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Aero L-59 Super Albatros - Czechoslovakia, 1986


Detailing the development and operational history of the Aero L-59 Super Albatros Advanced Trainer / Light Strike Aircraft.


 Entry last updated on 8/1/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

  Aero L-59 Super Albatros  
Picture of Aero L-59 Super Albatros


No longer available from Czech aviation company Aero, the L-59 Super Albatros was eventually upgraded to become the L-159 ALCA series.







Aero Vodochody was established in post-war Europe during early 1919 and made a name for itself as a developer of capable Czech-originated aircraft. Its line included the A.11 series biplane of 1921 all the way to the popular jet-powered L-39 "Albatros" two-seat trainer of 1972. From the latter spawned a series of similar aircraft that included the improved L-59 "Super Albatros" of 1986 and the more modern L-159 ALCA. The L-59 was eventually adopted by Czechoslovakia, Egypt, and Tunisia.

The L-59 was developed along the same jet-powered, twin-seat trainer lines as the L-39 before it. The aircraft incorporated a tandem two-seat configuration (student in front, instructor in rear) with a single Progress DV-2 turbofan engine developing 4,850lbs of thrust. Compared to the L-39, the L-59 received a lengthened, reinforced fuselage structure, modernized avionics and a more powerful engine fitting. HUD (Head-Up Display) was added in the cockpit for improved situational awareness and mission support. Dimensions included a length of 12.2 meters, a wingspan of 9.5 meters, and a height of 4.7 meters. Empty weight was 8,865lbs with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 15,435lbs. Performance specifications included a maximum speed of 535 miles per hour with a range out to 1,245 miles and service ceiling of 38,785 feet. Rate-of-climb neared 5,510 feet per minute.






First flight of a prototype form occurred on September 30th, 1986. Production then spanned from 1986 to 1996 to which the L-59 was adopted by the Czechoslovak Air Force as the L-39MS in a batch of six aircraft. After the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993, four of the aircraft fell into service with the new Czech Air Force and the remaining aircraft went to the Slovak Air Force. Two slightly different export marks were then delivered as the L-59E to Egypt (49 examples) and the L-59T to Tunisia (12 examples). These were all that were produced from Aero Vodochody signifying the end of manufacture for the L-59 series (67 were built in all). Its replacement became the L-159 ALCA (Advanced Light Combat Aircraft) which saw production reach 72 and deliveries to the Czech Republic and Iraq.

Though a trainer by design, the L-59 retained certain combat capabilities about her. It was not a 4th Generation frontline multi-role fighter as found in the West or Russia but its airframe proved suitable for the light strike role, allowing it to become something of a tempting purchase to more budget-conscious nations requiring the dual-role service of a single airframe that trained pilots and also offered inherent Close-Air Support (CAS) or low-level strike functionality. As such, when armed for combat (or even weapons training), armed versions carried a single Soviet-inspired GSh-23L cannon in a pod mounted under the fuselage for short-range work. Four underwing hardpoints also supported up to 2,200lbs of externally-held ordnance which allowed the L-59 to be outfitted with standard conventional drop bombs, rocket pods, or gun pods as required.

Tunisian L-59 aircraft are set to receive an overhaul.




Aero L-59E Super Albatros Specifications



Service Year: 1986
Type: Advanced Trainer / Light Strike Aircraft
National Origin: Czechoslovakia
Manufacturer(s): Aero Vodochody - Czechoslovakia
Total Production: 67


Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)



Operating Crew (Typical): 2
Overall Length: 40.03 feet (12.2 meters)
Overall Width: 31.30 feet (9.54 meters)
Overall Height: 15.65 feet (4.77 meters)

Weight (Empty): 8,818 lb (4,000 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 15,432 lb (7,000 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)



Engine: 1 x Lotarev DV-2 turbofan engine developing 4,850 lbs of thrust.

Maximum Speed: 467 knots (537 mph; 865 kph)
Maximum Range: 1,080 nautical miles (1,243 miles; 2,000 km)
Service Ceiling: 38,714 feet (11,800 meters; 7.33 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 5,510 feet-per-minute (1,679 m/min)

Armament / Mission Payload



STANDARD:
1 x 23mm GSh-23L cannon in centerline gunpod.

OPTIONAL (across four underwing hardpoints):
Various air-to-surface munitions including missiles, guided bombs and conventional drop bombs as well as rocket pods. Up to 2,200lbs of carried ordnance.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)



Czechoslovakia; Czech Republic; Egypt; Tunisia; Slovakia

Model Variants



L-59 "Super Albatros" - Base Series Designation; base production model designation for Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic/Slovakia.
L-59E - Egyptian Air Force export model; 49 examples delivered.
L-59T - Tunisian Air Force export model; 12 examples delivered.


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