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KAI KF-16 Fighting Falcon

South Korea (1991)

Detailing the development and operational history of the KAI KF-16 Fighting Falcon 4th Generation Multirole Fighter Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 2/21/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  KAI KF-16 Fighting Falcon  
Picture of KAI KF-16 Fighting Falcon 4th Generation Multirole Fighter Aircraft

The KAI KF-16 Fighting Falcon is a locally-produced South Korean version of the American Lockheed F-16 multirole series.

South Korea's close political ties with the United States allows for access to American military products such as the Lockheed (General Dynamics) F-16 Fighting Falcon. Beginning in 1991, Korean Aerospace Industries (KAI) began local, license production of the type under the "KF-16" designation. These aircraft were based on the F-16C/D Block 52 line to which 140 examples were completed. The first of a dozen airframes were handed over to the South Korean Air Force (ROKAF) in December of 1994 and these aircraft maintain an active presence in its inventory today (2013).

The arrival of the KF-16 began with the Korea Fighter Program (KFP) intended to provide the ROKAF with a modern multirole performer. Through competition, the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet was initially declared the winner until allegations of corruption during the selection process nixed the deal. The decision was then made to pursue the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon in its place as a dimensionally smaller and lighter single engine alternative.

While looking every bit the copy of her American sisters, the KF-16 in fact introduces thousands of new internal components to fulfill ROKAF requirements. KF-16s are outfitted with the Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-229 IPE (Improved Performance Engine) series turbofan engine, an APG-68(V)7 radar suite, an ALQ-200K radar jamming system by LIG Nex1 and LANTIRN (Low-Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night). The type was cleared for the Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) to give it a medium-ranged reach apart from its wingtip-mounted short-ranged AIM-9 Sidewinders. The aircraft was also given provision for maritime sorties and could be outfitted with anti-ship missiles as required. In January of 2011, the series cleared Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) testing to further broaden the airframe's tactical value in combat. JDAM allows for the conversion of conventional drop bombs (known as "dumb" bombs) to precision-guided munitions value utilizing Global Positioning System (GPS) in its freefall. The KF-16 maintains the same external appearance of original F-16s with their beak-like nose cones, all-around vision bubble canopy, squat rounded fuselage, swept leading wing edges and single vertical tail fins. The aircraft showcases the iconic under-fuselage air intake which aspirates the single powerplant. The selection of a single engine decreases maintenance commitments and operational costs to an extent. Beyond its wingtip mounts, the aircraft features seven hardpoints consisting of six underwing (three to a wing) and three under the fuselage. The centerline and inboard underwing hardpoints are plumbed for fuel stores if required. A standard 20mm M61 Vulcan six-barreled Gatling gun is fitted to the portside of the airframe as in the F-16.
Beginning in 2011, the KF-16 was granted a mid-life upgrade which, when completed, will bring the series to an updated standard worthy of the modern battlefield. Primary changes will include integration of an AESA (Active Electronically Scanned Array) radar suite. The weapons and avionics software will see a revision as well which will broaden armament options and improve intra-unit communications.

Beyond the KF-16, Korean Aerospace Industries manufactures (or has manufactured) the KT-1 basic trainer, the T-50 advanced trainer, the F-15K Eagle and P-3CK maritime patrol platform.

In January of 2014, a deal between BAe Systems and South Korea was announced to upgrade some 134 KF-16 fighters. This will include installation new Raytheon Active, Electronically-Scanned Array (AESA) radar systems, all new cockpit display panels and new mission computers. The program is expected to begin sometime in 2014 and take place near Fort Worth, Texas.

In November of 2014, the South Korean government cancelled its initiative to upgrade its fleet of 134 KF-16s with the Raytheon package. A new proposal is underway to fit a Northrop Grumman APG-83 AESA system through Lockheed Martin.

November 2016: South Korea has green-lighted an upgrade program covering 134 KF-16 aircraft to the F-16V "Viper" standard. Lockheed is set to handle the conversions.
KAI KF-16 Fighting Falcon Specifications
National Flag Graphic
South Korea
Year: 1991
Status: Active, In-Service
Type: 4th Generation Multirole Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Korean Aerospace Industries (KAI) - South Korea
Production: 140
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 1
Length: 49.21 ft (15 m)
Width: 32.48 ft (9.90 m)
Height: 15.75 ft (4.80 m)
Empty Weight: 18,739 lb (8,500 kg)
MTOW: 41,888 lb (19,000 kg)

Installed Power
1 x Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-229 afterburning turbofan engine.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 870 mph (1,400 kph; 756 kts)
Maximum Range: 2,610 mi (4,200 km; 2,268 nm)
Service Ceiling: 50,033 ft (15,250 m; 9.48 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 50,000 ft/min (15,240 m/min)

1 x 20mm M61 Vulcan six-barreled internal cannon
2 x AIM-9 Sidewinder short-ranged air-to-air missiles (or equivalent) on wingtip hardpoints.

Guided/homing air-to-air/air-to-surface missiles, rocket pods, cruise missiles, precision bombs, conventional drop bombs, specialized mission equipment and jettisonable fuel tanks.

Operators List
South Korea

Series Model Variants
• KF-16 - Base Series Designation

Supported Weapon Systems
Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of an aircraft Gatling-style rotating gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft air-to-surface missile
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an air launched cruise missile weapon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank