Military Factory

Guns from 1800 to 1899

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 12/16/2015

The Industrial Revolution begat all new manufacture processes concerning gunsmithing and cartridge ammunition, changing battlefield tactics of the wars to follow.





There are a total of (109) Firearms from 1800 to 1899 in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1848
Allen & Thurber Single-Shot
The Allen & Thurber single-shot pistol was developed for competition shooting. It was a single-shot ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Allen & Thurber Single-Shot

1860
Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech
The Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech Rifle saw limited service in the American Civil War and only then w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech

1801
Baker Rifle (Baker Infantry Rifle)
British Army authorities garnered much experience from its battles in the American Revolutionary War... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Baker Rifle (Baker Infantry Rifle)

1890
Berthier Rifle (Series)
The bolt-action 8mm Model 1886 "Lebel" rifle was a French Army standard when introduced and proved a... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Berthier Rifle (Series)

1861
Bridesburg Model 1861
The Bridesburg Model 1861 rifle-musket was produced for the US government during the American Civil ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bridesburg Model 1861

1863
Bridesburg Model 1863
The Bridesburg Model 1863 was a follow-up to the Bridesburg Model 1861. The rifle-musket was produce... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bridesburg Model 1863

1856
Burnside Carbine
The Burnside Carbine was a popular carbine rifle fielded across all of the major battlefronts of the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Burnside Carbine

1892
Carcano Modello 1891 (M91)
The Carcano Modello 1891 (Model 1891) was the standard Italian Army service rifle of both World Wars... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Carcano Modello 1891 (M91)

1895
Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)
Convinced of the inherent value of machine guns based on experiences in the Spanish American War of ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)

1848
Colt Model 1848 (Baby Dragoon)
The success of the Colt Model 1848 "Dragoon" line (described in a separate entry) prompted Samuel Co... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1848 (Baby Dragoon)

1848
Colt Model 1848 (Dragoon)
The Colt Model 1848 "Dragoon" (meaning "Dragon" in French) was another design by famed American guns... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1848 (Dragoon)

1849
Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver
The Colt Model 1849 "Pocket Revolver" was Colt's answer when replacing their "Baby Dragoon" series o... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver

1851
Colt Model 1851 Navy
At the end of the 1840's Samuel Colt was hard at work designing a new revolver of .36 caliber, this ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1851 Navy

1855
Colt Model 1855 (Root Revolver)
Early Colt revolvers operated from what was known as an "open frame" design meaning that there was n... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1855 (Root Revolver)

1855
Colt Model 1855 Revolving Carbine
The Colt Revolving Rifle of 1855 - aptly named the "Model 1855" - was an attempt to provide the repe... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1855 Revolving Carbine

1860
Colt Model 1860 New Army
Colt brought about their New Army Model revolver in 1860 and it quickly proved itself the definitive... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1860 New Army

1861
Colt Model 1861 Navy
Design of the Colt Model 1861 Navy was not unlike Colt's previous "Navy" offering - the Model 1851 N... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1861 Navy

1862
Colt Model 1862 Pocket Navy
The success of the original Colt Model 1851 Navy (sold in 215,000 examples) provided the foundation ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1862 Pocket Navy

1862
Colt Model 1862 Police
The Colt Model 1862 Police percussion revolver was intended for security personnel and followed the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1862 Police

1898
Colt Model 1898 (New Service)
In 1898, Colt Firearms unveiled a new six-shot revolver chambered for the .45 Colt cartridge as the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1898 (New Service)

1873
Colt Single Action Army (Colt 45 / Peacemaker)
The Colt firearms firm certainly hit its stride in the 1800s, helped no doubt by the American Civil ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Single Action Army (Colt 45 / Peacemaker)

1861
Colt Special Model 1861
The Colt Special Model 1861 Musket was nothing more than a retooled version of the Springfield Model... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Special Model 1861

1847
Colt Walker
Captain Samuel Hamilton Walker (1817-1847) served as a Texas Ranger and within the US military throu... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Walker

1860
Cook & Brother Carbine
The Cook & Brother Carbine was another in the long line of muzzle-loading muskets utilized in the gr... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Cook & Brother Carbine

1860
Cooper Pocket Double Action
Many firearms manufacturers of the late 1800s were overshadowed by the likes of Colt and Remington b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Cooper Pocket Double Action

1862
Cosmopolitan Carbine
The Cosmopolitan Carbine was a percussion-based carbine firearm produced out of the Cosmopolitan Arm... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Cosmopolitan Carbine

1825
Deringer (Derringer Pocket Pistol)
The word "derringer" was a generic name for super-compact pistols of the 19th Century. The title ste... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Deringer (Derringer Pocket Pistol)

