Military Factory

Infantry Mortars

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 12/24/2015

The basic principles behind the mortar weapon system allow for relatively portable, indirect firepower to be brought into any offensive action.





Even before their large-scale use in World War 1 and World War 2, the mortar held a history dating as far back as the 18th Century. Mortars were designed as "indirect fire" weapons intended to lob projectiles against enemy positions that were protected by walls or natural coverage. The "lobbing" nature of the mortar ensured that the projectile would clear the obstruction and engage the enemy behind it. The use of mortars in combat was not as prevalent prior to World War 1 but the trench warfare nature of that conflict brought about its heavy use. As such, various-caliber mortars were in large-scale use by the end of the war. In World War 2, many pre-war designs were still en vogue while newer ones came into play. From then on, the mortar has remained a vital cog in the modern military machine.


There are a total of (42) Mortar Weapons in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1913
17cm mittlerer Minenwerfer
The 17cm mittlerer Minenwerfer was a portable mortar (or "mine projector") used by the Imperial Germ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 17cm mittlerer Minenwerfer

1910
25cm schwerer Minenwerfer
The Imperial German Army enlisted several "trench mortars" during the fighting of World War 1 (1914-... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 25cm schwerer Minenwerfer

1981
2B11 Sani (Sleigh)
The 120mm 2B11 "Sani" ("Sleigh") was adopted by the Soviet Army in 1981 as a replacement to the stor... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 2B11 Sani (Sleigh)

1970
2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower)
The mortar as a battlefield weapon has been a mainstay of militaries for decades. In 1970, the Sovie... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower)

1963
50mm Sky Horse
Since the Viet Cong forces of the Vietnam War (1955-1975) lacked a settled industrial base from whic... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 50mm Sky Horse

1936
5cm leichte Granatwerfer 36 (leGrW 36)
The 5-cm Granatwerfer 36 (abbreviated as "leGrW 36") was the standard light mortar utilized by the G... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 5cm leichte Granatwerfer 36 (leGrW 36)

1914
7.58cm Minenwerfer
All of the major military powers of World War 1 made extensive use of mortars throughout their vario... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 7.58cm Minenwerfer

1934
8cm schwere Granatwerfer 34 (GrW 34)
The 8-cm Granatwerfer 34 (GrW 34) - Heavy Grenade-Launcher Model 1934 - was a German Army favorite t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 8cm schwere Granatwerfer 34 (GrW 34)

1927
Brandt mle 27 (Mortier Brandt de 81mm modele 27)
The Brandt mle 27 mortar served various world powers (in some form or another) throughout the latter... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Brandt mle 27 (Mortier Brandt de 81mm modele 27)

1937
Brandt mle 35 (Mortier Brandt de 60mm modele 35)
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Brandt mle 35 (Mortier Brandt de 60mm modele 35)

1939
Brandt mle 37 (Mortier Brandt de 50mm modele 37)
The Brandt mle 37 (Model of 1937) Light Mortar was one of several mortar systems adopted by the Fren... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Brandt mle 37 (Mortier Brandt de 50mm modele 37)

1991
M120, 120mm Mortar
The M120 Mortar System is the Israeli Soltam K6 120mm heavy field mortar in United States Army servi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M120, 120mm Mortar

1937
M1937 82mm (82-PM 37)
The Soviet Union made use of several different mortar types throughout World War 2 covering calibers... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1937 82mm (82-PM 37)

1939
M1938 120mm (120-HM 38)
The M1938 120mm mortar was a field mortar system accepted into service with the Red Army in 1939. Th... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1938 120mm (120-HM 38)

1938
M1938 50mm (50-RM 38)
The Red Army put much faith into mortar strength to augment their infantry capabilities leading into... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1938 50mm (50-RM 38)

1940
M1940 50mm (50-RM 40)
The Soviet 50mm light infantry mortar of World War 2 (1939-1945) evolved along a singular line begin... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1940 50mm (50-RM 40)

1941
M1941 82mm (82-PM 41)
Like the other major military powers of World War 2, the Soviet Union went on to adopted various cal... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1941 82mm (82-PM 41)

