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  • Arisaka Type 44 Cavalry Rifle Carbine Service Weapon

    The Arisaka Type 44 Cavalry Rifle was based on the Type 38 carbine, itself based on the Type 38 infantry rifle.

     Updated: 5/9/2017; Authored By JR Potts, AUS 173d AB and Dan Alex; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Type 44 Carbine (also known as the Type 44 "Cavalry Rifle") was a standardized Japanese Army bolt-action carbine weapon designed in 1911 by famed Japanese gunsmith Baron Arisaka Nariakira and introduced into Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) service in 1912. The type led a long and storied career within the ranks of the IJA and saw production span into 1942 during World War 2. As such, the weapon was used throughout the nation's various conflicts in that span and survived in circulation long enough to see combat actions in the upcoming Korean and Chinese Civil Wars. The "carbine" - or "cavalry rifle" - classification described the weapon as a shortened form of an existing "long rifle" design - namely the bolt-action Type 38 service rifle which, itself, was developed into the Type 38 Cavalry Rifle. The Type 44 was, therefore, based on the Type 38 Cavalry Rifle. Carbine weapons were developed to provide the firepower of a traditional long rifle within a more compact body suitable for use by mounted infantry (cavalry) and this usually involving the shortening of the barrel assembly while keeping the rest of the design intact - in essence making for a more logistically friendly end-product.

    While its lineage was based on the Type 38 series, the Type 44 was distinguished by its use of a "needle-type" bayonet fitting (as opposed to a conventional blade). This installation could be folded backwards and locked in place under the forend when not in use, keeping the Type 44's compact size in check. Design of the Type 44 included a largely wooden body with an integrated ergonomic shoulder stock, ringed trigger guard and metal internal components. The components were conventionally set within the rear portion of the receiver while the wooden forend encased the barrel, allowing for minimal protrusion of the muzzle. Iron sights were fitted at the muzzle and a flip-up type installation was identified along the receiver top along the midway point.

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    Arisaka Type 44 Cavalry Rifle Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1912
    Type: Carbine Service Weapon
    National Origin: Imperial Japan
    Manufacturer(s): State Arsenals - Imperial Japan

    Design (Internal, Dimensions and Weights)

    Firing Action: Manually-Acutated Bolt-Action
    Available Caliber(s): 6.5x50mm Arisaka
    Ammunition Count / Feed: 5-round internal magazine (stripper clip-fed)
    Overall Length: 966 mm (38.03 inches)
    Barrel Length: 487 mm (19.17 inches)
    Weight (Empty): 7.28 lb (3.30 kg)
    Sighting Assist: Iron Front; Flip-Up Rear


    Muzzle Velocity: 2,246 feet/sec (685 m/sec)
    Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 10 rounds-per-minute (rpm)
    Typical Range: 1,968 feet (600 meters; 656 yards)

    Global Operators / Customers

    China; Imperial Japan; North Korea

    Model Variants

    Type 44 (First Generation) - Initial Production Form.

    Type 44 (Second Generation) - Improved Type 44

    Type 44 (Third Generation) - Final Production Form.