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Howa Type 89 Assault Rifle (1989)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 7/29/2015

The Japanese-produced Type 89 is a modern small-caliber assault rifle.

The Japanese Type 89 was developed by the Howa Machinery Company of Japan for the Japanese Defense Agency and first fielded in 1989.

The Type 89 features a variety of unique design elements, which promote a smooth motion of fire, cutting down on wear to the internal components of the firing mechanism and lowering the force of recoil.

The Type 89 also features a separate three round burst mechanism behind the trigger housing, allowing the three-round burst to be activated separate of the base trigger system (which nominally operates between single shot and automatic fire). The thinking here is that, should the burst capability fail in the heat of combat, the user can quickly switch back to single or automatic fire.

The system is generally assigned with a bipod, though it can be easily removed if need be.

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Specifications for the
Howa Type 89
Assault Rifle

Country of Origin: Japan
Manufacturer: Howa Machinery Company - Japan
Initial Year of Service: 1989

Overall Length: 916 mm (36.06 in)
Barrel Length: 420.00 mm (16.54 in)
Weight (Empty): 7.72 lb (3.50 kg)

Caliber*: 5.56x45mm NATO
Action: Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt
Feed: 20- or 30-round detachable box
Muzzle Velocity: 3,018 ft/sec (920 m/sec)
Rate-of-Fire: 750 rounds per minute
Range: 1,640 ft (500 m; 547 yds)
Sights: Iron Sights; Optional Optics as needed

* Listed caliber(s) for firearms may be model dependent if more than one model type/chambering was produced. Always consult official manufacturer's information or a licensed dealer.

Type 89 (Type 89 Para) - Base Series Designation; solid stock.

Type 89-F - Folding Stock