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SPAD S.XIV

France (1917)
Picture of SPAD S.XIV Floatplane / Seaplane Biplane Fighter Aircraft

Only 40 examples of the SPAD S.XIV floatplane fighter were built during World War 1.


Detailing the development and operational history of the SPAD S.XIV Floatplane / Seaplane Biplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/4/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The SPAD S.XIV was a floatplane version of the earlier S.XII fighter. The original S.XII was developed by way of a request by French fighter ace Georges Guynemer for a cannon-armed fighter. This was honored through the S.XII which featured a 37mm Puteaux cannon fixed into the aircraft engine mount and firing through the propeller hub by way of a hollowed out section of the engine block. A single-shot weapon, it was of limited tactical value over the battlefield and required manual reloading while producing an inordinate amount of smoke when fired. A 7.7mm machine gun was also added for a more conventional armament fit but this too proved limited at a time when most fighters carried paired guns. About 300 of the aircraft were ordered though it remains unknown how many were actually delivered as no complete French fighter group was ever made up of S.XII aircraft.

The off-shoot S.XIV floatplane fighter retained the same powerplant (with integrated cannon armament) and fuselage as the S.XII before it. A Hispano-Suiza 8Bc engine of 220 horsepower powered the aircraft. The biplane wing arrangement relied on an equal-span design with two-bay configuration. The engine was fitted at the front of the fuselage in the typical way, the pilot just aft of the engine and under/behind the upper wing assembly. The tail unit was of a conventional design featuring a single vertical fin and low-mounted horizontal planes. The most obvious difference between the S.XII and the S.XIV was the use of floatplanes taking the place of the wheeled undercarriage seen in the original. The floats were provided by Levasseur and gave the S.XIV the water landing/take-off capabilities required of the seaplane fighter.

First flight of an S.XIV prototype was on November 15th, 1917 and a further 39 production-quality aircraft then followed, all for service in the French Navy (Aeronavale) where they lived out the rest of their days. The series was retired with the end of the war in 1918 - marking a short active service life for the S.XIV. For its time, the aircraft was one of the fastest floatplane-equipped systems in the world, setting a level speed record during its time aloft. Performance specifications included a maximum speed of 127 miles per hour, a range out to 155 miles and a service ceiling of 16,400 feet.

Any available statistics for the SPAD S.XIV Floatplane / Seaplane Biplane Fighter Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (127mph).

    Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the SPAD S.XIV's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
40
40


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: France
Service Year: 1917
Classification Type: Floatplane / Seaplane Biplane Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Societe Pour l'Avions et ses Derives (SPAD) - France
Production Units: 40
Operational Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
France
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the SPAD S.XIV model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
24.28 ft


Meters
7.4 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
32.15 ft


Meters
9.8 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
13.12 ft


Meters
4 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,698 lb


Kilograms
770 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
2,337 lb


Kilograms
1,060 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Hispano-Suiza 8 Bc engine developing 200 horsepower and driving two-bladed wooden propeller.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
127 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
205 kph


Knots
111 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
155 mi


Kilometers
250 km


Nautical Miles
135 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
16,404 ft


Meters
5,000 m


Miles
3.11 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

1 x 37mm Puteaux cannon firing through the propeller hub
1 x 7.7mm Vickers fixed, forward-firing machine gun synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Variants: Series Model Variants
• S.XIV - Base Series Designation; 39 examples plus one prototype completed.