1842
Deringer Model 1842 Navy
Henry Deringer was well-known for his pocket pistols to the point that many eventually carried the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Deringer Model 1842 Navy

1850
Devisme Percussion Revolver
F.P. Devisme was a highly skilled weapons maker based in Paris, France. While not exclusively known ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Devisme Percussion Revolver

1862
Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle
Confederate arms suppliers of the American Civil War utilized whatever means to supply their army wh... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle

1879
Dreyse Reichsrevolver Model 1879 (Trooper / Cavalry Model)
The Reichsrevolver ("Government Revolver") Model 1879 (also known as the "Trooper" or Cavalry" model... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Dreyse Reichsrevolver Model 1879 (Trooper / Cavalry Model)

1883
Dreyse Reichsrevolver Model 1883 (Officer / Infantry Model)
Introduced in 1883, the Model 1883 Reichsrevolver served as a standard-issue sidearm with the Imperi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Dreyse Reichsrevolver Model 1883 (Officer / Infantry Model)

1880
Enfield Mk I / Mk II
The Enfield Mk I/Mk II series of service revolvers appeared late in the 19th Century amidst a period... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Enfield Mk I / Mk II

1853
Enfield Model 1853
The Enfield Pattern 1853 (or .577 Enfield) rifle-musket was the standard-issue musket of the British... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Enfield Model 1853

1820
Francotte Pinfire
The Francotte Pinfire Revolver was Belgian in origin, work completed by the firm of A. Francotte a L... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Francotte Pinfire

1898
Gasser & Rast Model 1898
The Gasser & Rast Model 1898 service revolver was a handgun utilized by the Austro-Hungarian Army at... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Gasser & Rast Model 1898

1870
Gasser Model 1870 Army Service
The Gasser Model 1870 Army Service pistol became the standard sidearm of cavalry units in service to... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Gasser Model 1870 Army Service

1861
Gatling Gun Model 1861
Richard Gatling patented his ferocious weapon in the early 1860s and the type was subsequently used ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Gatling Gun Model 1861

1803
Harpers Ferry Model 1803
While the Harpers Ferry Model 1795 was America's first smoothbore musket to be produced in number th... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1803

1805
Harpers Ferry Model 1805
The Harpers Ferry Model 1805 was a flintlock pistol produced out of Harpers Ferry Armory in West Vir... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1805

1816
Harpers Ferry Model 1816
Harpers Ferry became America's second national armory after the site was personally selected by Geor... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1816

1841
Harpers Ferry Model 1841 (Mississippi Rifle)
For much of America's early past, the federal Army relied on two arsenals of note - the Springfield ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1841 (Mississippi Rifle)

1857
Harpers Ferry Model 1855
The Harpers Ferry Model 1855 percussion-based rifle-musket saw considerable use during the American ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1855

1813
Henry Model 1813 Navy
Between June of 1813 and August of 1814, Joseph Henry of Philadelphia was contracted to deliver 600 ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Henry Model 1813 Navy

1860
Henry Model 1860
While not the "perfect" lever-action repeating rifle, the Henry Rifle was the revolutionary culminat... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Henry Model 1860

1889
Infantry Model 1889 (Belgian Mauser)
The Belgian Model 1889 "Mauser" became the first bolt-action service rifle of the Belgian Army. It w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Model 1889 (Belgian Mauser)

1860
J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle
J.F. Brown of Haverhill, Massachusetts produced a line of high-quality target/sniper rifles during t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle

1836
Johnson Model 1836
The Johnson Model 1836 was a high-quality flintlock pistol produced for the US government in a batch... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Johnson Model 1836

1894
Krag-Jorgensen Model 1894
The Krag-Jorgensen was a bolt-action, repeat-fire rifle of Norwegian origin designed in the latter h... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Krag-Jorgensen Model 1894

1887
Lebel Model 1886
The Lebel Model 1886 (more formally as the "Fusil Modele 1886 ") was the standard infantry rifle of ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lebel Model 1886

1888
Lee Metford (Magazine Lee Metford / MLM)
After nearly a decade of development and trials, the British Army adopted the Lee-Metford (or "MLM" ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lee Metford (Magazine Lee Metford / MLM)

1895
Lee-Enfield (Series)
The Lee-Enfield series of rifles is one of the most successful bolt-action rifles of all time. First... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lee-Enfield (Series)

1823
Lefaucheux 20-Round
The Lefaucheux 20-Round was one of the notable attempts at designing a revolver that offered the ope... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lefaucheux 20-Round

1854
Lefaucheux Model 1854
Frenchman Casimir Lefaucheux developed the "pinfire" metallic cartridge from the late 1820s into the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lefaucheux Model 1854

1861
LeMat (Grape Shot Revolver)
The "LeMat" was an American Civil War (1861-1865) revolver emerging from the resources-strapped Conf... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the LeMat (Grape Shot Revolver)

1869
Liege Model 1869
The pinfire method for firearms was credited to Frenchman Casimir Lefaucheux and patented in 1835. T... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Liege Model 1869

1860
Lindsay Model 1860
The Lindsay Model 1860 two-shot percussion pistol was a workaround against the revolver patents held... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lindsay Model 1860

1863
Lindsay Model 1863 U.S. Double Rifle
Since the arrival of firearms, gunsmiths have gone down various avenues in an attempt to supply the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lindsay Model 1863 U.S. Double Rifle

1854
Lorenz Model 1854 / Model 1862 (Lorenz Rifle)
The Lorenz Rifle was designed and developed by a lieutenant in the Austrian Army, Joseph Lorenz, and... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lorenz Model 1854 / Model 1862 (Lorenz Rifle)

1859
Manhattan Navy
Manhattan Firearms Company was established by a committee of businessmen in 1856 in preparation for ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Manhattan Navy

1886
Mannlicher Model 1886
The Mannlicher Model 1886 became the first service rifle of the Austro-Hungarian Army to feature a m... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1886

1888
Mannlicher Model 1888
The Mannlicher Model 1886 straight-pull bolt-action service rifle was the first such rifle adopted b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1888

1895
Mannlicher Model 1895
In the mid-1880s, the Austro-Hungarian Army sought to modernized their infantry regiments with a new... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1895

1894
Marlin Model 1894
The Marlin Firearms Company entered into the gun market during 1870 and made a name for itself by ma... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Marlin Model 1894

1871
Martini-Henry
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Martini-Henry

1873
MAS Modele 1873 / Modele 1874
The pistol as a military sidearm generally existed as an afterthought in the "Gentlemen Wars" of the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the MAS Modele 1873 / Modele 1874

1892
MAS Modele 1892 (Lebel Revolver)
The MAS Modele 1892 revolver was selected by French military authorities to replace the aging MAS Mo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the MAS Modele 1892 (Lebel Revolver)

1896
Mauser C96
One of the most recognizable early-form semi-automatic pistols became the Mauser C96 series. The C96... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser C96

1888
Mauser Gewehr 88 (Gew 88 / Model 1888 Reichsgewehr)
To remedy their defeat at the hands of the German Empire and North German Confederation in the Franc... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Gewehr 88 (Gew 88 / Model 1888 Reichsgewehr)

1898
Mauser Gewehr 98 (Gew 98)
The Mauser Gewehr 98 (formally as the "Infantry Rifle Model 1898") was a manually operated, magazine... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Gewehr 98 (Gew 98)

1872
Mauser Model 1871
The Mauser brothers - Paul and Wilhelm - entered firearms history when their Mauser Model 1871 was a... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Model 1871

1860
Maynard Carbine
New Jersey dentist Dr. Edward Maynard (1813-1891) lent his talents to developing a new primer system... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Maynard Carbine

1863
Merrill Model 1863 (Merrill Carbine)
Beyond the notable pistols and long guns featured in the American Civil War (1861-1865), the carbine... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Merrill Model 1863 (Merrill Carbine)

1864
Metropolitan Navy Model 1864
In 1864, Colt's East Armory erupted into flames which destroyed all but two of its buildings. The ev... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Metropolitan Navy Model 1864

1865
Miller Model 1861
The Springfield Model 1861 rifle musket was produced in over 1 million examples during and after the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Miller Model 1861

1819
Model 1819 Hall Rifle
John Harris Hall (1781-1841) proved a potent inventor and forward-thinking gunsmith during his time.... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1819 Hall Rifle

1866
Model 1866 Peabody Carbine
Henry O. Peabody of Boston, Massachusetts patented a new breech-loading, downward- tilting, lever-op... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1866 Peabody Carbine

1891
Model 1891 (Argentine Mauser)
Once perfected beyond their early offerings, German Mauser bolt-action rifles proliferated the firea... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1891 (Argentine Mauser)

1870
Modello 1870 Italian Vetterli
The 19th Century proved a critical one for the advancement of firearms. Up to this point, the flintl... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Modello 1870 Italian Vetterli

1891
Mosin-Nagant Model 1891
Like all other world powers of the late-1800s, the Russian Empire sought modernization in its milita... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mosin-Nagant Model 1891

