Military Factory
Military Factory

Guns 1800 - 1899

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 3/28/2014

The Industrial Revolution begat all new manufacture processes concerning gunsmithing and cartridge ammunition, changing battlefield tactics of the wars to follow.

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There are a total of 100 Firearms from 1800 to 1899 in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1848
Allen & Thurber Single-Shot
The Allen & Thurber single-shot pistol was developed for competition shooting. It was a single-shot pistol based on the percu...
Thumbnail picture of the Allen & Thurber Single-Shot

1860
Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech
The Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech Rifle saw limited service in the American Civil War and only then were they acquired through...
Thumbnail picture of the Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech

1861
Bridesburg Model 1861
The Bridesburg Model 1861 rifle-musket was produced for the US government during the American Civil War. Production was handl...
Thumbnail picture of the Bridesburg Model 1861

1863
Bridesburg Model 1863
The Bridesburg Model 1863 was a follow-up to the Bridesburg Model 1861. The rifle-musket was produced by the Bridesburg Machi...
Thumbnail picture of the Bridesburg Model 1863

1856
Burnside Carbine
The Burnside Carbine was a popular carbine rifle fielded across all of the major battlefronts of the American Civil War. The ...
Thumbnail picture of the Burnside Carbine

1892
Carcano Modello 1891 (M91)
The Carcano Modello 1891 (Model 1891) was the standard Italian Army service rifle of both World Wars. The design emerged from...
Thumbnail picture of the Carcano Modello 1891 (M91)

1895
Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)
Convinced of the inherent value of machine guns based on experiences in the Spanish American War of 1898 (and not wholly sold...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Browning M1895 (Potato Digger)

1848
Colt Model 1848 (Baby Dragoon)
The success of the Colt Model 1848 "Dragoon" line (described in a separate entry) prompted Samuel Colt to design a civilian-m...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1848 (Baby Dragoon)

1848
Colt Model 1848 (Dragoon)
The Colt Model 1848 "Dragoon" (meaning "Dragon" in French) was another design by famed American gunsmith Samuel Colt and went...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1848 (Dragoon)

1849
Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver
The Colt Model 1849 "Pocket Revolver" was Colt's answer when replacing their "Baby Dragoon" series of guns. Unbeknownst to Co...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver

1851
Colt Model 1851 Navy
At the end of the 1840's Samuel Colt was hard at work designing a new revolver of .36 caliber, this design becoming the famou...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1851 Navy

1855
Colt Model 1855 (Root Revolver)
Early Colt revolvers operated from what was known as an "open frame" design meaning that there was no supporting structure se...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1855 (Root Revolver)

1855
Colt Model 1855 Revolving Carbine
The Colt Revolving Rifle of 1855 - aptly named the "Model 1855" - was an attempt to provide the repeating action of a revolvi...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1855 Revolving Carbine

1860
Colt Model 1860 New Army
Colt brought about their New Army Model revolver in 1860 and it quickly proved itself the definitive combat revolver of the t...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1860 New Army

1861
Colt Model 1861 Navy
Design of the Colt Model 1861 Navy was not unlike Colt's previous "Navy" offering - the Model 1851 Navy - and was essentially...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1861 Navy

1862
Colt Model 1862 Pocket Navy
The success of the original Colt Model 1851 Navy (sold in 215,000 examples) provided the foundation for the Model 1862 Pocket...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1862 Pocket Navy

1862
Colt Model 1862 Police
The Colt Model 1862 Police percussion revolver was intended for security personnel and followed the design lines of other Col...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1862 Police

1898
Colt Model 1898 (New Service)
In 1898, Colt Firearms unveiled a new six-shot revolver chambered for the .45 Colt cartridge as the Model 1898 - better known...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1898 (New Service)

1873
Colt Single Action Army (Colt 45 / Peacemaker)
The Colt firearms firm certainly hit its stride in the 1800s, helped no doubt by the American Civil War and goings on along t...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Single Action Army (Colt 45 / Peacemaker)

