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Airbus A350

France (2014)
Picture of Airbus A350 Twin-Engine Wide-Body Long-Range Airliner
Picture of Airbus A350 Twin-Engine Wide-Body Long-Range Airliner

The Airbus A350 is intended to compete with the successful Boeing 777- and upcoming 787-series of passenger airliners.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Airbus A350 Twin-Engine Wide-Body Long-Range Airliner.  Entry last updated on 7/6/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The A350 is the latest Airbus contribution to the competitive wide-body, long-range airliner market. The aircraft is intended as a direct competitor to the popular Boeing 777 and the newer, though troubled, Boeing 787 "Dreamliner". Production of early-form airframes began in 2010 with a first-flight expected sometime in 2013. Barring developmental delays, committed airlines will begin receiving the product beginning in 2014 to which production is estimated to reach 592 units based on received orders to date (2013). As of this writing, there are commitments from 35 total airline firms worldwide.

The A350 was born from the Boeing 787 Dreamliner program announcement. Airbus was initially slow to react until customers required a competing type promising the savings of the advanced 787. With that, a modified version of the A330 emerged until enough changes were instituted that the aircraft was given its own company designation of "A350". However, its most important customers were not impressed with the Airbus reaction to the Boeing offering and pushed Airbus to produce an all-new design incorporating the latest in available technologies. This resulted in a completed reworked and refined A350 concept which was eventually approved while delaying the A350 program considerably.

Currently, the A350 will be marketed in five distinct production forms. The base airliner model will be the A350-800 with seating for up to 440 passengers in a 2- or 3-class seating arrangement (270 passengers feasible). The longer A350-900 and proposed A350-900R will feature seating for up to 475 persons across a similar 2- or 3-class arrangement (314 passengers feasible). The proposed A350-900F will be a dedicated freight hauler (90 tons of cargo) while the A350-1000 will be an expanded, lengthened passenger airliner with seating for up to 550 persons across a 2- or 3-class seating structure (350 passengers feasible). The A350-800 will sport a running length of 198.6 feet while the A350-900, -900R and -900F will see a length reaching 219.5 feet. The A350-1000 will be the longest of the family line with a length of 242.4 feet.

Internally, the A350 will sport a conventional airliner configuration. The flight deck is situated at the extreme front end of the vehicle and identified by the range of framed windows over the short, sloping nose assembly. Immediately aft of the flight deck is the passenger area which is spanned along either fuselage side by windows. Under the passenger area is the cargo hold. The freighter version of the A350 will naturally do away with the passenger seating elements to promote increased internal volume for additional hold space. Externally, the arrangement will be conventional, featuring two swept-back main wings at amidships and a traditional tail unit sporting a single vertical tail fin and dihedral horizontal planes. The undercarriage will be of the tricycle arrangement incorporating two main legs and a nose leg as standard.

All A350 forms will showcase a wingspan of 213 feet and carbon fiber-reinforced polymer construction throughout the wing assemblies and main fuselage. Power will be served through 2 x Rolls-Royce Trent XWB engines which will be developed in two distinct forms either outputting between 74,000 to 83,000lbs of thrust or 97,000lbs of thrust. Maximum speed is listed at 587 miles per hour with a cruise speed in the vicinity of 560 miles per hour. Range under load will reach from 5,000 nautical miles (A350-900F) to 10,300 nautical miles (A350-900R) depending on the variant in question. All will feature a service ceiling of approximately 43,000 feet.

As with other modern Airbus airliner products, the A350 will field an all-glass digital cockpit with fly-by-wire controls. The instrument panel will be dominated by six LCD screens for both pilot and co-pilot. The data system will be fully updatable with changing technologies which should make for a cost-effective investment in the long-run.

A350-1000

The newly introduced A350-1000 (2018), currently Airbus's largest "twin" airliner, has been developed to minimize the crew workload and increase reaction times during emergency descents. It has a wingspan of 212.4 feet, an overall length of 242.1 feet, and a height of 56 feet. The cabin width measures 18.4 feet. Seating in a typical arrangement is 366 with a maximum of 440 possible. Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) is 676,700lb. Maximum operating speed if Mach 0.89 with a maximum cruising speed nearing Mach 0.85. Maximum range is 8,400 nautical miles.

Any available statistics for the Airbus A350 Twin-Engine Wide-Body Long-Range Airliner are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).




  Program Updates  


November 2016 - The stretched A350-1000 recorded its first-flight on November 24th, 2016. The product is set to enter service before the end of 2017.

April 2017 - The A350-1000 is scheduled to be delivered to customer Qatar Airways in late-2017.

February 2018 - Airbus has debuted its A350-1000, billed the largest "twin", at Singapore Airshow 2018.

April 2018 - Qatar Airways has become the first carrier to receive the A350-1000 passenger airliner from Airbus.

June 2018 - Cathay Pacific became the second carrier to receive the A350-1000 product.

July 2018 - Two A350-1000 airframes have been delivered to customers Qatar Airways and Cathay Pacific Airways.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (587mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Airbus A350's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
592
592


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Origin: France
Year: 2014
Type: Twin-Engine Wide-Body Long-Range Airliner
Manufacturer(s): Airbus - France
Production: 592
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Brazil; China; Colombia; Ethiopia; Finland; Hong Kong; India; Iran; Ireland; Italy; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Portugal; Qatar; Russia; Singapore; South Korea; Thailand; Tunisia; United Arab Emirates; United States; Vietnam; Yemen
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airbus A350 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
198.49 ft


Meters
60.5 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
213.25 ft


Meters
65 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
55.77 ft


Meters
17 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
255,075 lb


Kilograms
115,700 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
573,202 lb


Kilograms
260,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Rolls-Royce Trent XWB turbofan engines delivering 79,000lbs to 97,000lbs thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
587 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
945 kph


Knots
510 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
9,756 mi


Kilometers
15,700 km


Nautical Miles
8,477 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
43,097 ft


Meters
13,136 m


Miles
8.16 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• A350 - Base Series Designation
• A350-800 - Base 440 maximum passenger airliner; 79,000lb thrust engines.
• A350-900 - Lengthened 475 maximum passenger airliner; 84,000lb thrust engines.
• A350-900R - Proposed Lengthened 475 maximum passenger airliner; 93,000lb thrust engines.
• A350-900F - Proposed freighter; 93,000lb thrust engines.
• A350-1000 - Lengthened 550 maximum passenger airliner; 97,000lb thrust engines.