Military Factory
Military Factory

Civil War Guns

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 3/26/2014

Firearms of all types grew into a readily available instrument of death during the American Civil War.

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There are a total of 52 Civil War Guns in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1860
Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech
The Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech Rifle saw limited service in the American Civil War and only then were they acquired through...
Thumbnail picture of the Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech

1861
Bridesburg Model 1861
The Bridesburg Model 1861 rifle-musket was produced for the US government during the American Civil War. Production was handl...
Thumbnail picture of the Bridesburg Model 1861

1863
Bridesburg Model 1863
The Bridesburg Model 1863 was a follow-up to the Bridesburg Model 1861. The rifle-musket was produced by the Bridesburg Machi...
Thumbnail picture of the Bridesburg Model 1863

1856
Burnside Carbine
The Burnside Carbine was a popular carbine rifle fielded across all of the major battlefronts of the American Civil War. The ...
Thumbnail picture of the Burnside Carbine

1848
Colt Model 1848 (Baby Dragoon)
The success of the Colt Model 1848 "Dragoon" line (described in a separate entry) prompted Samuel Colt to design a civilian-m...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1848 (Baby Dragoon)

1848
Colt Model 1848 (Dragoon)
The Colt Model 1848 "Dragoon" (meaning "Dragon" in French) was another design by famed American gunsmith Samuel Colt and went...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1848 (Dragoon)

1849
Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver
The Colt Model 1849 "Pocket Revolver" was Colt's answer when replacing their "Baby Dragoon" series of guns. Unbeknownst to Co...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver

1851
Colt Model 1851 Navy
At the end of the 1840's Samuel Colt was hard at work designing a new revolver of .36 caliber, this design becoming the famou...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1851 Navy

1855
Colt Model 1855 (Root Revolver)
Early Colt revolvers operated from what was known as an "open frame" design meaning that there was no supporting structure se...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1855 (Root Revolver)

1855
Colt Model 1855 Revolving Carbine
The Colt Revolving Rifle of 1855 - aptly named the "Model 1855" - was an attempt to provide the repeating action of a revolvi...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1855 Revolving Carbine

1860
Colt Model 1860 New Army
Colt brought about their New Army Model revolver in 1860 and it quickly proved itself the definitive combat revolver of the t...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1860 New Army

1861
Colt Model 1861 Navy
Design of the Colt Model 1861 Navy was not unlike Colt's previous "Navy" offering - the Model 1851 Navy - and was essentially...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1861 Navy

1862
Colt Model 1862 Pocket Navy
The success of the original Colt Model 1851 Navy (sold in 215,000 examples) provided the foundation for the Model 1862 Pocket...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1862 Pocket Navy

1862
Colt Model 1862 Police
The Colt Model 1862 Police percussion revolver was intended for security personnel and followed the design lines of other Col...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1862 Police

1873
Colt Single Action Army (Colt 45 / Peacemaker)
The Colt firearms firm certainly hit its stride in the 1800s, helped no doubt by the American Civil War and goings on along t...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Single Action Army (Colt 45 / Peacemaker)

1861
Colt Special Model 1861
The Colt Special Model 1861 Musket was nothing more than a retooled version of the Springfield Model 1861 Musket series. Colt...
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Special Model 1861

1860
Cook & Brother Carbine
The Cook & Brother Carbine was another in the long line of muzzle-loading muskets utilized in the great American Civil War. A...
Thumbnail picture of the Cook & Brother Carbine

1860
Cooper Pocket Double Action
Many firearms manufacturers of the late 1800s were overshadowed by the likes of Colt and Remington but James Maslin Cooper ma...
Thumbnail picture of the Cooper Pocket Double Action

1862
Cosmopolitan Carbine
The Cosmopolitan Carbine was a percussion-based carbine firearm produced out of the Cosmopolitan Arms Company facility for th...
Thumbnail picture of the Cosmopolitan Carbine

1825
Deringer (Derringer Pocket Pistol)
The word "derringer" was a generic name for super-compact pistols of the 19th Century. The title stemmed from the surname of ...
Thumbnail picture of the Deringer (Derringer Pocket Pistol)

1842
Deringer Model 1842 Navy
Henry Deringer was well-known for his pocket pistols to the point that many eventually carried the generic (and misspelled) ...
Thumbnail picture of the Deringer Model 1842 Navy

1862
Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle
Confederate arms suppliers of the American Civil War utilized whatever means to supply their army which lacked the facilities...
Thumbnail picture of the Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle

1853
Enfield Model 1853
The Enfield Pattern 1853 (or .577 Enfield) rifle-musket was the standard-issue musket of the British Empire beginning in 1953...
Thumbnail picture of the Enfield Model 1853

1861
Gatling Gun Model 1861
Richard Gatling patented his ferocious weapon in the early 1860s and the type was subsequently used in the American Civil War...
Thumbnail picture of the Gatling Gun Model 1861

1795
Harpers Ferry / Springfield Model 1795
The Model 1795 was a smooth-bore, single-shot, flintlock-based musket and the first such weapon system to be produced within ...
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry / Springfield Model 1795