1861
Colt Special Model 1861
The Colt Special Model 1861 Musket was nothing more than a retooled version of the Springfield Model 1861 Musket series. Colt...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Special Model 1861

1847
Colt Walker
Captain Samuel Hamilton Walker (1817-1847) served as a Texas Ranger and within the US military through the violent wars in th...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Walker

1860
Cook & Brother Carbine
The Cook & Brother Carbine was another in the long line of muzzle-loading muskets utilized in the great American Civil War. A...
Thumbnail picture of the Cook & Brother Carbine

1860
Cooper Pocket Double Action
Many firearms manufacturers of the late 1800s were overshadowed by the likes of Colt and Remington but James Maslin Cooper ma...
Thumbnail picture of the Cooper Pocket Double Action

1862
Cosmopolitan Carbine
The Cosmopolitan Carbine was a percussion-based carbine firearm produced out of the Cosmopolitan Arms Company facility for th...
Thumbnail picture of the Cosmopolitan Carbine

1825
Deringer (Derringer Pocket Pistol)
The word "derringer" was a generic name for super-compact pistols of the 19th Century. The title stemmed from the surname of ...
Thumbnail picture of the Deringer (Derringer Pocket Pistol)

1842
Deringer Model 1842 Navy
Henry Deringer was well-known for his pocket pistols to the point that many eventually carried the generic (and misspelled) ...
Thumbnail picture of the Deringer Model 1842 Navy

1850
Devisme Percussion Revolver
F.P. Devisme was a highly skilled weapons maker based in Paris, France. While not exclusively known for his high-quality guns...
Thumbnail picture of the Devisme Percussion Revolver

1862
Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle
Confederate arms suppliers of the American Civil War utilized whatever means to supply their army which lacked the facilities...
Thumbnail picture of the Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle

1880
Enfield Mk I / Mk II
The Enfield Mk I/Mk II series of service revolvers appeared late in the 19th Century amidst a period of ever-changing firearm...
Thumbnail picture of the Enfield Mk I / Mk II

1853
Enfield Model 1853
The Enfield Pattern 1853 (or .577 Enfield) rifle-musket was the standard-issue musket of the British Empire beginning in 1953...
Thumbnail picture of the Enfield Model 1853

1820
Francotte Pinfire
The Francotte Pinfire Revolver was Belgian in origin, work completed by the firm of A. Francotte a Liege. Auguste Francotte s...
Thumbnail picture of the Francotte Pinfire

1898
Gasser & Rast Model 1898
The Gasser & Rast Model 1898 service revolver was a handgun utilized by the Austro-Hungarian Army at the turn of the century....
Thumbnail picture of the Gasser & Rast Model 1898

1870
Gasser Model 1870 Army Service
The Gasser Model 1870 Army Service pistol became the standard sidearm of cavalry units in service to the Austro-Hungarian Emp...
Thumbnail picture of the Gasser Model 1870 Army Service

1861
Gatling Gun Model 1861
Richard Gatling patented his ferocious weapon in the early 1860s and the type was subsequently used in the American Civil War...
Thumbnail picture of the Gatling Gun Model 1861

1803
Harpers Ferry Model 1803
While the Harpers Ferry Model 1795 was America's first smoothbore musket to be produced in number through its national armori...
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1803

1805
Harpers Ferry Model 1805
The Harpers Ferry Model 1805 was a flintlock pistol produced out of Harpers Ferry Armory in West Virginia. The firm was set u...
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1805

1816
Harpers Ferry Model 1816
Harpers Ferry became America's second national armory after the site was personally selected by George Washington (the Spring...
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1816

1857
Harpers Ferry Model 1855
The Harpers Ferry Model 1855 percussion-based rifle-musket saw considerable use during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1855

