Military Factory

World War 1 Guns and Other Small Arms (1914-1918)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 1/1/2016

Many cheered the arrival of war in Europe in August of 1914, expecting it to conclude by Christmas - and it did, only in November of 1918 after four years of brutal fighting.





There are a total of (95) World War 1 Guns (and other Small Arms) (1914-1918) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Weapons such as hand grenades and portable artillery are also featured. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1913
17cm mittlerer Minenwerfer
The 17cm mittlerer Minenwerfer was a portable mortar (or "mine projector") used by the Imperial Germ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 17cm mittlerer Minenwerfer

1910
25cm schwerer Minenwerfer
The Imperial German Army enlisted several "trench mortars" during the fighting of World War 1 (1914-... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 25cm schwerer Minenwerfer

1914
7.58cm Minenwerfer
All of the major military powers of World War 1 made extensive use of mortars throughout their vario... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 7.58cm Minenwerfer

1905
Arisaka Type 38
The Arisaka Type 38 (Rifle, Meiji 38th Year) was the standard rifle issued to the Imperial Japanese ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Arisaka Type 38

1912
Arisaka Type 44 Cavalry Rifle
The Type 44 Carbine (also known as the Type 44 "Cavalry Rifle") was a standardized Japanese Army bol... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Arisaka Type 44 Cavalry Rifle

1912
Bangalore Torpedo
The Bangalore Torpedo was a British invention seen just prior to World War 1 (1914-1918) and develop... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bangalore Torpedo

1915
Beretta Model 1915
The Beretta Model of 1915 was the beginning of the long-running and storied Beretta semi-automatic p... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Beretta Model 1915

1918
Beretta Model 1918
While the Italians developed and issued the first submachine gun in World War 1, it was hardly the q... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Beretta Model 1918

1918
Bergmann MP18/I (Maschinenpistole 18/I)
While much of the attention of early submachine guns is ultimately paid to the Germans and their MP1... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bergmann MP18/I (Maschinenpistole 18/I)

1890
Berthier Rifle (Series)
The bolt-action 8mm Model 1886 "Lebel" rifle was a French Army standard when introduced and proved a... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Berthier Rifle (Series)

1902
Browning Auto-5
One of American gunsmith John Moses Browning's most famous designs (and one of the most popular shot... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning Auto-5

1917
Browning M1917 (Model 1917)
The Browning M1917 machine gun became one of those rare weapons in American military history that we... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning M1917 (Model 1917)

1918
Browning M1918 BAR (Browning Automatic Rifle)
The M1918 BAR ("Browning Automatic Rifle") was born out of the World War One idea of a single soldie... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning M1918 BAR (Browning Automatic Rifle)

1900
Browning Model 1900 / FN M1900 / Browning No. 1
The Browning Model 1900 was John Browning's first successful pistol design, further solidifying an a... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning Model 1900 / FN M1900 / Browning No. 1

1903
Browning Model 1903 / FN M1903
The Fabrique Nationale FN Model 1903 was a solid, well-traveled pistol used in both World Wars. The ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning Model 1903 / FN M1903

1910
Browning Model 1910 / FN M1910
The Model 1910 was another successful John Browning firearms design that was initially produced by t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Browning Model 1910 / FN M1910

1892
Carcano Modello 1891 (M91)
The Carcano Modello 1891 (Model 1891) was the standard Italian Army service rifle of both World Wars... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Carcano Modello 1891 (M91)

1895
Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)
Convinced of the inherent value of machine guns based on experiences in the Spanish American War of ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)

1911
Colt M1911
The Colt model M1911 series of pistols is one of the most successful small arms designs of the 20th ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt M1911

1898
Colt Model 1898 (New Service)
In 1898, Colt Firearms unveiled a new six-shot revolver chambered for the .45 Colt cartridge as the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1898 (New Service)

1903
Colt Model 1903 (Pocket Hammerless)
The Colt Model 1903 Pocket Hammerless (or M1903) was a semi-automatic pistol from the long line of f... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1903 (Pocket Hammerless)

1917
Colt Model 1917
When the Americans formally entered World War 1 in 1917, they lacked much in the way of viable fight... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1917

1911
Davis Gun
Even as early as World War 1 (1914-1918) - the war that introduced the aircraft as a viable combat p... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Davis Gun

