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Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter)

Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft

Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter)

Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The German Heinkel He 162 was of an advanced, single-seat, single jet engine design of World War 2 - it appeared in limited numbers towards the end of the conflict.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1945
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Heinkel - Germany
PRODUCTION: 275
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 29.69 feet (9.05 meters)
WIDTH: 23.62 feet (7.2 meters)
HEIGHT: 8.37 feet (2.55 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 4,519 pounds (2,050 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 5,941 pounds (2,695 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x BMW 0030A-1 turbojet engine developing 1,764 lb of thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 522 miles-per-hour (840 kilometers-per-hour; 454 knots)
RANGE: 432 miles (695 kilometers; 375 nautical miles)
CEILING: 39,501 feet (12,040 meters; 7.48 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 4,200 feet-per-minute (1,280 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons OR 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• He 162 - Base Model Designation
• He 162 A-0 - Preproduction Aircraft totaling 10 examples.
• He 162 A-1 - Fitted with 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons.
• He 162 A-2 - Fitted with 2 x 20mm MG 151/20 cannons; increased ammunition space.
• He 162 A-3 - Proposed model with redesigned nose fitted with 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons.
• He 162 A-8 - Fitted with Jumo 004D-4 engine
• He 162 B-1 - Proposed model; to be fitted with Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011A turbojet engine; elongated fuselage and additional wingspan; improved range and fuel space; 2 x 30mm MK 108 cannons.
• He 162C - Proposed Model; based on He 162 B-1 model; Vee-tail; fitted with 2 x MK 108 cannons.
• He 162D - Proposed Model; designed with forward-swept wing assembly.
• He 162E - Based on the He 162A model; fitted with BMW 003R powerplant featuring liquid-fuel rocket booster; single prototype example.
• He 162S - Engine-less Two-Seat Trainer Conversion to be used operated as a glider.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 2/19/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The He 162 Volksjager (the "People's Fighter") was developed as a quick solution to stem the tide of the major Allied advances witnessed by German forces in the latter years of the war. The plan was to produce these inexpensive jet fighters in mass production quantities and train Hitler Youth to take them into battle. This formula would go on to show any reader of history the desperate lows that the Reich was willing to steep to help win the war for Germany.

The He 162 was a single-seat fighter of unique design, most identifiable for having the powerplant sitting atop the fuselage, negating the need for any complex internal intake and exhaust systems running the length of the fuselage. The tail was ingeniously split in a "T" format and the wings were mounted high on the fuselage body with edges folded down at aerodynamic degrees. A powered tricycle landing gear, a large glass canopy and even an ejection seat rounded out the list of notable features.

Initial plans for the He 162 came out just 38 days before the first prototype flew, making for an astounding development timeframe. The fuselage was developed from metal allows and plywood for the most inexpensive combination available. Mounting the engine atop the fuselage in no way hampered performance of the aircraft as a whole, though it did provide some instability issues in terms of handling capabilities that pilots should be made aware of, especially considering the nature of the dogfight.




Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) (Cont'd)

Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft

Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter) (Cont'd)

Jet-Powered Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft



With an intended production goal of about 4,000 a month, the He 162 was to overwhelm the Allied forces through sheer numbers. This became more idealistic than truth, as the supplies and trained aircrews were running thin for the Reich by this time. With that said, training for Hitler Youth ensued but in towed gliders, minimal zing the true learning curve apparent in an advanced aircraft such as the He 162 was to be. Final training was to conclude with Hitler Youth in actual combat.

The dream of the inexpensive lightweight jetfighter piloted by masses of young Hitler Youth men was never to be realized. In the end, British forces took over the airfield housing the only operational Volksjager air group, eventually taking eleven samples back to Britain for further testing and review. Of the 800 initial batch Volksjagers produced, only about 200 would ever actually make it out of the factory gates, the rest remaining in their place in underground factories found throughout Germany.

Incidentally, the He 162 Volksjager is sometimes incorrectly given the name of "Salamander" when, in fact, Salamander is the name given to the entire project of producing the lightweight jet fighter. Volksjager remains the recognized designation and the Heinkel firm applied the name of "Spatz" ("Sparrow") to their creation.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (522mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
275
275

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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