1813
Henry Model 1813 Navy
Between June of 1813 and August of 1814, Joseph Henry of Philadelphia was contracted to deliver 600 of his flintlock pistols ...
Thumbnail picture of the Henry Model 1813 Navy

1860
Henry Model 1860
While not the "perfect" lever-action repeating rifle, the Henry Rifle was the revolutionary culmination of two previous major...
Thumbnail picture of the Henry Model 1860

1889
Infantry Model 1889 (Belgian Mauser)
The Belgian Model 1889 "Mauser" became the first bolt-action service rifle of the Belgian Army. It was based on the proven Ma...
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Model 1889 (Belgian Mauser)

1860
J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle
J.F. Brown of Haverhill, Massachusetts produced a line of high-quality target/sniper rifles during the Civil War. Sights were...
Thumbnail picture of the J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle

1836
Johnson Model 1836
The Johnson Model 1836 was a high-quality flintlock pistol produced for the US government in a batch of 3,000 examples. The p...
Thumbnail picture of the Johnson Model 1836

1894
Krag-Jorgensen Model 1894
The Krag-Jorgensen was a bolt-action, repeat-fire rifle of Norwegian origin designed in the latter half of the 1800s. It was ...
Thumbnail picture of the Krag-Jorgensen Model 1894

1887
Lebel Model 1886
The Lebel Model 1886 (more formally as the "Fusil Modele 1886 ") was the standard infantry rifle of the French Army before an...
Thumbnail picture of the Lebel Model 1886

1888
Lee Metford (Magazine Lee Metford / MLM)
After nearly a decade of development and trials, the British Army adopted the Lee-Metford (or "MLM" for "Magazine Lee-Metford...
Thumbnail picture of the Lee Metford (Magazine Lee Metford / MLM)

1895
Lee-Enfield (Series)
The Lee-Enfield series of rifles is one of the most successful bolt-action rifles of all time. First debuted in November 1895...
Thumbnail picture of the Lee-Enfield (Series)

1823
Lefaucheux 20-Round
The Lefaucheux 20-Round was one of the notable attempts at designing a revolver that offered the operator a pistol with more ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lefaucheux 20-Round

1854
Lefaucheux Model 1854
Frenchman Casimir Lefaucheux developed the "pinfire" metallic cartridge from the late 1920s into the 1930s before patenting h...
Thumbnail picture of the Lefaucheux Model 1854

1861
LeMat (Grape Shot Revolver)
The "LeMat" was an American Civil War (1861-1865) revolver emerging from the resources-strapped Confederate States of America...
Thumbnail picture of the LeMat (Grape Shot Revolver)

1869
Liege Model 1869
The pinfire method for firearms was credited to Frenchman Casimir Lefaucheux and patented in 1835. The system brought about e...
Thumbnail picture of the Liege Model 1869

1860
Lindsay Model 1860
The Lindsay Model 1860 two-shot percussion pistol was a workaround against the revolver patents held by Colt during the time ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lindsay Model 1860

1863
Lindsay Model 1863 U.S. Double Rifle
Since the arrival of firearms, gunsmiths have gone down various avenues in an attempt to supply the operator with a multi-sho...
Thumbnail picture of the Lindsay Model 1863 U.S. Double Rifle

1854
Lorenz Model 1854 / Model 1862 (Lorenz Rifle)
The Lorenz Rifle was designed and developed by a lieutenant in the Austrian Army, Joseph Lorenz, and went on to bear his name...
Thumbnail picture of the Lorenz Model 1854 / Model 1862 (Lorenz Rifle)

1859
Manhattan Navy
Manhattan Firearms Company was established by a committee of businessmen in 1856 in preparation for the expiration of Colt re...
Thumbnail picture of the Manhattan Navy

1886
Mannlicher Model 1886
The Mannlicher Model 1886 became the first service rifle of the Austro-Hungarian Army to feature a magazine. Design of the we...
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1886

