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Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter)

Nazi Germany (1945)
Picture of Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft
Picture of Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft Picture of Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft
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The German Heinkel He 162 was of an advanced, single-seat, single jet engine design of World War 2 - it appeared in limited numbers towards the end of the conflict.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 2/19/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The He 162 Volksjager (the "People's Fighter") was developed as a quick solution to stem the tide of the major Allied advances witnessed by German forces in the latter years of the war. The plan was to produce these inexpensive jet fighters in mass production quantities and train Hitler Youth to take them into battle. This formula would go on to show any reader of history the desperate lows that the Reich was willing to steep to help win the war for Germany.

The He 162 was a single-seat fighter of unique design, most identifiable for having the powerplant sitting atop the fuselage, negating the need for any complex internal intake and exhaust systems running the length of the fuselage. The tail was ingeniously split in a "T" format and the wings were mounted high on the fuselage body with edges folded down at aerodynamic degrees. A powered tricycle landing gear, a large glass canopy and even an ejection seat rounded out the list of notable features.

Initial plans for the He 162 came out just 38 days before the first prototype flew, making for an astounding development timeframe. The fuselage was developed from metal allows and plywood for the most inexpensive combination available. Mounting the engine atop the fuselage in no way hampered performance of the aircraft as a whole, though it did provide some instability issues in terms of handling capabilities that pilots should be made aware of, especially considering the nature of the dogfight.


Picture of the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft
Picture of the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft


With an intended production goal of about 4,000 a month, the He 162 was to overwhelm the Allied forces through sheer numbers. This became more idealistic than truth, as the supplies and trained aircrews were running thin for the Reich by this time. With that said, training for Hitler Youth ensued but in towed gliders, minimal zing the true learning curve apparent in an advanced aircraft such as the He 162 was to be. Final training was to conclude with Hitler Youth in actual combat.

The dream of the inexpensive lightweight jetfighter piloted by masses of young Hitler Youth men was never to be realized. In the end, British forces took over the airfield housing the only operational Volksjager air group, eventually taking eleven samples back to Britain for further testing and review. Of the 800 initial batch Volksjagers produced, only about 200 would ever actually make it out of the factory gates, the rest remaining in their place in underground factories found throughout Germany.

Incidentally, the He 162 Volksjager is sometimes incorrectly given the name of "Salamander" when, in fact, Salamander is the name given to the entire project of producing the lightweight jet fighter. Volksjager remains the recognized designation and the Heinkel firm applied the name of "Spatz" ("Sparrow") to their creation.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (522mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
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LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
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  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
275
275


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Nazi Germany
Service Year: 1945
Classification Type: Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Heinkel - Germany
Production Units: 275
Operational Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
29.69 ft


Meters
9.05 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
23.62 ft


Meters
7.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
8.37 ft


Meters
2.55 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
4,519 lb


Kilograms
2,050 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
5,941 lb


Kilograms
2,695 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x BMW 0030A-1 turbojet engine developing 1,764 lb of thrust.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
522 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
840 kph


Knots
454 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
432 mi


Kilometers
695 km


Nautical Miles
375 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
39,501 ft


Meters
12,040 m


Miles
7.48 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
4,200 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
1,280 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

STANDARD:
2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons OR 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Variants: Series Model Variants
• He 162 - Base Model Designation
• He 162 A-0 - Preproduction Aircraft totaling 10 examples.
• He 162 A-1 - Fitted with 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons.
• He 162 A-2 - Fitted with 2 x 20mm MG 151/20 cannons; increased ammunition space.
• He 162 A-3 - Proposed model with redesigned nose fitted with 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons.
• He 162 A-8 - Fitted with Jumo 004D-4 engine
• He 162 B-1 - Proposed model; to be fitted with Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011A turbojet engine; elongated fuselage and additional wingspan; improved range and fuel space; 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons.
• He 162C - Proposed Model; based on He 162 B-1 model; Vee-tail; fitted with 2 x MK 108 cannons.
• He 162D - Proposed Model; designed with forward-swept wing assembly.
• He 162E - Based on the He 162A model; fitted with BMW 003R powerplant featuring liquid-fuel rocket booster; single prototype example.
• He 162S - Engine-less Two-Seat Trainer Conversion to be used operated as a glider.