1803
Harpers Ferry Model 1803
While the Harpers Ferry Model 1795 was America's first smoothbore musket to be produced in number through its national armori...
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1803

1857
Harpers Ferry Model 1855
The Harpers Ferry Model 1855 percussion-based rifle-musket saw considerable use during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1855

1860
Henry Model 1860
While not the "perfect" lever-action repeating rifle, the Henry Rifle was the revolutionary culmination of two previous major...
Thumbnail picture of the Henry Model 1860

1860
J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle
J.F. Brown of Haverhill, Massachusetts produced a line of high-quality target/sniper rifles during the Civil War. Sights were...
Thumbnail picture of the J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle

1823
Lefaucheux 20-Round
The Lefaucheux 20-Round was one of the notable attempts at designing a revolver that offered the operator a pistol with more ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lefaucheux 20-Round

1854
Lefaucheux Model 1854
Frenchman Casimir Lefaucheux developed the "pinfire" metallic cartridge from the late 1920s into the 1930s before patenting h...
Thumbnail picture of the Lefaucheux Model 1854

1861
LeMat (Grape Shot Revolver)
The "LeMat" was an American Civil War (1861-1865) revolver emerging from the resources-strapped Confederate States of America...
Thumbnail picture of the LeMat (Grape Shot Revolver)

1860
Lindsay Model 1860
The Lindsay Model 1860 two-shot percussion pistol was a workaround against the revolver patents held by Colt during the time ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lindsay Model 1860

1863
Lindsay Model 1863 U.S. Double Rifle
Since the arrival of firearms, gunsmiths have gone down various avenues in an attempt to supply the operator with a multi-sho...
Thumbnail picture of the Lindsay Model 1863 U.S. Double Rifle

1854
Lorenz Model 1854 / Model 1862 (Lorenz Rifle)
The Lorenz Rifle was designed and developed by a lieutenant in the Austrian Army, Joseph Lorenz, and went on to bear his name...
Thumbnail picture of the Lorenz Model 1854 / Model 1862 (Lorenz Rifle)

1859
Manhattan Navy
Manhattan Firearms Company was established by a committee of businessmen in 1856 in preparation for the expiration of Colt re...
Thumbnail picture of the Manhattan Navy

1860
Maynard Carbine
New Jersey dentist Dr. Edward Maynard (1813-1891) lent his talents to developing a new primer system for guns which allowed f...
Thumbnail picture of the Maynard Carbine

1863
Merrill Model 1863 (Merrill Carbine)
Beyond the notable pistols and long guns featured in the American Civil War (1861-1865), the carbine grew in considerable use...
Thumbnail picture of the Merrill Model 1863 (Merrill Carbine)

1864
Metropolitan Navy Percussion
In 1864, Colt's East Armory erupted into flames which destroyed all but two of its buildings. The event could not have happen...
Thumbnail picture of the Metropolitan Navy Percussion

1819
Model 1819 Hall Rifle
John Harris Hall (1781-1841) proved a potent inventor and forward-thinking gunsmith during his time. Aside from his contribut...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1819 Hall Rifle

1866
Model 1866 Peabody Carbine
Henry O. Peabody of Boston, Massachusetts patented a new breech-loading, downward- tilting, lever-operated action for a long ...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1866 Peabody Carbine

1865
Palmer Model 1865
The Palmer Model 1865 Carbine was manufactured under the E.G. Lamson & Company brand label to a W. Palmer patent secured on D...
Thumbnail picture of the Palmer Model 1865

1861
Remington Model 1858 Army
Remington Arms gained considerable popularity during the American Civil War (1861-1865) with their line of rugged and reliabl...
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1858 Army

1861
Remington Model 1861 Army
Used almost as widely as the Colt Model 1860 New Model Army revolver, the Remington Model 1861 Army was the another American ...
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1861 Army

1862
Remington Model 1861 Navy
Remington produced their similar Model 1861 Navy based on the successful and well-liked Model 1861 Army revolvers. The Army r...
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1861 Navy

1867
Sharps Model 1867 (Carbine)
Christian Sharps initially spent time under the employ of other firearms manufacturers that included John Hall at the fabled ...
Thumbnail picture of the Sharps Model 1867 (Carbine)

1860
Spencer Rifle / Carbine
Christopher Spencer (1833-1922) proved an inventor at heart and one of his most storied creations became the repeat-fire, lev...
Thumbnail picture of the Spencer Rifle / Carbine

1861
Springfield Model 1861
At the beginning of the American Civil War, both the North and the South relied heavily on imported Enfield rifles from Brita...
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield Model 1861

1963
Tarpley Carbine
Southerner Jere H. Tarpley of Greensboro, North Carolina developed his aptly-named, breech-loading "Tarpley Carbine" of .52 ...
Thumbnail picture of the Tarpley Carbine

1861
Whitney Model 1861 Navy
After Samuel Colt's revolving cylinder firearms patent expired in 1857, a slew of competitors swooped in to claim their share...
Thumbnail picture of the Whitney Model 1861 Navy

1857
Thumbnail picture of the Whitworth Rifle