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TAI Hurkus

Basic Trainer / Counter-Insurgency Attack Aircraft

TAI Hurkus

Basic Trainer / Counter-Insurgency Attack Aircraft


The TAI Hurkus basic trainer and light attack platform began in a 2006 initiative between TAI and the Turkish government.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Turkey
YEAR: 2018
STATUS: In-Development
MANUFACTURER(S): Turkish Aerospace Industries - Turkey / Pilatus Aircraft Limited - Switzerland

Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the TAI Hurkus model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
LENGTH: 36.65 feet (11.17 meters)
WIDTH: 32.68 feet (9.96 meters)
HEIGHT: 12.14 feet (3.7 meters)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 8,047 pounds (3,650 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-68T turboprop engine developing 1,600 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 357 miles-per-hour (574 kilometers-per-hour; 310 knots)
RANGE: 920 miles (1,480 kilometers; 799 nautical miles)
CEILING: 113,845 feet (34,700 meters; 21.56 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 4,300 feet-per-minute (1,311 meters-per-minute)

VARIABLE (if armed):
12.7mm heavy machine gun pods; 20mm cannon pods; 2.75" multi-shot rocket pods; air-to-surface missiles; conventional drop bombs.
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of an aircraft cannon pod
Graphical image of an aircraft air-to-surface missile
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition

Series Model Variants
• Hurkus - Base Series Designation
• Hurkus-A - Basic civilian-minded aircraft
• Hurkus-B - Basic trainer with HUD, mission computer, weapons simulation-capable MFDs; enhanced Aselsan avionics suite.
• Hurkus-C - Proposed armed military light strike platform; support for light munitions.


Detailing the development and operational history of the TAI Hurkus Basic Trainer / Counter-Insurgency Attack Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 10/17/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©
Continuing their attempts to become a more self-sufficient world military power through a growing military-industrial complex, the nation of Turkey welcomes its new, indigenously designed and developed, TAI "Hurkus" to serve as primary and basic trainer for the Turkish Air Force. The aircraft originated from an Air Force requirement for fifteen such platforms to which a development contract was given to Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) in December of 2006. In April of 2009, the final design was accepted and a prototype went airborne for the first time on August 29th, 2013 - setting the stage for what should be a follow-up procurement phase. The name "Hurkus" is taken from Turkish aviation engineer Vecihi Hurkus (1895-1969), the country's first civilian pilot and a World War 1 (1914-1918) veteran. As of November 2013, the Hurkus is represented by two completed prototype samples which are being used in ongoing testing.

In overall scope, the aircraft will be similar to the American Beechcraft T-6 "Texan II", the Brazilian Embraer EMB 314 "Super Tucano" and the Swiss Pilatus PC-21 series - all competing in the basic trainer/light strike market. The Hurkus will replace the aged fleet of Turkish Air Force T-37 "Tweet" trainers, two-seat, turbojet-powered aircraft brought about in the 1950s. The Air Force has a stock of approximately 65 such aircraft.

Design of the Hurkus is largely conventional with a slim, aerodynamic fuselage tied to low-mounted, forward-set straight monoplane wing appendages. The engine is housed in a forward compartment in the usual way while the empennage utilizes a single vertical tail fin with a pair of low-mounted horizontal planes. All wing surfaces feature clipped tips. The fuselage sports seated for a crew of two under a large, clear canopy shell offering excellent elevated views around the aircraft from both positions. The cockpit includes all-modern avionics and controls to serve as a proper stepping stone for graduation to more advanced flight systems. The aircraft makes use of Martin-Baker Mk T-60 N "Zero-Zero" ejection seats for both crew.

The Hurkus relies on a single Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-68T series turboprop engine delivering 1,600 horsepower to a five-blade aluminum propeller by Hartzell. The combination of airframe design/configuration and powerplant are expected to provide the Hurkus with a maximum speed of 360 miles per hour, a cruising speed nearing 290 miles per hour, a range out to 920 miles and an operating service ceiling of 34,700 feet. Rate-of-climb is 4,300 feet per minute.

TAI is set to deliver the Hurkus in two, possibly three, distinct production forms - Hurkus-A, Hurkus-B and Hurkus-C. Hurkus-A will be the basic civilian airspace variant designed around European Aviation Safety Agency certification. The Hurkus-B will be of a more advanced trainer form featuring HUD (Head-Up Display), a mission computer and weapons-simulating Multi-Function Displays (6"x8" MFDs) at each cockpit. A third, more military-minded, variant is being proposed as the "Hurkus-C". This model would feature support for light armament (gun pods, cannons, bombs, rockets, missiles) to fulfill the light attack/strike/Close-Air Support (CAS) role.

The Hurkus project has not been without its delays. The initial prototype's flight was scheduled for sometime in 2009 and initial deliveries would have followed in 2011. However, the aircraft was not formally displayed until June 2012 and its initial flight did not occur until August of 2013.

It is conceivable that the Hurkus will be offered to interested foreign parties for purchase at some point. it will most certainly serve Turkish aerospace engineering well as a starting point for more advanced indigenous aircraft designs.


July 2016 - The Hurkus aircraft has received European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) approval. This marked the Hurkus as the first indigenous aircraft to receive certification.

January 2017 - First-flight for the Hurkus-B model is scheduled for December 2017. First deliveries to the Turkish Air Force are expected around the middle of 2018. An an initial batch of fifteen aircraft is sought with the possibility of forty more to be added.

June 2017 - The TAI Hurkus has made its public debut at Le Bourget during the 2017 Paris Air Show.

November 2017 - Hurkus was showcased at the Dubai Air Show to prospective customers.

January 2018 - The first Hurkus-B (production-quality) model has gone into the air for its initial flight.

June 2018 - Delivery of a batch of fifteen Hurkus basic trainers is set to begin to the Turkish Air Force with deliveries commencing the following year.

October 2018 - October 1st, 2018 saw the first delivery of a Hurkus-B trainer to the Turkish Air Force.

Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (357mph).

Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
Graph showcases the TAI Hurkus's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (4)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.

Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
Ground Attack
Aerial Tanker
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

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