Guns 1800 - 1899
The Industrial Revolution begat all new manufacture processes concerning gunsmithing and cartridge ammunition, changing battlefield tactics of the wars to follow.
The 1800s saw a bevy of firearms advancements appear - the Percussion Cap, catridged ammunition, smokeless powder - and many wars to prove these developments sound. In time, the repeating, breech-loaded firearm would prevail over the single-shot, muzzle-loading types of old and the battlefields would never be the same with the advent, and proper tactical use, of the machine gun. Many turn-of-the-century small arms would remain in play at the time of World War 1 in 1914 with many world powers scurrying to modernize in the face of total war - though some still left fighting with weapons of a bygone century.
There are a total of (107) Firearms from 1800 to 1899 in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by alphanumeric order descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin.
This Allen & Thurber design was a peculiar-looking single-shot pistol intended for competition.
Production of the Allen & Wheelock drop breech rifle spanned from 1860 to 1871
The Baker Rifle became the first of many standardized long guns in service to the British Crown when adopted in 1800.
The Berthier Rifle line saw an amazing service run from 1890 to the 1960s with over 2 million guns produced.
The Bridesburg Model 1861 reached 5,000 production examples per month during its peak for the US government.
The Bridesburg Model 1863 was essentially the Bridesburg Model 1861 with some minor improvements.
The Burnside Carbine found its way onto many battlefields of the Civil War, utilizing a special .54 caliber cartridge designed specifically for the weapon itself.
The Carcano Modello 1891 service rifle was in constant production from 1892 to 1945 and saw service in both World Wars.
The Colt-Browning M1895 - the Potato Digger - mated the movement of a lever-action rifle with gas-operated power to produce a new type of air-cooled machine gun.
The Model 1848 Baby Dragoon was intended for the civilian market as a lighter-weight, more compact form of the full-sized military-minded Dragoon model of 1948.
Production of the Colt Model 1848 Dragoon lasted from 1848 to 1860 and these weapons saw use in the American Civil War.
The Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver succeeded the Baby Dragoon series and was produced to the tune of some 336,000 examples.
The Colt 1851 Navy revolver became one of the most popular handguns ever produced, seeing totals reach some 250,000 examples by 1873.
The Colt Model 1855 - otherwise known as the Root Revolver - was the first Colt revolver to feature a solid frame design.
The United States government purchased over 4,400 Colt Model 1855 revolving carbine rifles during the American Civil War.
The Colt New Army Model 1860 revolver was produced in the hundreds of thousands during the American Civil War.
Some 39,000 examples of the Colt 1861 Navy revolver were produced.
The Colt Model 1861 Pocket Navy was more or less a smaller version of the successful Model 1851 Navy sold a decade prior.
28,000 Colt Model 1862 Police revolvers were produced in the span of 1861 to 1873, many pressed into service during the American Civil War.
The Colt New Service existed under several notable guises and was produced to the tune of some 356,000 examples.
Concerning the American Wild West, the Colt Single Action Army revolver became the stuff of legend.
The Colt Special Model 1861 musket was nothing more than a retooled Springfield Model 1861 manufactured on Enfield machinery.
The massive and powerful Colt Walker was originally designated a pistol by the US Army Ordnance Department for its personnel had never come across a revolver before then.
The Cook & Brother Carbine of 1860 was one of the few Confederate firearms produced in the South.
The Cooper Pocket percussion revolver utilized a double-action method, unlike other single-action guns of the day
The Cosmopolitan Carbine was the standard issue weapon of the Illinois 5th and 6th Cavalry Regiments in the American Civil War.
Derringer - note double R - became the generic name for a class of concealable small pistols following the original Deringer-family designs.
The Deringer Model 1842 Navy percussion pistol became the first US government-purchased pistol to feature a percussion cap action and rifled barrel design.
The Devisme percussion revolver was produced and decorated to the highest of standards.
The Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle was based on the flintlock Model 1814 long gun, modified to a percussion-based action during the American Civil War.
The Enfield Mk series service revolvers saw short-lived use with British Army and Canadian North-West Mounted Police.
The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle musket fired the same ammunition as the .58 Springfield rifle musket.
The well-made Francotte Pinfire revolver was designed by August Francotte out of Liege, Belgium.