1943
M1943 120mm (120-PM 43)
The Soviet Army of World War 2 (1939-1945) fielded a wide variety of mortar-class weapons during the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1943 120mm (120-PM 43)

1943
M1943 160mm (MT-13)
The M1943 (also known as the "MT-13") was a heavy field mortar utilized by the Soviet Army through t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M1943 160mm (MT-13)

1943
M2 4.2-inch (Goon Gun)
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M2 4.2-inch (Goon Gun)

1978
M224, 60mm Mortar
The M224 is the current portable mortar system in service with the United States Army and Marine Cor... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M224, 60mm Mortar

1987
M252, 81mm Mortar
The smoothbore, muzzle-loading M252 medium weight mortar system offers up accurate long-range indire... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M252, 81mm Mortar

1952
M29, 81mm Mortar
In 1952, the American government replaced the standard Army and Marine Corps 81mm service mortar of ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M29, 81mm Mortar

1989
MO-120 RT-61 (Mortier 120mm Raye Tracte Modele F1)
Every modern fighting land force has adopted some form of 120mm heavy field mortar. For the French A... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the MO-120 RT-61 (Mortier 120mm Raye Tracte Modele F1)

1935
Mortaio da 81/14 Modello 35
The Italian Army made use of two main mortar designs during World War 2 - the 45mm Modello 35 and th... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mortaio da 81/14 Modello 35

1935
Mortaio d'assalto 45/5 Brixia, Modello 35
Like all other modern militaries participating in World War 2, the Italian Army adopted a light infa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mortaio d'assalto 45/5 Brixia, Modello 35

1942
Mortar, 60mm M19
The M19 60mm mortar (the US equivalent to the British 2-inch) was developed during World War 2 for i... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mortar, 60mm M19

1940
Mortar, 60mm M2
The M2 60mm light mortar served US Army and Marine forces in World War 2 and through the Korean and ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mortar, 60mm M2

1935
Mortar, 81mm M1
The American M1 81mm Mortar, like the upcoming M2 60mm Mortar, was based on a French design by Edgar... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mortar, 81mm M1

1965
Ordnance L16 81mm
The original British Ordnance ML 3-inch Mortar of World War 2 proved its worth and then some through... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance L16 81mm

1938
Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar
The Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar Mk II was an infantry-based, squad-level mortar weapon system standard... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 2-inch Mortar

1925
Ordnance ML 3-inch Mortar
Among several of the unsung British war weapons to see action in World War 2 was the Ordnance, ML Mo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 3-inch Mortar

1942
Ordnance ML 4.2-inch Mortar
In attempting to keep step with the German Army and its successes during the early stages of World W... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 4.2-inch Mortar

1916
Ordnance ML 9.45-inch Heavy Trench Mortar (Flying Pig)
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance ML 9.45-inch Heavy Trench Mortar (Flying Pig)

1955
Soltam K5 (M65)
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Soltam K5 (M65)

1915
Stokes Mortar (3-inch)
While mortars largely fell out of interest prior to World War 1, the stalemate of trench warfare for... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Stokes Mortar (3-inch)

1921
Type 10, 50mm Grenade Discharger
The 50mm Type 10 was the first of two primary "light mortars" to serve with the Imperial Japanese Ar... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Type 10, 50mm Grenade Discharger

1943
Type 31 60mm
The Chinese Type 31 series of light 60mm infantry mortar was an indigenous copy of the American M2 6... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Type 31 60mm

1929
Type 89, 50mm Grenade Discharger
The Type 89 "Grenade Discharger" was another of Imperial Japan's "light mortar" systems utilized thr... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Type 89, 50mm Grenade Discharger

1935
Type 94 90mm
The Type 94 infantry mortar was a large-caliber field weapon of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) tha... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Type 94 90mm

1937
Type 97 81mm
The Imperial Japanese Army made use of various lobbed ordnance weapon systems throughout World War 2... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Type 97 81mm

1937
Type 97 90mm (mortar)
In an effort to reduce production costs and speed up delivery, the Type 97 mortar of 1937 was develo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Type 97 90mm (mortar)