×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Global Military Ranks
HOME
AVIATION / AEROSPACE
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
MODERN AIRCRAFT
DRONE TECHNOLOGY

DRDO Nishant


Reconnaissance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

The DRDO Nishant is an indigenous Indian Unmanned Aerial Vehicle primarily utilized in the intelligence-gathering role for the army and air force.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 3/20/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Joining other leading world military powers in increased use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is India whose Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) agency has furthered the DRDO "Nishant" initiative. The Nishant is an unarmed UAV intended for surveillance, reconnaissance, target acquisition and artillery support while also considered for a variety of other battlefield roles. The aircraft saw its first flight in 1995, cleared requisite Indian Army testing and has entered limited productionas of this writing (October 2013). The Nishant was born in an Indian Army requirement originating in 1988.

The Nishant makes use of a conventional aircraft arrangement and follows well-accepted UAV design form - particularly for low-altitude operations requiring extended loitering times and stability for its onboard optics payload. It features a central nacelle making up its fuselage which contains avionics and payload as well as powerplant and fuel stores. Wings are straight appendages mounted high atop the fuselage. The tail consists of a twin-boom structure joined at the rear by a single horizontal plane; outboard of this plane are vertical tail fins. There is no fixed undercarriage as the Nishant is launched via catapult system and recovered by way of a parachute and landing cushions to retard the fall. In this fashion, the Nichant's operation is somewhat less complex as is her overall production. Optics are held in a positional blister assembly located along the belly. A conventional engine installation drives a two-bladed propeller in a "pusher" arrangement at the rear of the aircraft. The Nishant weighs in at 400lbs and can carry a payload of 100 pounds. Dimensionally, the vehicle is given a length of 15 feet and a wingspan of 21.5 feet. Its design provides the airframe with a maximum speed of 115 miles per hour and cruising speeds nearing 80 miles per hour. Operational range is listed at 100 miles with a service ceiling under 12,000 feet.

The Nishant is launched from a hydropneumatic rail system seated on the bed of a Tatra series 8x8 military truck. The truck serves in other militarized forms (including rocket projector platform) and is a proven battlefield component, providing the Nishant with essentially all-terrain accessibility. Couple this to the aircraft's 4.5 hour mission endurance window and the system becomes a valuable tactical asset to Indian Army operations. The complete Nishant package includes a Ground Control Station (GCS), specially trained operators and applicable carriers of equipment to ensure proper operation of the UAV.

Early use of a Nishant occurred in July of 1999 by elements of the Indian Army over the disputed Kashmir region against Pakistani-aligned forces where its reconnaissance capabilities were put to good use. Since then, the type has been consistently modified to suit required Indian Army specifications including use of an in-house engine.

In May of 2010, The Times of India reported that a pair of Nishant UAVs had crash landed at the village of Jaisalmer. The airframes were scavenged by villagers before the arrival of the Indian military. This is in addition to a pair of incidences involving Nishants back in April of 2010 where the UAVs were forced to crash land during trials.


Specifications



Year:
2012
Crew
0
[ 13 Units ] :
Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE); Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) - India
National flag of India India
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Unmanned
Length:
15.19 ft (4.63 m)
Width:
21.56 ft (6.57 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the DRDO Nishant production model)
Empty Weight:
838 lb (380 kg)
MTOW:
1,213 lb (550 kg)
(Diff: +375lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the DRDO Nishant production model)
1 x RE-2-21-P or RE-4-37-P engine developing approximately 55 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller assembly in "pusher" configuration.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the DRDO Nishant production model)
Max Speed:
115 mph (185 kph; 100 kts)
Service Ceiling:
11,811 feet (3,600 m; 2.24 miles)
Max Range:
99 miles (160 km; 86 nm)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the DRDO Nishant production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
None. Surveillance- and reconnaissance-minded mission equipment as payload.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the DRDO Nishant production model)
Nishant - Base Product Designation
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-