Pistola a Rotazione Modello 1889 (Bodeo) Service Revolver
The Model 1889 Bodeo revolver entered the Italian Army inventory in 1891 and continued service through to the end of World War 2 in 1945.
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The Model 1889 "Bodeo" revolver served as the standard Italian Army service revolver for decades after being adopted in 1891. The type saw combat action in World War 1 by which time the Glisenti Model 1910 semi-automatic pistol was selected to supersede the revolver. However, durability issues limited the extent of the Model 1910 in widespread acceptance leading the Model 1889 revolver to see continuous service into World War 2, not to be officially retired until 1945. The Beretta Model 1934 was then adopted as the standard semi-automatic pistol of the Italian Army during the mid-1930s, replacing the Glisenti Model 1910 and easing the Bodeo revolver into retirement. The revolver was known by its long form designation as "Pistola a Rotazione, Systema Bodeo, Modello 1889".
The Model 1889 Bodeo proved a most conventional revolver design through and through. It was a solid frame development (featuring a bridge over the cylinder to help make it stronger) with a six-shot rotating cylinder. The hammer protruded from the rear of the frame with the barrel extending ahead in the usual fashion. The weapon was chambered for the unique 10.4x22R Italian Ordnance cartridge with a loading gate set to the right side of the body and an ejector rod fitted under the barrel. The pistol grip was integrated into the frame's design as normal and the grips featured a diamond pattern. A lanyard ring was affixed to the butt of the grip for ease of carrying into combat. The revolver appeared in two general forms - an "infantry-minded" version sporting a folding trigger assembly (lacking a traditional ring guard) and an "officer-minded" version featuring a full trigger guard. The folding trigger option was intended for when the weapon was stowed. Additionally, infantry types were finished with octagonal barrels while officers were issued revolvers with rounded barrels. Despite these distinct variations, models containing both octagonal barrels and trigger rings eventually appeared as well. Otherwise, the Model 1889 followed suit with the many revolvers having proliferated the firearms market throughout the mid-to-late 1800s.