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Airbus Helicopters H725 Caracal (Super Cougar) / (Eurocopter EC725)

France (2005)
Picture of Airbus Helicopters H725 Caracal (Super Cougar) / (Eurocopter EC725) Medium Transport Helicopter
Picture of Airbus Helicopters H725 Caracal (Super Cougar) / (Eurocopter EC725) Medium Transport Helicopter

The Eurocopter EC725 Caracal is gaining ground in the flooded medium-lift helicopter market.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Airbus Helicopters H725 Caracal (Super Cougar) / (Eurocopter EC725) Medium Transport Helicopter.  Entry last updated on 6/21/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Eurocopter EC725 helicopter series was designed to a French Air Force requirement for a military-grade long-range Search & Rescue SAR) platform. Eurocopter took to modifying the existing AS532 "Cougar" series (following the preceding SA 330 "Puma" marks)as the AS 532 A2 "Cougar". Formal trials of the design were conducted from 1996 to 1999 to which the development was found lacking in some areas. This prompted a second submission - the EC 725 "Super Cougar" - to emerge. The helicopter was fitted with 2 x Turbomeca Makila series turboshaft engines rated at 2,400 horsepower each and powering a five-bladed main rotor and four-bladed tail rotor. With a first flight recorded in January of 2001, the type was then adopted into service with the French Air Force in 2005 as the "Eurocopter EC 725 Caracal" at the cost of 15 million Euros per unit.

Key to the EC 725 design are its long-range capabilities and medium-lift qualities. While initially developed for the SAR role, the type has seen a steadily increasing service in roles to include special forces "taxi", humanitarian rescue, troop transport and VIP transport. As such, the type can be made to transport up to 28 infantry, 12,500lbs of cargo or 12 stretchers (with medical personnel for when in the MEDEVAC role). When optionally armed, the EC 725 can be equipped with a pair of window-mounted general purpose machine guns (FN MAG or equivalent) or side-mounted 68mm rocket pods or side-mounted 20mm GIAT cannon pods.

The EC 725 is piloted by two personnel under a heavily framed cockpit followed by a crew chief in the aft cabin (and window gunners if applicable). The cockpit is fully-digital making use of color map display and crisp LCD monitors. The cabin takes up much of the internal volume of the fuselage at amidships with the turboshaft engines mounted on the cabin roof. The engines drive the main blades in a conventional manner with a drive shaft running within the empennage stalk to the tail rotor. The undercarriage consists of two main single-wheeled legs and a double-tired nose leg. An in-flight refueling probe can be fitted to the front starboard side of the aircraft for in-flight refueling thusly extended operational ranges considerably. Various kits are available to customers to outfit the EC 725 for the required mission role.

Operators of the EC 725 (beyond the French Air Force and Navy) include the Brazilian Air Force, Navy, Army and government, the Kazakhstan Air Force, the Indonesia Air Force, the Royal Saudi Air Force, the Royal Malaysian Air Force and the Mexican Air Force. Roughly 30 are in service with dozens on order - some to be produced locally in Brazil and Kazakhstan.

Any available statistics for the Airbus Helicopters H725 Caracal (Super Cougar) / (Eurocopter EC725) Medium Transport Helicopter are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (201mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Airbus Helicopters H725 Caracal (Super Cougar)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
130
130


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: France
Year: 2005
Type: Medium Transport Helicopter
Manufacturer(s): Eurocopter Group - France
Production: 130
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Brazil; France; Kazakhstan; Indonesia; Thailand; Saudi Arabia; Malaysia; Mexico
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airbus Helicopters H725 Caracal (Super Cougar) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
63.98 ft


Meters
19.5 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
15.09 ft


Meters
4.6 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
11,751 lb


Kilograms
5,330 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
24,692 lb


Kilograms
11,200 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Turbomeca Makila 2A1 turboshaft engines developing 2,400 horsepower to a five-bladed main rotor and four-bladed tail rotor.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
201 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
324 kph


Knots
175 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
534 mi


Kilometers
860 km


Nautical Miles
464 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
20,013 ft


Meters
6,100 m


Miles
3.79 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
710 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
216 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft cannon pod
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

Usually none. Though optional armament includes any one of the following packages:

2 x 7.62mm Fabrique Nationale FN MAG general purpose machine guns at window mounts.
2 x 19 68mm rocket pods on external side mounts
2 x 20mm GIAT cannon pods on external side mounts
Variants: Series Model Variants
• H725 - Series Designation under Airbus Helicopters brand label.
• EC725 "Caracal" ("Super Cougar") - Base Series Designation under Eurocopter brand label; base troop transport.
• EC 725 VIP - VIP transport with seating for up to 12.
• EC725 MEDEVAC - Medical Evacuation Model with room for 12 x stretchers and 4 medical attendants.
• EC725 SAR - Search and Rescue variant outfitted with applicable recovery equipment.