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SPAD S.XIV

Floatplane / Seaplane Biplane Fighter Aircraft

SPAD S.XIV

Floatplane / Seaplane Biplane Fighter Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



Only 40 examples of the SPAD S.XIV floatplane fighter were built during World War 1.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: France
YEAR: 1917
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Societe Pour l'Avions et ses Derives (SPAD) - France
PRODUCTION: 40
OPERATORS: France
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the SPAD S.XIV model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 24.28 feet (7.4 meters)
WIDTH: 32.15 feet (9.8 meters)
HEIGHT: 13.12 feet (4 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,698 pounds (770 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,337 pounds (1,060 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Hispano-Suiza 8 Bc engine developing 200 horsepower and driving two-bladed wooden propeller.
SPEED (MAX): 127 miles-per-hour (205 kilometers-per-hour; 111 knots)
RANGE: 155 miles (250 kilometers; 135 nautical miles)
CEILING: 16,404 feet (5,000 meters; 3.11 miles)




ARMAMENT



1 x 37mm Puteaux cannon firing through the propeller hub
1 x 7.7mm Vickers fixed, forward-firing machine gun synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• S.XIV - Base Series Designation; 39 examples plus one prototype completed.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the SPAD S.XIV Floatplane / Seaplane Biplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/4/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The SPAD S.XIV was a floatplane version of the earlier S.XII fighter. The original S.XII was developed by way of a request by French fighter ace Georges Guynemer for a cannon-armed fighter. This was honored through the S.XII which featured a 37mm Puteaux cannon fixed into the aircraft engine mount and firing through the propeller hub by way of a hollowed out section of the engine block. A single-shot weapon, it was of limited tactical value over the battlefield and required manual reloading while producing an inordinate amount of smoke when fired. A 7.7mm machine gun was also added for a more conventional armament fit but this too proved limited at a time when most fighters carried paired guns. About 300 of the aircraft were ordered though it remains unknown how many were actually delivered as no complete French fighter group was ever made up of S.XII aircraft.

The off-shoot S.XIV floatplane fighter retained the same powerplant (with integrated cannon armament) and fuselage as the S.XII before it. A Hispano-Suiza 8Bc engine of 220 horsepower powered the aircraft. The biplane wing arrangement relied on an equal-span design with two-bay configuration. The engine was fitted at the front of the fuselage in the typical way, the pilot just aft of the engine and under/behind the upper wing assembly. The tail unit was of a conventional design featuring a single vertical fin and low-mounted horizontal planes. The most obvious difference between the S.XII and the S.XIV was the use of floatplanes taking the place of the wheeled undercarriage seen in the original. The floats were provided by Levasseur and gave the S.XIV the water landing/take-off capabilities required of the seaplane fighter.

First flight of an S.XIV prototype was on November 15th, 1917 and a further 39 production-quality aircraft then followed, all for service in the French Navy (Aeronavale) where they lived out the rest of their days. The series was retired with the end of the war in 1918 - marking a short active service life for the S.XIV. For its time, the aircraft was one of the fastest floatplane-equipped systems in the world, setting a level speed record during its time aloft. Performance specifications included a maximum speed of 127 miles per hour, a range out to 155 miles and a service ceiling of 16,400 feet.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (127mph).

    Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
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  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
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  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the SPAD S.XIV's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
40
40

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue