Military Factory

World War 2 British Guns and Other Small Arms (1939-1945)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 1/3/2016

With defeat to the Axis an unacceptable reality, British engineers went on to develop some of the most recognizable firearms of World War 2.





There are a total of (60) World War 2 British Guns and other small arms (1939-1945) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. This listing also includes portable weaponry such as hand grenades and mortars. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1905
Arisaka Type 38
The Arisaka Type 38 (Rifle, Meiji 38th Year) was the standard rifle issued to the Imperial Japanese ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Arisaka Type 38

1927
Ballester-Molina / HAFDASA
The Ballester-Molina is nothing more than an Argentine locally-produced copy of the successful Ameri... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ballester-Molina / HAFDASA

1912
Bangalore Torpedo
The Bangalore Torpedo was a British invention seen just prior to World War 1 (1914-1918) and develop... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bangalore Torpedo

1934
Beretta Model 1934
Beretta - founded as far back as 1526 in Brescia, Italy - introduced their first semi-automatic pist... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Beretta Model 1934

1935
Beretta Model 1935
The storied firearms concern of Beretta was founded in 1526 by Maestro Bartolomeo Beretta out of Bre... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Beretta Model 1935

1938
BESA (Gun, Machine, 7.92mm, BESA)
The British Army, heading into World War 2, adopted several machine guns of Czech design - the BREN ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BESA (Gun, Machine, 7.92mm, BESA)

1940
BESAL (Gun, Light, Machine, Faulkner, .303-inch)
During the critical early years of World War 2 (1939-1945), German forces held key northern French a... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BESAL (Gun, Light, Machine, Faulkner, .303-inch)

1937
Boys ATR
Recognizing the increased reliance on armor by the world's armies in the lead-up to World War 2 (193... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boys ATR

1938
BREN LMG
The BREN Light Machine Gun was the standard light machine gun of the British Army and Commonwealth f... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BREN LMG

1935
Browning High-Power / FN GP35
The Browning High-Power (or Fabrique Nationale FN GP35 - "GP" for "Grande Puissance") has a lineage ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning High-Power / FN GP35

1918
Browning M1918 BAR (Browning Automatic Rifle)
The M1918 BAR ("Browning Automatic Rifle") was born out of the World War One idea of a single soldie... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning M1918 BAR (Browning Automatic Rifle)

1919
Browning M1919 GPMG
Like many of the infantry weapons made available to American servicemen of World War 2 (1939-1945), ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning M1919 GPMG

1921
Browning M2 (HMG)
Very few machine guns in the history of the world own a legacy such as that of famous the Browning M... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning M2 (HMG)

1927
Ceska Zbrojovka vz. 27
Ceska Zbrojovka is a storied firearms concern that originated in the former Czechoslovakia in the ye... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ceska Zbrojovka vz. 27

1895
Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)
Convinced of the inherent value of machine guns based on experiences in the Spanish American War of ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)

1911
Colt M1911
The Colt model M1911 series of pistols is one of the most successful small arms designs of the 20th ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt M1911

1898
Colt Model 1898 (New Service)
In 1898, Colt Firearms unveiled a new six-shot revolver chambered for the .45 Colt cartridge as the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1898 (New Service)

1943
De Lisle Carbine
The De Lisle silenced carbine was developed during 1942 as a time when the outcome of World War 2 wa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the De Lisle Carbine

1932
Enfield No. 2
Since World War 1, the British Army appreciated its large caliber revolvers mainly due to their inhe... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Enfield No. 2

1933
Fabrique Nationale FN M2HB
Like other John Browning gun designs, his famous Browning M2 Heavy Machine Gun ended up produced in ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Fabrique Nationale FN M2HB

1943
Flamethrower, Portable, No 2 (Lifebuoy)
Unlike the American, German and Soviet armies of World War 2, the British Army was never as large a ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Flamethrower, Portable, No 2 (Lifebuoy)

1909
Hotchkiss Model 1909 (Mle 1909 / Benet-Mercie)
Design of the M1909 was brought about by a new French requirement looking to provide ground elements... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Hotchkiss Model 1909 (Mle 1909 / Benet-Mercie)

1914
Hotchkiss Model 1914 (Mle 1914)
During the late 1800s, there only existed a few proven "true" machine gun concepts anywhere in the w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Hotchkiss Model 1914 (Mle 1914)

1941
Johnson Light Machine Gun
The Johnson Model 1941 Light Machine Gun (LMG) was a product of the Cranston Arms Company of Provide... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Johnson Light Machine Gun

1941
Johnson Model 1941
The Johnson Model 1941 faced off against the M1 Garand rifle before the start of hostilities that be... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Johnson Model 1941

1941
Lanchester (SMG)
After the heroic evacuation of the Dunkirk survivors and the subsequent Fall of France in 1940, the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lanchester (SMG)

1895
Lee-Enfield (Series)
The Lee-Enfield series of rifles is one of the most successful bolt-action rifles of all time. First... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lee-Enfield (Series)

1944
Lee-Enfield Rifle No.5 Mk I (Jungle Carbine)
The Lee-Enfield bolt-action rifle to emerge from Britain in 1895 became one of the classic service r... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lee-Enfield Rifle No.5 Mk I (Jungle Carbine)

1914
Lewis Machine Gun
American Isaac Newton Lewis (1858-1931) served in the United States Army and lent his talents to inv... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lewis Machine Gun

