ever changing history back to a Messerschmitt project that was born as "Me 155". In early 1942, work began on what was essentially a fully-navalized variant of the famous Messerschmitt Bf 109 single-seat, single-engine fighter which would adorn the deck of the under-construction German Navy aircraft carrier - "Graf Zeppelin". By the end of the year, the design of the new fighter was more or less finalized but progress on the carrier was slow and work on it was eventually cancelled in favor of other more pressing naval programs. This left the Me 155 without much of a future so Messerschmitt attempted to sell the design to the German Luftwaffe for a new "fast bomber" requirement as the "Me 155A".

As word of the development of a new high-altitude American heavy bomber - the Boeing B-29 "Superfortress" - reached the ears of German authorities, there came a pressing need for a high-altitude interceptor with the capabilities to reach it and Messerschmitt engineers modified their existing Me 155A proposal for this very requirement - now producing the revised "Me 155B". While work was ongoing on this project, Messerschmitt facilities were overwhelmed by existing wartime demands and the Me 155B was passed on to aircraft maker Blohm & Voss whose engineers enacted their own set of changes to the design (much to the chagrin of Messerschmitt engineers). By late 1943, authorities commissioned for at least five prototypes of the emerging design - now designated as "Bv 155A" - which still held many technical issues to overcome.

There proved such problems with the Bv 155A that the product was shelved in favor of a largely all-new design approach - this becoming "Bv 155B" and now more loosely based on the Messerschmitt Bf 109G. The aircraft featured the undercarriage of a Junkers Ju 87 "Stuka" dive bomber and all-new wing mainplanes and tail unit. The product's first prototype was V1 and a first flight was finally recorded on September 1st, 1944. Technical challenges forced even more changes in the V2 prototype which lessened the relationship of the aircraft with the original Bf 109G model all the more. Engineers then persuaded authorities that an engine change would benefit the design and the all-new "Bv 155C" mark was born.

To that end, the Bv 155 produced no tangible fighting aircraft product for the German Luftwaffe for the Bv 155 still lay in development at the close of the war in Europe (May 1945). Three prototypes (V1, V2, and V3) were all that were realized from the span of 1942 into 1945. The competing Focke-Wulf Ta 152 (based on the Fw 190 fighter) fulfilled the high-altitude interception role to an extent (production was extremely limited) and several jet/rocket programs were producing at least some fruits in an attempt to stem the tide of the Allied air assault. However, no single program proved the solution to save the Third Reich from defeat and Bv 155 joined the long list of German aircraft designs to not see daylight.

Proposed armament for the product ranged from several 15mm to 30mm autocannons. Performance specifications indicated a maximum speed of 430 miles per hour with ranges out to 900 miles (high estimate). Its service ceiling could have peaked at the 55,600 foot range.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (429mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
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  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Blohm and Voss Bv 155's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
3
3

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue