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  • Kalashnikov AKM Assault Rifle

    The AKM was a modernized version of the successful AK-47 model and some 10.2 million were produced.

     Updated: 9/28/2016; Authored By Martin Foray; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The AKM was designed in the 1950s as a modernized successor to the fabled AK-47 assault rifle series of the late 1940s. The original AK-47 began life in the latter stages of World War 2 and went on to see extensive use throughout the upcoming Cold War years after it began service in 1949. The AKM became a successful attempt at essentially reintroducing the AK-47 as an improved form that was made easier to mass produce. Efforts were made to deliver an end-product that ultimately became a lighter, easier-to-control and cheaper weapon system that could be mass produced in a shorter rate of time while still increasing reliability. As such, the AKM went on to become the most numerous of all the AK-series assault rifle variants - it being produced in some 10.2 million examples from a combined effort from Izhevsk Mechanical Works and the Tula Arsenal. In a drastic comparison showcasing the vast reach of the original, it is said that over 75 million base AK-47 assault rifles were made in all, making her one of the most successful firearms of all time - though the AKM would not reach these lofty production goals she would forge her own successful legacy in time. The AKM saw combat actions in a myriad of operations concerning the Vietnam War and other regional conflicts around Southeast Asia to follow as well as finding use in the Iran-Iraq War, the First Chechen War, the Persian Gulf War and Operation Enduring Freedom to name a few hotspots. Despite it being formally replaced by the AK-74 assault rifle line of 1974, the AKM - on some areas of the world - still remains a frontline weapons system for many nations the world over, even seeing limited use with Russian forces today. Like the original AK-47, the AKM was designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov, the iconic Soviet arms designer.

    The AK-47 was a revolutionary design in her own time, owing some of her success to research from the captured German wartime assault rifle - the MP43/MP44/StG44 Sturmgewehr (meaning "Storm Rifle", leading to the use of the phrasing "Assault Rifle") - generally regarded as the "Father of Assault Rifles". Interestingly, Adolf Hitler was not keen on its design at the beginning of its development and pressured for more submachine guns to go into production. As such, StG44 development by the German Armament Office continued under the guise that it was a submachine gun to cover its true battlefield nature. While the AK-47 (and the American M16 for that matter) borrowed much of the successful concepts behind the German wartime StG44, it was mechanically a Russian design. The AK-47, despite its designation (implying the service year of 1947), was actually not formally accepted into Soviet Army service until 1949. Once operational, it proved something of a departure from the wartime implements fielded by the Soviet Union during World War 2 - weapon systems that were hurriedly shuffled out of factories in less than desirable finishes utilizing cheap construction methods to meet production goals. The AK-47 sported somewhat elegant wooden furniture at points and utilized more traditional construction techniques, having her solid steel receiver machined to form. However, this certainly proved a more expensive weapon to produce in the long run especially where "mass production" and the "Soviet Army" were concerned. As such, the assault rifle series received something of a revision by the middle of the 1950s, this to become the "AKM".

    The AKM - designated with the "M" to signify its "Modernized" nature - brought construction methodology back to the more economic stamped steel to help improve production speed and lower costs. The polished steel bolt was now "Parkerized", meaning that it was protected over from corrosion and resistance through the electromechanical process of phosphate conversion coating over that of the original AK-47's polished steel. The AKM was designed to accept a bayonet system that could be converted to an in-the-field wire cutter, a presumably novel concept that came into heavy use once in practice and subsequently copied by other manufacturers thereafter. The muzzle was revised to feature a lower "lip" extension to act as a simple counterweight to combat the effects of the AK-47's notorious muzzle climb and relative uncontrollability during full-automatic fire. The wooden stock was hollowed out to further reduce weight - allowing for increased two-handed precision control on the part of the operator. The bolt carrier and bolt itself - though manufactured in a slightly different style - are said to be interchangeable with that of the original AK-47 series and the chrome-lined barrel remained intact.

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    Kalashnikov AKM Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1959
    Type: Assault Rifle
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): State Factories - Soviet Union, Bulgaria, East Germany, Egypt, Hungary, China, Poland, Romania

    Design (Internal, Dimensions and Weights)

    Firing Action: Gas-Operated; Automatic
    Available Caliber(s): 7.62x39mm M1943
    Ammunition Count / Feed: 20- or 30-Round Detachable Box
    Overall Length: 876 mm (34.49 inches)
    Barrel Length: 415 mm (16.34 inches)
    Weight (Empty): 8.42 lb (3.82 kg)
    Sighting Assist: Rear Sight Notch; Front Post


    Muzzle Velocity: 2,330 feet/sec (710 m/sec)
    Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 775 rounds-per-minute (rpm)
    Typical Range: 1,640 feet (500 meters; 547 yards)

    Global Operators / Customers

    Albania; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Benin; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Botswana; Bulgaria; Cambodia; Cape Verde; Central African Republic; Chad; Chile; Comorros; Congo-Brazzaville; Cuba; Democratic Republic of the Congo; East Germany; Egypt; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Estonia; Finland; Gabon; Georgia; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Hungary; India; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Kazakhstan; Laos; Latvia; Lesotho; Liberia; Libya; Lithuania; Madagascar; Mali; Moldova; Mongolia; Mozambique; North Korea; Pakistan; Peru; Poland; Qatar; Republic of Macedonia; Romania; Russia; Sao Tome and Principe; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Somalia; Sudan; Suriname; Syria; Tajikistan; Tanzania; Togo; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yemen; Yugoslavia; Zambia; Zimbabwe

    Model Variants

    AKM - Base Series Designation; fixed wooden stock; milled steel pressing construction.

    AKMS - Metal underfolding stock; rivetted steel pressing construction.

    AKMP - Tritium-illuminated aiming points (front and rear sights).

    AKML - Side-rail for night vision accessories; slotted flash suppressor; optional bipod support.

    AKMLP - Based on the AKML but with tritium sights.

    AKMSP - Based on the AKMS with folding stock; tritium sights.

    AKMSN - Based on the AKMS; fitted with accessory rail for night vision; optional flash suppressor and bipod.

    AKMSNP - AKMSN model with tritium night sights.

    karabinek-granatnik wz. 1974 - Polish variant with revised lower handguard for 40mm grenade launcher suport.

    Misr - Egyptian copy of AKM

    Type 56 - Chinese copy of AKM

    MPi-KM - East German copy of AKM

    RK 56 TP - Finnish designation for Chinese Type 56 models.

    RK-72 - Finnish designation for East German MPi-KM models.

    AK-63 - Hungarian copy of AKM; fixed wooden stock.

    AK-63D - Hungarian copy of AKM; underfolding metal stock.

    M70 - Yugoslavian variant of the AKM

    M70B - Yugoslavian variant of the AKM