1915
F1 (Hand Grenade - France)
The F1 served the French Army through World War 1 and World War 2 as a standard anti-personnel fragm... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the F1 (Hand Grenade - France)

1915
Fedorov Avtomat M1916
While bolt-action rifles were the call of the day at the turn of the century and leading into World ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Fedorov Avtomat M1916

1914
FIAT-Revelli Modello 1914
The FIAT-Revelli Modello 1914 (Machine Gun, System Revelli, Model 14) was the first large-scale indi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the FIAT-Revelli Modello 1914

1915
FIAT-Revelli Modello 1915 (Villar Perosa)
The submachine gun was born in a World War 1 requirement seeking a high-volume weapon capable of cle... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the FIAT-Revelli Modello 1915 (Villar Perosa)

1917
Fusil Automatique Modele 1917 (Model 1917 RSC)
The culmination of work begun by French arms experts in the early 1900s produced the now-largely for... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Fusil Automatique Modele 1917 (Model 1917 RSC)

1915
Fusil-Mitrailleur Modele 1915 CSRG (Chauchat)
One of the most derided guns in military history - the French "Chauchat" light machine gun - receive... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Fusil-Mitrailleur Modele 1915 CSRG (Chauchat)

1915
Grenade, Hand No. 6
The British Army relied upon various hand grenades during World War 1 (1914-1918), some deemed succe... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Grenade, Hand No. 6

1915
Grenade, Hand No. 7
Because of the limited nature of the No. 6 concussion grenade as an anti-infantry measure during Wor... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Grenade, Hand No. 7

1909
Hotchkiss Model 1909 (Mle 1909 / Benet-Mercie)
Design of the M1909 was brought about by a new French requirement looking to provide ground elements... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Hotchkiss Model 1909 (Mle 1909 / Benet-Mercie)

1914
Hotchkiss Model 1914 (Mle 1914)
During the late 1800s, there only existed a few proven "true" machine gun concepts anywhere in the w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Hotchkiss Model 1914 (Mle 1914)

1889
Infantry Model 1889 (Belgian Mauser)
The Belgian Model 1889 "Mauser" became the first bolt-action service rifle of the Belgian Army. It w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Model 1889 (Belgian Mauser)

1915
Kongsberg M/1914 (Kongsberg Colt)
One of the most storied firearms in history remains the venerable American Colt M1911 .45 caliber se... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Kongsberg M/1914 (Kongsberg Colt)

1894
Krag-Jorgensen Model 1894
The Krag-Jorgensen was a bolt-action, repeat-fire rifle of Norwegian origin designed in the latter h... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Krag-Jorgensen Model 1894

1887
Lebel Model 1886
The Lebel Model 1886 (more formally as the "Fusil Modele 1886 ") was the standard infantry rifle of ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lebel Model 1886

1888
Lee Metford (Magazine Lee Metford / MLM)
After nearly a decade of development and trials, the British Army adopted the Lee-Metford (or "MLM" ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lee Metford (Magazine Lee Metford / MLM)

1895
Lee-Enfield (Series)
The Lee-Enfield series of rifles is one of the most successful bolt-action rifles of all time. First... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lee-Enfield (Series)

1914
Lewis Machine Gun
American Isaac Newton Lewis (1858-1931) served in the United States Army and lent his talents to inv... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lewis Machine Gun

1904
Luger P08 (Pistole Parabellum 1908 / Parabellum-Pistole)
The German P08 pistol (or "Pistole 1928" or "P'08" or "Luger") was one of the more famous German-bas... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Luger P08 (Pistole Parabellum 1908 / Parabellum-Pistole)

1917
M1917 Enfield (American Enfield)
Britain had already begun the task of replacing their Short Magazine Lee Enfield (SMLE) infantry rif... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1917 Enfield (American Enfield)

1886
Mannlicher Model 1886
The Mannlicher Model 1886 became the first service rifle of the Austro-Hungarian Army to feature a m... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1886

1888
Mannlicher Model 1888
The Mannlicher Model 1886 straight-pull bolt-action service rifle was the first such rifle adopted b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1888

1895
Mannlicher Model 1895
In the mid-1880s, the Austro-Hungarian Army sought to modernized their infantry regiments with a new... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1895

1900
Mannlicher Model 1900 (Series)
The Mannlicher Model 1900 series was consistent with the high-end craftsmanship coming out of Steyr.... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1900 (Series)