1888
Mannlicher Model 1888
The Mannlicher Model 1886 straight-pull bolt-action service rifle was the first such rifle adopted by the Austro-Hungarian Ar...
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1888

1895
Mannlicher Model 1895
In the mid-1880s, the Austro-Hungarian Army sought to modernized their infantry regiments with a new service rifle. This crea...
Thumbnail picture of the Mannlicher Model 1895

1873
MAS Service Revolver Modele 1873
Manufacture Nationale d'Armes de St. Etienne (MAS) of the arsenal based at St. Etienne in France was the proud sponsor of the...
Thumbnail picture of the MAS Service Revolver Modele 1873

1896
Mauser C96
One of the most recognizable early-form semi-automatic pistols became the Mauser C96 series. The C96 shape was classic with i...
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser C96

1888
Mauser Gewehr 88 (Gew 88 / Model 1888 Reichsgewehr)
To remedy their defeat at the hands of the German Empire and North German Confederation in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871...
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Gewehr 88 (Gew 88 / Model 1888 Reichsgewehr)

1898
Mauser Gewehr 98 (Gew 98)
The Mauser Gewehr 98 (formally as the "Infantry Rifle Model 1898") was a manually operated, magazine fed, bolt-action rifle a...
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Gewehr 98 (Gew 98)

1872
Mauser Model 1871
The Mauser brothers - Paul and Wilhelm - entered firearms history when their Mauser Model 1871 was adopted by the German Army...
Thumbnail picture of the Mauser Model 1871

1860
Maynard Carbine
New Jersey dentist Dr. Edward Maynard (1813-1891) lent his talents to developing a new primer system for guns which allowed f...
Thumbnail picture of the Maynard Carbine

1863
Merrill Model 1863 (Merrill Carbine)
Beyond the notable pistols and long guns featured in the American Civil War (1861-1865), the carbine grew in considerable use...
Thumbnail picture of the Merrill Model 1863 (Merrill Carbine)

1864
Metropolitan Navy Percussion
In 1864, Colt's East Armory erupted into flames which destroyed all but two of its buildings. The event could not have happen...
Thumbnail picture of the Metropolitan Navy Percussion

1819
Model 1819 Hall Rifle
John Harris Hall (1781-1841) proved a potent inventor and forward-thinking gunsmith during his time. Aside from his contribut...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1819 Hall Rifle

1866
Model 1866 Peabody Carbine
Henry O. Peabody of Boston, Massachusetts patented a new breech-loading, downward- tilting, lever-operated action for a long ...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1866 Peabody Carbine

1891
Mosin-Nagant Model 1891
Like all other world powers of the late-1800s, the Russian Empire sought modernization in its military inventory. This proved...
Thumbnail picture of the Mosin-Nagant Model 1891

1895
Nagant Model 1895 (M1895)
The Nagant Model of 1895 was a seven-shot service revolver developed in Belgium and adopted by the Imperial Russian Army as i...
Thumbnail picture of the Nagant Model 1895 (M1895)

1882
Ordnance Revolver Model 1882
The Ordnance Revolver Model 1882 was a Swiss attempt at making a lighter revolver for its Army. The Swiss Army was already fi...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance Revolver Model 1882

1865
Palmer Model 1865
The Palmer Model 1865 Carbine was manufactured under the E.G. Lamson & Company brand label to a W. Palmer patent secured on D...
Thumbnail picture of the Palmer Model 1865

1891
Pistola a Rotazione Modello 1889 (Bodeo)
The Model 1889 "Bodeo" revolver served as the standard Italian Army service revolver for decades after being adopted in 1891....
Thumbnail picture of the Pistola a Rotazione Modello 1889 (Bodeo)

1879
Reichsrevolver Model 1879
The Reichsrevolver ("Government Revolver") Model 1879 appeared during a German initiative to modernize and standardize her Ar...
Thumbnail picture of the Reichsrevolver Model 1879