The Gasser & Rast Model 1898 revolver was accepted into service with the Austro-Hungarian Army.
The Model 1870 was the standard sidearm of Austro-Hungarian cavalry units.
Ironically, Dr. Gatling originally designed his Gatling Gun for the purpose of reducing the size of modern armies and, in turn, reducing the number of battlefield deaths.
Harpers Ferry Model 1803 Rifle production reached nearly 20,000 units from 1803 to 1819.
The Model 1805 became the first American pistol to be manufactured by a US military arsenal.
The Harpers Ferry Model 1816 was the most-produced flintlock in American history - totals reaching 675,000.
The Harpers Ferry Model 1841 Mississippi Rifle saw use beginning in the Seminole Wars and continuing on into the American Civil War.
The Harpers Ferry Model 1855 rifle-musket was produced in nearly 60,000 examples from 1857 to 1861 before the armory equipment was lost to Confederate forces.
The Henry Model 1813 Navy pistol was known to be carried into battle by US Navy hero Oliver Hazard Perry during the War of 1812.
Roughly 14,000 of the revolutionary Henry Rifles were produced from the 1850s up to 1866.
The Model 1889 was nothing more than the proven German Mauser modified to suit Belgian Army needs.
The J.F. Brown Target-Sniper Rifle design was a rather advanced design for its time and issued to highly-trained sharpshooters during the American Civil War.
The Johnson Model 1836 was sold to the US government by way of contract for nine dollars a pistol.
The Krag-Jorgensen repeat-fire bolt-action rifle was eventually adopted by Norway, the United States and Denmark as their standard army service rifle.
The revolutionary Lebel 8mm bolt-action rifle served the French from 1887 to 1936, becoming the standard French infantry rifle of World War 1.
Despite a relatively short service life with the British Empire, the Lee-Metford was produced across several major variants.
The fabulous Lee-Enfield rifle served the British Empire from 1895 through 1957.
This Lefaucheux revolver tried to make use of twenty 7.65mm cartridges firing from a double-barrel arrangement.
The Lefaucheux Model 1854 was featured in the American Civil War between the North and South.
The twin-barrel, nine-shot LeMat service revolver achieved fame during the American Civil War - sporting a second barrel firing 16-gauge buckshot.
The Liege Model 1869 pinfire revolver could accept an ungainly bayonet configuration slung underneath the barrel by way of a mounting lug.
New York inventor John P. Lindsay developed his 1860 Twin-Shot pistol to provide for a psuedo-repeating firing action as a workaround for Colt revolver patents.
The Model 1863 Double was an attempt by J.P. Lindsay Mfg Co to provide a dual-shot design to a single-barrel rifle musket.
The Lorenz Rifle rifled musket managed its way in several European conflicts and found use as the third most quantitative long gun of the American Civil War.
After Colt patents had expired, firms like the Manhattan Firearms Company copied successful Colt revolver designs such as the Navy.
The Mannlicher Model 1886 was, in effect, doomed by the arrival of the smokeless powder cartridge adopted by the French and their Lebel series.
The Mannlicher Model 1888 was developed in response to the French adoption of the 8mm smokeless powder cartridge which made many existing service rifles obsolete.
The Mannlicher Model 1895 was a refined form of the Model 1886 and survived both World War 1 and World War 2.
The Modele 1873 became the first centerfire and Double-Action revolver to reach service with the French Army.
The Modele 1892 was designed as an all-new replacement for the Model 1873 and Model 1874 revolvers and fired a new smokeless cartridge.
The Mauser C96 saw combat service through World War 1, World War 2, the Korean War and the Vietnam War among other conflicts.
The Mauser Gew 88 series of bolt-action service rifles were one of two such weapons stocked in the German inventory during World War 1, the other being the Gew 98.
The Gewehr 98 was the standard German infantry rifle from 1898 up until 1935 and saw combat action from World War 1 into World War 2.
The Mauser Model 1871 was the beginning of the Mauser bolt-action rifle legend.
Over 20,000 of the Maynard Carbine breech-loading guns were produced and these saw service in the American Civil War.
The Merrill Carbine was a weapon serving both Union and Confederate cavalry forces during the American Civil War.
When the Colt East Armory was lost to fire during the American Civil War, Metropolitan Arms took to producing copies of the Colt Navy revolver.
The Miller Model 1861 was the Springfield Model 1861 Rifle-Musket converted from muzzle-loading to breech-loading using the patented Miller conversion block arrangement.
Despite its 1819 appearance, the Hall Rifle managed to see limited use in the American Civil War of the 1860s.
Though developed during the final fighting of the American Civil War, the Peabody Carbine saw more success overseas in the post-war years.
The Model 1891 Argentine Mauser was the Model 1889 Belgian Mauser by way of the Model 1890 Turkish Mauser.
The Swiss-based Model 1870 Italian Vetterli began life as a single-shot rifle until the late-1870s when a repeat-fire function was added.
The Mosin-Nagant M1891 bolt-action rifle was developed by a Russian-Belgium design team and produced in over 37,000,000 examples.
Over 2 million copies of the famous Russian/Soviet Nagant Model of 1895 service revolver were eventually produced into 1945.
The Model 1882 was designed around an all-new 7.5x23R cartridge, both developed by Lieutenant-Colonel Rudolf Schmidt.
Patented in 1863, the Palmer Model 1865 bolt-action carbine arrived too late to see action in the American Civil War.
The Model 1889 Bodeo revolver entered the Italian Army inventory in 1891 and continued service through to the end of World War 2 in 1945.
The Model 1879 Reichsrevolver was born out of a German military modernization program.
The Model 1883 Reichsrevolver was essentially the Model 1879 produced to a higher officer standard.
The Remington Model 1841 was the Remington take on the classic Model 1841 Mississippi Rifle originally produced by the Harpers Ferry arsenal.
The Remington Model 1858 proved hugely popular during the American Civil War for its inherent structural strength, firepower and reliability.
The Remington Model 1861 proved as popular as the 1860 New Model Army Colt.
Roughly 7,000 of the Remington Model 1861 Navy revolver were produced, many seeing heavy action in the American Civil War.
Despite the strong Remington revolver pedigree, the Model 1875 New Army could not compete with the popular Colt Peacemaker line.
The Turkish Model 1890 service rifle was nothing more than the German Mauser Model 1887 by way of the Belgian Mauser Model 1889.
Over 100,000 Sharps carbines and rifles were produced from the period running 1850 to 1881.
The Skoda Model 1909 water-cooled machine gun failed to mach the reliability of the competing Schwarzlose Model 1907 design for the Austro-Hungarian Army.
The Smith & Wesson Model 3 was given several useful qualities in its design including an ejector system which cleared all six chambers at once.
The .38 Special was - and continues to be - a no-frills and popular revolver entry despite its 1899 origins.
The famous Spencer Rifle allowed a repeat-fire action by way of a lever and seven-round tube magazine.
The Model 1817 emerged from the burgeoning Armory at Springfield, Massachusetts.
The .58 Caliber Springfield musket was the first rifle to feature iron sights.
The Starr Revolver saw limited service during the American Civil War in both Single- and Double-Action forms.
The Model 1836 arrived at the tail-end of the flintlock-era, soon to be replaced in history by the percussion cap.
The Webley Bull Dog Pocket Revolver proved popular with civilians living out on the wild frontiers of the late 1800s.
The long-running Webley Service Revolver series began in 1887 and saw consistent service into the Cold War years.
One of the first efficient solid-framed revolvers of the period was the Whitney Navy percussion revolver.
The British hexagonal rifled Whitworth rifle-musket - rejected at home - found service with Confederate forces during the America Civil War.
The Winchester Model 1866 was THE original Winchester lever-action rifle, addressing the limitations of the preceding Henry Rifle.
The Winchester Model 1873 Rifle is oft-termed as the Gun That Won The West.
The Winchester Model 1876 was brought along to fulfill the need for a rifle to fire a bevy of new and more powerful cartridges appearing on the scene.
Over 1 million Winchester Model 1892 rifles were produced from 1892 to 1938.
Its unique cam-action, coupled with reliability problems, ensured just 15,000 of the expected 100,000 Winchester Model 1895 Lee rifles were ever produced.
The Winchester Model 1897 pump-action slide shotgun was a further refinement of the John Browning-designed Winchester Model 1893 slide-action series.
MORE GUNS AND STUFF: [ SHOW / HIDE ]