1894
Marlin Model 1894
The Marlin Firearms Company entered into the gun market during 1870 and made a name for itself by ma... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Marlin Model 1894

1871
Martini-Henry
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Martini-Henry

1892
MAS Modele 1892 (Lebel Revolver)
The MAS Modele 1892 revolver was selected by French military authorities to replace the aging MAS Mo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the MAS Modele 1892 (Lebel Revolver)

1918
Mauser 1918 T-Gewehr
By 1917, the German Army was forced to develop counter weapons once the British and French began unv... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser 1918 T-Gewehr

1896
Mauser C96
One of the most recognizable early-form semi-automatic pistols became the Mauser C96 series. The C96... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser C96

1888
Mauser Gewehr 88 (Gew 88 / Model 1888 Reichsgewehr)
To remedy their defeat at the hands of the German Empire and North German Confederation in the Franc... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Gewehr 88 (Gew 88 / Model 1888 Reichsgewehr)

1898
Mauser Gewehr 98 (Gew 98)
The Mauser Gewehr 98 (formally as the "Infantry Rifle Model 1898") was a manually operated, magazine... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Gewehr 98 (Gew 98)

1872
Mauser Model 1871
The Mauser brothers - Paul and Wilhelm - entered firearms history when their Mauser Model 1871 was a... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Model 1871

1908
Maxim MG08 (Maschinengewehr 08)
The Maxim MG08 (or "Maschinengewehr 08") was a copy of the original machine gun as developed by Sir ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Maxim MG08 (Maschinengewehr 08)

1917
Mk 1 (Hand Grenade)
The Mk 1 series fragmentation hand grenade was issued to American troops and led a rather short oper... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mk 1 (Hand Grenade)

1915
Mk 1 / Mills Grenade (Mills Bomb)
As World War broadened across Europe following the events of 1914, design work began on a new standa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mk 1 / Mills Grenade (Mills Bomb)

1918
Mk II / Mk 2 (Pineapple Hand Grenade)
The Mk II/Mk 2 series fragmentation grenade was the standard American Army infantry hand grenade fro... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mk II / Mk 2 (Pineapple Hand Grenade)

1917
Model 1917 Eihandgranate (Egg Grenade / Mle 1917)
The hand grenade truly came into its own as an infantry weapon during World War 1 (1914-1918). The G... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1917 Eihandgranate (Egg Grenade / Mle 1917)

1915
Model 24 Stielhandgranate (Stick Grenade / Potato Masher)
The Stielhandgranate was the quintessential hand grenade of the German Army in both World War 1 and ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Model 24 Stielhandgranate (Stick Grenade / Potato Masher)

1870
Modello 1870 Italian Vetterli
The 19th Century proved a critical one for the advancement of firearms. Up to this point, the flintl... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Modello 1870 Italian Vetterli

1900
Mondragon Rifle (Fusil Mondragon)
The Mondragon Rifle became one of the first semi-automatic service rifles to be adopted in quantity ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mondragon Rifle (Fusil Mondragon)

1891
Mosin-Nagant Model 1891
Like all other world powers of the late-1800s, the Russian Empire sought modernization in its milita... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mosin-Nagant Model 1891

1895
Nagant Model 1895 (M1895)
The Nagant Model of 1895 was a seven-shot service revolver developed in Belgium and adopted by the I... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Nagant Model 1895 (M1895)

1927
Nambu Type 14
Like the standard-issue rifles of the Imperial Japanese Army during the 1920s, the pistols of the IJ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Nambu Type 14

1915
No. 15 Ball Grenade
Because of the bogged-down nature of Trench Warfare fighting during World War 1 (1914-1918), it fell... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the No. 15 Ball Grenade

1915
No. 16 Oval Grenade
The No. 16 Oval Grenade was a follow-up to the No. 15 Ball Grenade of 1915. The No. 15 series was de... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the No. 16 Oval Grenade

1917
No. 34 Egg Grenade
In 1917, the British Army introduced a new hand grenade as the "No. 34". The No. 34 following the ne... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the No. 34 Egg Grenade

1916
Ordnance ML 9.45-inch Heavy Trench Mortar (Flying Pig)
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 9.45-inch Heavy Trench Mortar (Flying Pig)

1918
OVP Modello 1918 (Officine Villar Perosa)
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the OVP Modello 1918 (Officine Villar Perosa)

