Military Factory
Military Factory

WW2 British Guns (and Other Small Arms)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 4/18/2014

With defeat to the Axis an unacceptable reality, British engineers went on to develop some of the most recognizable firearms of World War 2.

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There are a total of 57 WW2 British Guns (and other small arms) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. This listing also includes portable weaponry such as hand grenades and mortars. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1942
2.36-inch Rocket Launcher M1 (Bazooka)
The M1 "Bazooka" proved one of the stars of the Allied cause during World War 2 and went on to inspire the German "Panzerschr...
Thumbnail picture of the 2.36-inch Rocket Launcher M1 (Bazooka)

1905
Arisaka Type 38
The Arisaka Type 38 (Rifle, Meiji 38th Year) was the standard rifle issued to the Imperial Japanese infantry. The weapon had...
Thumbnail picture of the Arisaka Type 38

1927
Ballester-Molina / HAFDASA
The Ballester-Molina is nothing more than an Argentine locally-produced copy of the successful American Colt M1911 series of ...
Thumbnail picture of the Ballester-Molina / HAFDASA

1912
Bangalore Torpedo
The Bangalore Torpedo was a British invention seen just prior to World War 1 (1914-1918) and developed exclusively with the c...
Thumbnail picture of the Bangalore Torpedo

1934
Beretta Model 1934
Beretta - founded as far back as 1526 in Brescia, Italy - introduced their first semi-automatic pistol during World War 1 thr...
Thumbnail picture of the Beretta Model 1934

1935
Beretta Model 1935
The storied firearms concern of Beretta was founded in 1526 by Maestro Bartolomeo Beretta out of Brescia, Lombardy, Italy. Si...
Thumbnail picture of the Beretta Model 1935

1938
BESA (Gun, Machine, 7.92mm, BESA)
The British Arm heading into World War 2 adopted several machine guns of Czech design - the BREN Light Machine Gun being perh...
Thumbnail picture of the BESA (Gun, Machine, 7.92mm, BESA)

1940
BESAL (Gun, Light, Machine, Faulkner, .303-inch)
During the critical early years of World War 2 (1939-1945), German forces held key northern French and Belgian territories wh...
Thumbnail picture of the BESAL (Gun, Light, Machine, Faulkner, .303-inch)

1937
Boys Anti-Tank Rifle
Recognizing the increased reliance on armor by the world's armies in the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the British Army...
Thumbnail picture of the Boys Anti-Tank Rifle

1938
BREN LMG
The BREN Light Machine Gun was the standard light machine gun of the British Army and Commonwealth forces throughout World Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the BREN LMG

1935
Browning High-Power / FN GP35
The Browning High-Power (or Fabrique Nationale FN GP35 - "GP" for "Grande Puissance") has a lineage dating back to the origin...
Thumbnail picture of the Browning High-Power / FN GP35

1918
Browning M1918 BAR (Browning Automatic Rifle)
The M1918 BAR ("Browning Automatic Rifle") was born out of the World War One idea of a single soldier armed with the power of...
Thumbnail picture of the Browning M1918 BAR (Browning Automatic Rifle)

1919
Browning M1919 GPMG
Like many of the infantry weapons made available to US servicemen in the Second World War, the M1919 shared the common histor...
Thumbnail picture of the Browning M1919 GPMG

1921
Browning M2 (HMG)
Very few machine guns in the history of the world own a legacy such as that of famous the Browning M2 heavy machine gun serie...
Thumbnail picture of the Browning M2 (HMG)

1927
Ceska Zbrojovka vz. 27
Ceska Zbrojovka is a storied firearms concern that originated in the former Czechoslovakia in the years following World War 1...
Thumbnail picture of the Ceska Zbrojovka vz. 27

1895
Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)
Convinced of the inherent value of machine guns based on experiences in the Spanish American War of 1898 (and not wholly sold...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)

1911
Colt M1911
The Colt model M1911 series of pistols is one of the most successful small arms designs of the 20th Century - and in all of w...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt M1911

