Al-Qadissiya Tabuk Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR)
The Iraqi Tabuk Designated Marksman Rifle has proven a very lethal performer in an urban battlefield environment.
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The Tabuk DMR, produced by Al-Qadissiya Establishments of Iraq, is classified as a "Designated Marksman Rifle" (abbreviated as "DMR"). The Designated Marksman is a specialized member of the rifle platoon that is armed with a long-range, semi-automatic weapon firing a full-power, rifle-caliber cartridge (usually 7.62mm or greater). As such, the DMR supplies accurate, ranged repeat firepower against general targets at the squad level. This differs from the role of a "true" sniper element in that snipers are generally specially trained to engage high-value targets and generally operate within the scope of small teams in-the-field - and often armed with a reliable manual bolt-action weapon with a modest ammunition supply. The DMR, however, fights alongside his infantry squad - which can be outfitted a variety of small-caliber short-to-medium-range weaponry including carbines, automatic service rifles and squad support machine guns - the DMR acting as a fire support solution for medium-to-long range targets.
Al-Qadissiya Establishments, based in north of the capital city of Bagdad, took to producing the Tabuk automatic rifle on machinery purchased under Saddam Hussein's tenure from the former Yugoslavia ruled under then-president Slobodan Milosevic. Yugoslavia itself was already producing license-production copies of proven Soviet originated systems since the post-World War 2 years under communist rule. The country did so with the Zastava M70 automatic rifle
series of 1970, this design based on the Soviet RPK light machine gun. As a result, the Tabuk was, in essence, a modified and and indirect form of the Soviet RPK b way of the Yugoslavian M70 and first appeared in the 1980's for the Iraq Army, subsequently seeing combat action in the Iran-Iraq War, the 1991 Persian Gul War and the 2003 American invasion of Iraq. Unlike its Soviet-based contemporaries which chamber the 7.62x54R cartridge, the Tabuk makes use of the 7.62x39mm Kalashnikov cartridge.