1891
Pistola a Rotazione Modello 1889 (Bodeo)
The Model 1889 "Bodeo" revolver served as the standard Italian Army service revolver for decades aft... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Pistola a Rotazione Modello 1889 (Bodeo)

1910
Pistola Automatica, Modello 1910 (Glisenti)
The Italian Army took on the Model 1910 Glisenti in an attempt to field a semi-automatic pistol to r... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Pistola Automatica, Modello 1910 (Glisenti)

1910
Pulemet Maksima Obrazets Model 1910 (PM Model 1910)
Like other turn-of-the-century world powers, the Russians adopted the famous Maxim Machine Gun - a w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Pulemet Maksima Obrazets Model 1910 (PM Model 1910)

1908
Remington Model 10 (M10)
Unlike other global firepowers, the United States was never shy about going to war with shotguns in ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 10 (M10)

1905
Remington Model 11 (M11 / Remington Autoloading Gun)
Famous American gunsmith John Moses Browning (1855-1926) had many of his popular rifle and shotgun d... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 11 (M11 / Remington Autoloading Gun)

1890
Rifle Model 1890 (Turkish Mauser)
In 1890, Turkish authorities ordered stocks of Mauser-based bolt-action rifles as the "Rifle Model 1... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Rifle Model 1890 (Turkish Mauser)

1905
Ross Rifle
An indigenous bolt-action service rifle of World War 1 to emerge from Canada - the "Ross Rifle" - wa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ross Rifle

1905
Schwarzlose MG
Prussian-German gunsmith Andreas Wilhelm Schwarzlose developed a line of machine guns that became th... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Schwarzlose MG

1893
Skoda MG (series)
Waffenwerke Skoda of Pilsen of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire developed what became a series of machi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Skoda MG (series)

1908
Smith & Wesson 1st Model New Century (Triple Lock)
In 1868, the storied firm of Smith & Wesson introduced their Model 3, a large-caliber, hinged-frame,... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson 1st Model New Century (Triple Lock)

1917
Smith & Wesson Model 1917
The revolver was the primary side arm in most every major world army during the mid-to-late 1800s an... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson Model 1917

1869
Smith & Wesson Model 3
Smith & Wesson was established in 1852 by Horace Smith and Daniel B. Wesson to center on the design ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson Model 3

1889
Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)
The famous ".38 Special" revolver was the Smith & Wesson Model 10 which first appeared in 1899 and w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)

1903
Springfield M1903 (Model 1903)
The M1903 "Springfield" bolt-action service rifle was the standard infantry rifle of the American Ar... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield M1903 (Model 1903)

1910
Stevens M520 (Model 520)
The Stevens Model 520 (M520) was a pump-action slide shotgun appearing around 1910. Its general form... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Stevens M520 (Model 520)

1907
Steyr Model 1907 (M1907)
The Roth-Steyr M07 (or "Model 07") holds the distinction of becoming the first self-loading pistol t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Steyr Model 1907 (M1907)

1912
Steyr Model 1912 (M1912) / (Steyr-Hahn)
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Steyr Model 1912 (M1912) / (Steyr-Hahn)

1915
Stokes Mortar (3-inch)
While mortars largely fell out of interest prior to World War 1, the stalemate of trench warfare for... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Stokes Mortar (3-inch)

1912
Vickers Machine Gun (Gun, Machine, Vickers, .303in, Mk 1)
Like most other medium support machine systems born around the turn of the century, the British Vick... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Machine Gun (Gun, Machine, Vickers, .303in, Mk 1)

1872
Webley Bull Dog
The British Webley Bull Dog pocket revolver was a small, powerful firearm that saw considerable comm... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Webley Bull Dog

1887
Webley Model 1887
The Webley service revolver first appeared in 1887 and manufactured under the P. Webley & Sons brand... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Webley Model 1887

1897
Winchester Model 1897
Famous American gunsmith John Moses Browning went to work for the Winchester Repeating Arms Company ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1897

1907
Winchester Model 1907
Fresh from a century that saw the Winchester Repeating Arms Company find success with its lever-acti... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1907

1912
Winchester Model 1912
Famous American gunsmith John Moses Browning partnered with the Winchester Repeating Arms Company be... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1912

1915
Winchester Model 1915
When the Russian Empire mobilized for World War in 1914, it lacked the stocks of service rifles for ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1915