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  • Breda Modello 30 (Breda 30) Light Machine Gun (LMG)

    The Breda Modello 30 became the standard light machine gun of the Italian Army heading into World War 2.

     Updated: 6/2/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    Prior to World War 1 (1914-1918), Breda Meccanica Bresciana (or simply "Breda") was a heavy industry supplier of locomotives. It was during the war that its direction changed when it joined under the FIAT label to help produce FIAT machine guns for the Italian war effort, thusly beginning the company's military ties with the Italian government. After the armistice of November 1918, Breda solidified its own weapons design and production, delving into the Light Machine Gun (LMG) category to supplement the heavy FIAT water-cooled machine guns then in use. This led to the Mitragliatrice Breda Tipo 5C of 1924 which became one of the first light machine gun offerings to emerge in the post-World War 1 world. It was adopted through 2,000 examples by the Italian Army under the designation of "Modello 24" and then was evolved through the models of 1928 and 1929.

    In 1930, the design was revised again and emerged from testing as the "Modello 30" - known in its long form as the "Fucile Mitragliatore Breda Modello 30" and, as its name suggests, the weapon was adopted by the Italian Army in 1930 with manufacture peaking at 30,000 units. The Modello 30 sat in the same category as the American M1918 BAR, the Japanese Type 11 and Type 96 systems and the British BREN Light Machine Gun - intended as a portable squad-support weapon.

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    Breda Modello 30 (Breda 30) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1930
    Type: Light Machine Gun (LMG)
    National Origin: Kingdom of Italy
    Manufacturer(s): Breda Meccanica Bresciana - Italy

    Design (Internal, Dimensions and Weights)

    Firing Action: Blowback
    Available Caliber(s): 6.5x52mm Mannlicher-Carcano
    Ammunition Count / Feed: 20-round tray for stripper clips
    Overall Length: 1,230 mm (48.43 inches)
    Barrel Length: 450 mm (17.72 inches)
    Weight (Empty): 23.37 lb (10.60 kg)
    Sighting Assist: Iron Front and Rear


    Muzzle Velocity: 2,066 feet/sec (630 m/sec)
    Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 500 rounds-per-minute (rpm)
    Typical Range: 2,624 feet (800 meters; 875 yards)

    Global Operators / Customers

    Greece; Kingdom of Italy

    Model Variants

    Fucile Mitragliatore Breda modello 30 - Formal Designation.

    Breda 30 - Alternative, short designation

    MG 099(i) - German Army Designation following 1943 Italian armistice with the Allies.