1898
Colt Model 1898 (New Service)
In 1898, Colt Firearms unveiled a new six-shot revolver chambered for the .45 Colt cartridge as the Model 1898 - better known...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1898 (New Service)

1943
De Lisle Carbine
The De Lisle silenced carbine was developed during 1942 as a time when the outcome of World War 2 was still very much in doub...
Thumbnail picture of the De Lisle Carbine

1932
Enfield No. 2
Since World War 1, the British Army appreciated its large caliber revolvers mainly due to their inherent man-stopping abiliti...
Thumbnail picture of the Enfield No. 2

1933
Fabrique Nationale FN M2HB
Like other John Browning gun designs, his famous Browning M2 Heavy Machine Gun ended up produced in Europe (Belgium) under th...
Thumbnail picture of the Fabrique Nationale FN M2HB

1943
Flamethrower, Portable, No 2 (Lifebuoy)
Unlike the American, German and Soviet armies of World War 2, the British Army was never as large a proponent of the man-port...
Thumbnail picture of the Flamethrower, Portable, No 2 (Lifebuoy)

1909
Hotchkiss Model 1909 (Mle 1909 / Benet-Mercie)
Design of the M1909 was brought about by a new French requirement looking to provide ground elements with a "light" automatic...
Thumbnail picture of the Hotchkiss Model 1909 (Mle 1909 / Benet-Mercie)

1914
Hotchkiss Model 1914 (Mle 1914)
During the late 1800s, there only existed a few proven "true" machine gun concepts anywhere in the world. Countless attempts ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hotchkiss Model 1914 (Mle 1914)

1941
Johnson Model 1941
The Johnson Model 1941 faced off against the M1 Garand rifle before the start of hostilities that became World War 2. The rif...
Thumbnail picture of the Johnson Model 1941

1941
Lanchester (SMG)
After the heroic evacuation of the Dunkirk survivors and the subsequent Fall of France in 1940, the British future was an unn...
Thumbnail picture of the Lanchester (SMG)

1895
Lee-Enfield (Series)
The Lee-Enfield series of rifles is one of the most successful bolt-action rifles of all time. First debuted in November 1895...
Thumbnail picture of the Lee-Enfield (Series)

1914
Lewis Machine Gun
American Isaac Newton Lewis (1858-1931) served in the United States Army and lent his talents to invention when possible. In ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lewis Machine Gun

1908
Luger P08 (Pistole Parabellum 1908 / Parabellum-Pistole)
The German P08 pistol (or "Pistole 1928" or "P'08" or "Luger") was one of the more famous German-based pistol designs of the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Luger P08 (Pistole Parabellum 1908 / Parabellum-Pistole)

1942
M1 Carbine (US Carbine, Caliber 30, M1)
The American arms industry reached all new heights with its commitment in World War 2. Much of the existing stock of guns wer...
Thumbnail picture of the M1 Carbine (US Carbine, Caliber 30, M1)

1938
M1 Thompson (Tommy Gun)
The Thompson series of submachine guns (not quite a pistol yet not a full-fledged machine gun) began life in 1919 following W...
Thumbnail picture of the M1 Thompson (Tommy Gun)

1917
M1917 Enfield (American Enfield)
Britain had already begun the task of replacing their Short Magazine Lee Enfield (SMLE) infantry rifles in the years precedin...
Thumbnail picture of the M1917 Enfield (American Enfield)

1945
M20 75mm
Recoilless rifles are a specialized category of battlefield weaponry that see less service today than in the years following ...
Thumbnail picture of the M20 75mm

1896
Mauser C96
One of the most recognizable early-form semi-automatic pistols became the Mauser C96 series. The C96 shape was classic with i...
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser C96

1915
Mk 1 / Mills Grenade (Mills Bomb)
As World War broadened across Europe following the events of 1914, design work began on a new standard hand grenade for the B...
Thumbnail picture of the Mk 1 / Mills Grenade (Mills Bomb)