1861
Remington Model 1858 Army
Remington Arms gained considerable popularity during the American Civil War (1861-1865) with their line of rugged and reliabl...
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1858 Army

1861
Remington Model 1861 Army
Used almost as widely as the Colt Model 1860 New Model Army revolver, the Remington Model 1861 Army was the another American ...
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1861 Army

1862
Remington Model 1861 Navy
Remington produced their similar Model 1861 Navy based on the successful and well-liked Model 1861 Army revolvers. The Army r...
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1861 Navy

1875
Remington Model 1875 New Army
The Remington Model 1875 New Army followed the form and function of the successful Model 1858 which saw widespread use and ac...
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1875 New Army

1890
Rifle Model 1890 (Turkish Mauser)
In 1890, Turkish authorities ordered stocks of Mauser-based bolt-action rifles as the "Rifle Model 1890" ("Turkish Mauser") w...
Thumbnail picture of the Rifle Model 1890 (Turkish Mauser)

1867
Sharps Model 1867 (Carbine)
Christian Sharps initially spent time under the employ of other firearms manufacturers that included John Hall at the fabled ...
Thumbnail picture of the Sharps Model 1867 (Carbine)

1889
Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)
The famous ".38 Special" revolver was the Smith & Wesson Model 10 which first appeared in 1899 and went on to see some 6 mill...
Thumbnail picture of the Smith & Wesson SW Model 10 (38 Special)

1860
Spencer Rifle / Carbine
Christopher Spencer (1833-1922) proved an inventor at heart and one of his most storied creations became the repeat-fire, lev...
Thumbnail picture of the Spencer Rifle / Carbine

1817
Springfield Model 1817
The Springfield Model 1817 Type 1 was a flintlock pistol produced out of the Springfield Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts...
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield Model 1817

1861
Springfield Model 1861
At the beginning of the American Civil War, both the North and the South relied heavily on imported Enfield rifles from Brita...
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield Model 1861

1836
Waters Model 1836
The Waters Model 1836 flintlock pistol was delivered by Asa Waters & Company out of their Millbury, Massachusetts factory. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Waters Model 1836

1872
Webley Bull Dog
The British Webley Bull Dog pocket revolver was a small, powerful firearm that saw considerable commercial success in a varie...
Thumbnail picture of the Webley Bull Dog

1887
Webley Model 1887
The Webley service revolver first appeared in 1887 and manufactured under the P. Webley & Sons brand label, selected to repla...
Thumbnail picture of the Webley Model 1887

1861
Whitney Model 1861 Navy
After Samuel Colt's revolving cylinder firearms patent expired in 1857, a slew of competitors swooped in to claim their share...
Thumbnail picture of the Whitney Model 1861 Navy

1857
Whitworth Rifle
Sir Joseph Henry Whitworth developed a twisted, hexagonal barreled rifle-musket when attempting to bring the concept of hexag...
Thumbnail picture of the Whitworth Rifle

1866
Winchester Model 1866
While the lever-action repeating Henry Rifle of 1860 proved revolutionary in its own right, it still held some limitations wi...
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1866

1873
Winchester Model 1873
The Model 1873 was one of the early legends of the burgeoning American firearms industry and a model product by the Wincheste...
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1873

1876
Winchester Model 1876
With the arrival of evermore powerful centerfire cartridges appearing on the firearms front, it was only natural for the Winc...
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1876

1892
Winchester Model 1892
Beginning in 1883, fabled American gunsmith John Moses Browning lent his talents - through a partnership - to the Winchester ...
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1892

1895
Winchester Model 1895 Lee (Navy Lee)
The Winchester Lee Model 1895 rifle (Model 1895) was based on the works of James Paris Lee (1831-1904), a Scottish-born inven...
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1895 Lee (Navy Lee)

1897
Winchester Model 1897
Famous American gunsmith John Moses Browning went to work for the Winchester Repeating Arms Company in 1883 and, in 1887, he ...
Thumbnail picture of the Winchester Model 1897