1942
M1 (Bazooka) / (2.36-inch Rocket Launcher M1)
The M1 "Bazooka" proved one of the stars of the Allied cause during World War 2 and eventually inspi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1 (Bazooka) / (2.36-inch Rocket Launcher M1)

1942
M1 Carbine (US Carbine, Caliber 30, M1)
The American arms industry reached all new heights with its commitment in World War 2. Much of the e... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1 Carbine (US Carbine, Caliber 30, M1)

1938
M1 Thompson (Tommy Gun)
The Thompson series of submachine guns (not quite a pistol yet not a full-fledged machine gun) began... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1 Thompson (Tommy Gun)

1917
M1917 Enfield (American Enfield)
Britain had already begun the task of replacing their Short Magazine Lee Enfield (SMLE) infantry rif... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1917 Enfield (American Enfield)

1945
M20 75mm
Recoilless rifles are a specialized category of battlefield weaponry that see less service today tha... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M20 75mm

1896
Mauser C96
One of the most recognizable early-form semi-automatic pistols became the Mauser C96 series. The C96... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser C96

1915
Mk 1 / Mills Grenade (Mills Bomb)
As World War broadened across Europe following the events of 1914, design work began on a new standa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mk 1 / Mills Grenade (Mills Bomb)

1940
No. 68 AT
In the early 1900s, the "rifle grenade" as a viable battlefield weapon began to take form - its firs... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the No. 68 AT

1940
No. 73 AT (N73)
The "Miracle at Dunkirk" in Northern France that saw many British and French lives saved under the t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the No. 73 AT (N73)

1943
No. 82 Grenade (Gammon Bomb)
The hand grenade was used throughout World War 1 (1914-1918) in various forms and some models manage... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the No. 82 Grenade (Gammon Bomb)

1940
Northover Projector
With the invasion of Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany in 1939. However, the situat... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Northover Projector

1938
Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar
The Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar Mk II was an infantry-based, squad-level mortar weapon system standard... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar

1925
Ordnance ML 3-inch Mortar
Among several of the unsung British war weapons to see action in World War 2 was the Ordnance, ML Mo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 3-inch Mortar

1942
Ordnance ML 4.2-inch Mortar
In attempting to keep step with the German Army and its successes during the early stages of World W... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 4.2-inch Mortar

1945
Ordnance, RCL, 3.45-inch
Recoilless guns/rifles get their categorization from their inherent ability to counter some of the v... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance, RCL, 3.45-inch

1941
Owen SMG (Owen Machine Carbine)
Despite its obvious battlefield value today, world militaries took some time to warm up to the idea ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Owen SMG (Owen Machine Carbine)

1942
PIAT (Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank)
With the large loss of anti-tank weaponry at the Battle of Dunkirk in northern France, the British w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the PIAT (Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank)

1941
Reising Model 50 (M50/M55)
Before the arrival of the various storied American firearms of World War 2 such as the M1 Thompson, ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Reising Model 50 (M50/M55)

1905
Ross Rifle
An indigenous bolt-action service rifle of World War 1 to emerge from Canada - the "Ross Rifle" - wa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ross Rifle

1908
Smith & Wesson 1st Model New Century (Triple Lock)
In 1868, the storied firm of Smith & Wesson introduced their Model 3, a large-caliber, hinged-frame,... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson 1st Model New Century (Triple Lock)

1889
Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)
The famous ".38 Special" revolver was the Smith & Wesson Model 10 which first appeared in 1899 and w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)

1903
Springfield M1903 (Model 1903)
The M1903 "Springfield" bolt-action service rifle was the standard infantry rifle of the American Ar... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield M1903 (Model 1903)

1941
STEN SMG
The British STEN submachine gun is one of those rare firearms in history that was born of desperatio... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the STEN SMG

1944
Sterling Submachine Gun (L2A1)
The submachine gun was developed as early as World War 1 but was not featured prominently in the bat... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Sterling Submachine Gun (L2A1)

1915
Stokes Mortar (3-inch)
While mortars largely fell out of interest prior to World War 1, the stalemate of trench warfare for... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Stokes Mortar (3-inch)

1912
Vickers Machine Gun (Gun, Machine, Vickers, .303in, Mk 1)
Like most other medium support machine systems born around the turn of the century, the British Vick... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Machine Gun (Gun, Machine, Vickers, .303in, Mk 1)

1925
Vickers-Berthier (VB) LMG
The Vickers-Berthier was a British light machine gun design originally introduced by a Frenchman, pa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers-Berthier (VB) LMG

1929
Walther PP (Polizei Pistole)
Founded in 1886, the Carl Walther GmbH concern designed and manufactured many small arms prior to Wo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Walther PP (Polizei Pistole)

1931
Walther PPK (Polizei Pistole Kriminalmodell)
Walther introduced their original PP ("Polizei Pistole") compact semi-automatic pistol in 1929 and i... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Walther PPK (Polizei Pistole Kriminalmodell)

1887
Webley Model 1887
The Webley service revolver first appeared in 1887 and manufactured under the P. Webley & Sons brand... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Webley Model 1887

1939
Welrod (Assassin's Pistol)
The Welrod was designed in the early part of World War 2 after a very short development period by th... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Welrod (Assassin's Pistol)