1895
Nagant Model 1895 (M1895)
The Nagant Model of 1895 was a seven-shot service revolver developed in Belgium and adopted by the I... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Nagant Model 1895 (M1895)

1882
Ordnance Revolver Model 1882
The Ordnance Revolver Model 1882 was a Swiss attempt at making a lighter revolver for its Army. The ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance Revolver Model 1882

1865
Palmer Model 1865
The Palmer Model 1865 Carbine was manufactured under the E.G. Lamson & Company brand label to a W. P... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Palmer Model 1865

1891
Pistola a Rotazione Modello 1889 (Bodeo)
The Model 1889 "Bodeo" revolver served as the standard Italian Army service revolver for decades aft... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Pistola a Rotazione Modello 1889 (Bodeo)

1850
Remington Model 1841 (Mississippi Rifle)
The Remington gun company of today holds a long and illustrious history dating back to its founding ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1841 (Mississippi Rifle)

1861
Remington Model 1858 Army
Remington Arms gained considerable popularity during the American Civil War (1861-1865) with their l... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1858 Army

1861
Remington Model 1861 Army
Used almost as widely as the Colt Model 1860 New Model Army revolver, the Remington Model 1861 Army ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1861 Army

1862
Remington Model 1861 Navy
Remington produced their similar Model 1861 Navy based on the successful and well-liked Model 1861 A... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1861 Navy

1875
Remington Model 1875 New Army
The Remington Model 1875 New Army followed the form and function of the successful Model 1858 which ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1875 New Army

1890
Rifle Model 1890 (Turkish Mauser)
In 1890, Turkish authorities ordered stocks of Mauser-based bolt-action rifles as the "Rifle Model 1... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Rifle Model 1890 (Turkish Mauser)

1867
Sharps Model 1867 (Carbine)
Christian Sharps initially spent time under the employ of other firearms manufacturers that included... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Sharps Model 1867 (Carbine)

1893
Skoda MG (series)
Waffenwerke Skoda of Pilsen of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire developed what became a series of machi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Skoda MG (series)

1869
Smith & Wesson Model 3
Smith & Wesson was established in 1852 by Horace Smith and Daniel B. Wesson to center on the design ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson Model 3

1889
Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)
The famous ".38 Special" revolver was the Smith & Wesson Model 10 which first appeared in 1899 and w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)

1860
Spencer Rifle / Carbine
Christopher Spencer (1833-1922) proved an inventor at heart and one of his most storied creations be... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Spencer Rifle / Carbine

1817
Springfield Model 1817
The Springfield Model 1817 Type 1 was a flintlock pistol produced out of the Springfield Armory in S... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield Model 1817

1861
Springfield Model 1861
At the beginning of the American Civil War, both the North and the South relied heavily on imported ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield Model 1861

1858
Starr Model 1858 / Model 1863
Requiring all manner of firearms during the American Civil War (1861-1865), the United States govern... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Starr Model 1858 / Model 1863

1836
Waters Model 1836
The Waters Model 1836 flintlock pistol was delivered by Asa Waters & Company out of their Millbury, ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Waters Model 1836

1872
Webley Bull Dog
The British Webley Bull Dog pocket revolver was a small, powerful firearm that saw considerable comm... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Webley Bull Dog

1887
Webley Model 1887
The Webley service revolver first appeared in 1887 and manufactured under the P. Webley & Sons brand... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Webley Model 1887

1861
Whitney Model 1861 Navy
After Samuel Colt's revolving cylinder firearms patent expired in 1857, a slew of competitors swoope... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Whitney Model 1861 Navy

1857
Whitworth Rifle
Sir Joseph Henry Whitworth developed a twisted, hexagonal barreled rifle-musket when attempting to b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Whitworth Rifle

1866
Winchester Model 1866
While the lever-action repeating Henry Rifle of 1860 proved revolutionary in its own right, it still... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1866

1873
Winchester Model 1873
The Model 1873 was one of the early legends of the burgeoning American firearms industry and a model... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1873

1876
Winchester Model 1876
With the arrival of evermore powerful centerfire cartridges appearing on the firearms front, it was ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1876

1892
Winchester Model 1892
Beginning in 1883, fabled American gunsmith John Moses Browning lent his talents - through a partner... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1892

1895
Winchester Model 1895 Lee (Navy Lee)
The Winchester Lee Model 1895 rifle (Model 1895) was based on the works of James Paris Lee (1831-190... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1895 Lee (Navy Lee)

1897
Winchester Model 1897
Famous American gunsmith John Moses Browning went to work for the Winchester Repeating Arms Company ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1897