1940
No. 73 AT (N73)
The "Miracle at Dunkirk" in Northern France that saw many British and French lives saved under the threat of complete annihil...
Thumbnail picture of the No. 73 AT (N73)

1940
Northover Projector
With the invasion of Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany in 1939. However, the situation turned sour when the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Northover Projector

1938
Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar
The Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar Mk II was an infantry-based, squad-level mortar weapon system standardized throughout the Briti...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar

1925
Ordnance ML 3-inch Mortar
Among several of the unsung British war weapons to see action in World War 2 was the Ordnance, ML Mortar, 3-inch. The weapon ...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 3-inch Mortar

1945
Ordnance, RCL, 3.45-inch
Recoilless guns/rifles get their categorization from their inherent ability to counter some of the violent recoil effects rel...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance, RCL, 3.45-inch

1941
Owen SMG (Owen Machine Carbine)
Despite its obvious battlefield value today, world militaries took some time to warm up to the idea of procuring and fielding...
Thumbnail picture of the Owen SMG (Owen Machine Carbine)

1942
PIAT (Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank)
With the large loss of anti-tank weaponry at the Battle of Dunkirk in northern France, the British were forced to develop all...
Thumbnail picture of the PIAT (Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank)

1941
Reising Model 50 (M50/M55)
Before the arrival of the various storied American firearms of World War 2 such as the M1 Thompson, M1 Garand and M1 Carbine,...
Thumbnail picture of the Reising Model 50 (M50/M55)

1908
Smith & Wesson 1st Model New Century (Triple Lock)
In 1868, the storied firm of Smith & Wesson introduced their Model 3, a large-caliber, hinged-frame, single-action revolver. ...
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson 1st Model New Century (Triple Lock)

1889
Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)
The famous ".38 Special" revolver was the Smith & Wesson Model 10 which first appeared in 1899 and went on to see some 6 mill...
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)

1903
Springfield M1903 (Model 1903)
The M1903 "Springfield" bolt-action service rifle was the standard infantry rifle of the American Army throughout its partici...
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield M1903 (Model 1903)

1941
STEN SMG
The British STEN submachine gun is one of those rare firearms in history that was born of desperation and turned into a war-w...
Thumbnail picture of the STEN SMG

1944
Sterling Submachine Gun (L2A1)
The submachine gun was developed as early as World War 1 but was not featured prominently in the battles of the industrial wo...
Thumbnail picture of the Sterling Submachine Gun (L2A1)

1915
Stokes Mortar (3-inch)
While mortars largely fell out of interest prior to World War 1, the stalemate of trench warfare forced national armies to re...
Thumbnail picture of the Stokes Mortar (3-inch)

1912
Vickers Machine Gun (Gun, Machine, Vickers, .303in, Mk 1)
Like most other medium support machine systems born around the turn of the century, the British Vickers Medium Machine Gun or...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Machine Gun (Gun, Machine, Vickers, .303in, Mk 1)

1925
Vickers-Berthier (VB) Light Machine Gun
The Vickers-Berthier was a British light machine gun design originally introduced by a Frenchman, passed on by the Americans ...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers-Berthier (VB) Light Machine Gun

1929
Walther PP (Polizei Pistole)
Founded in 1886, the Carl Walther GmbH concern designed and manufactured many small arms prior to World War 2 (1939-1945). In...
Thumbnail picture of the Walther PP (Polizei Pistole)

1931
Walther PPK (Polizei Pistole Kriminalmodell)
Walther introduced their original PP ("Polizei Pistole") compact semi-automatic pistol in 1929 and immediately found takers b...
Thumbnail picture of the Walther PPK (Polizei Pistole Kriminalmodell)

1887
Webley Model 1887
The Webley service revolver first appeared in 1887 and manufactured under the P. Webley & Sons brand label, selected to repla...
Thumbnail picture of the Webley Model 1887

1939
Welrod (Assassin's Pistol)
The Welrod was designed in the early part of World War 2 after a very short development period by the British War Office. The...
Thumbnail picture of the Welrod (Assassin's Pistol)