Military Factory

Civil War Guns (1861-1865)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 12/16/2015

Firearms of all types grew into readily-available instruments of death during the American Civil War.





There are a total of (56) Civil War Guns (1861-1865) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1860
Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech
The Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech Rifle saw limited service in the American Civil War and only then w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Allen & Wheelock Drop Breech

1861
Bridesburg Model 1861
The Bridesburg Model 1861 rifle-musket was produced for the US government during the American Civil ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bridesburg Model 1861

1863
Bridesburg Model 1863
The Bridesburg Model 1863 was a follow-up to the Bridesburg Model 1861. The rifle-musket was produce... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bridesburg Model 1863

1856
Burnside Carbine
The Burnside Carbine was a popular carbine rifle fielded across all of the major battlefronts of the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Burnside Carbine

1848
Colt Model 1848 (Baby Dragoon)
The success of the Colt Model 1848 "Dragoon" line (described in a separate entry) prompted Samuel Co... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1848 (Baby Dragoon)

1848
Colt Model 1848 (Dragoon)
The Colt Model 1848 "Dragoon" (meaning "Dragon" in French) was another design by famed American guns... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1848 (Dragoon)

1849
Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver
The Colt Model 1849 "Pocket Revolver" was Colt's answer when replacing their "Baby Dragoon" series o... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver

1851
Colt Model 1851 Navy
At the end of the 1840's Samuel Colt was hard at work designing a new revolver of .36 caliber, this ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1851 Navy

1855
Colt Model 1855 (Root Revolver)
Early Colt revolvers operated from what was known as an "open frame" design meaning that there was n... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1855 (Root Revolver)

1855
Colt Model 1855 Revolving Carbine
The Colt Revolving Rifle of 1855 - aptly named the "Model 1855" - was an attempt to provide the repe... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1855 Revolving Carbine

1860
Colt Model 1860 New Army
Colt brought about their New Army Model revolver in 1860 and it quickly proved itself the definitive... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1860 New Army

1861
Colt Model 1861 Navy
Design of the Colt Model 1861 Navy was not unlike Colt's previous "Navy" offering - the Model 1851 N... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1861 Navy

1862
Colt Model 1862 Pocket Navy
The success of the original Colt Model 1851 Navy (sold in 215,000 examples) provided the foundation ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1862 Pocket Navy

1862
Colt Model 1862 Police
The Colt Model 1862 Police percussion revolver was intended for security personnel and followed the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Model 1862 Police

1873
Colt Single Action Army (Colt 45 / Peacemaker)
The Colt firearms firm certainly hit its stride in the 1800s, helped no doubt by the American Civil ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Single Action Army (Colt 45 / Peacemaker)

1861
Colt Special Model 1861
The Colt Special Model 1861 Musket was nothing more than a retooled version of the Springfield Model... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Colt Special Model 1861

1860
Cook & Brother Carbine
The Cook & Brother Carbine was another in the long line of muzzle-loading muskets utilized in the gr... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Cook & Brother Carbine

1860
Cooper Pocket Double Action
Many firearms manufacturers of the late 1800s were overshadowed by the likes of Colt and Remington b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Cooper Pocket Double Action

1862
Cosmopolitan Carbine
The Cosmopolitan Carbine was a percussion-based carbine firearm produced out of the Cosmopolitan Arm... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Cosmopolitan Carbine

1825
Deringer (Derringer Pocket Pistol)
The word "derringer" was a generic name for super-compact pistols of the 19th Century. The title ste... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Deringer (Derringer Pocket Pistol)

1842
Deringer Model 1842 Navy
Henry Deringer was well-known for his pocket pistols to the point that many eventually carried the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Deringer Model 1842 Navy

1862
Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle
Confederate arms suppliers of the American Civil War utilized whatever means to supply their army wh... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Dickson Nelson & Co Rifle

1853
Enfield Model 1853
The Enfield Pattern 1853 (or .577 Enfield) rifle-musket was the standard-issue musket of the British... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Enfield Model 1853

1861
Gatling Gun Model 1861
Richard Gatling patented his ferocious weapon in the early 1860s and the type was subsequently used ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Gatling Gun Model 1861

1795
Harpers Ferry / Springfield Model 1795
The Model 1795 was a smooth-bore, single-shot, flintlock-based musket and the first such weapon syst... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry / Springfield Model 1795

1803
Harpers Ferry Model 1803
While the Harpers Ferry Model 1795 was America's first smoothbore musket to be produced in number th... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1803

1841
Harpers Ferry Model 1841 (Mississippi Rifle)
For much of America's early past, the federal Army relied on two arsenals of note - the Springfield ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1841 (Mississippi Rifle)

1857
Harpers Ferry Model 1855
The Harpers Ferry Model 1855 percussion-based rifle-musket saw considerable use during the American ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Harpers Ferry Model 1855

1860
Henry Model 1860
While not the "perfect" lever-action repeating rifle, the Henry Rifle was the revolutionary culminat... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Henry Model 1860

1860
J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle
J.F. Brown of Haverhill, Massachusetts produced a line of high-quality target/sniper rifles during t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle

1823
Lefaucheux 20-Round
The Lefaucheux 20-Round was one of the notable attempts at designing a revolver that offered the ope... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lefaucheux 20-Round

1854
Lefaucheux Model 1854
Frenchman Casimir Lefaucheux developed the "pinfire" metallic cartridge from the late 1820s into the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lefaucheux Model 1854

1861
LeMat (Grape Shot Revolver)
The "LeMat" was an American Civil War (1861-1865) revolver emerging from the resources-strapped Conf... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the LeMat (Grape Shot Revolver)

1860
Lindsay Model 1860
The Lindsay Model 1860 two-shot percussion pistol was a workaround against the revolver patents held... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lindsay Model 1860

1863
Lindsay Model 1863 U.S. Double Rifle
Since the arrival of firearms, gunsmiths have gone down various avenues in an attempt to supply the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lindsay Model 1863 U.S. Double Rifle

1854
Lorenz Model 1854 / Model 1862 (Lorenz Rifle)
The Lorenz Rifle was designed and developed by a lieutenant in the Austrian Army, Joseph Lorenz, and... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lorenz Model 1854 / Model 1862 (Lorenz Rifle)

1859
Manhattan Navy
Manhattan Firearms Company was established by a committee of businessmen in 1856 in preparation for ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Manhattan Navy

1860
Maynard Carbine
New Jersey dentist Dr. Edward Maynard (1813-1891) lent his talents to developing a new primer system... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Maynard Carbine

1863
Merrill Model 1863 (Merrill Carbine)
Beyond the notable pistols and long guns featured in the American Civil War (1861-1865), the carbine... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Merrill Model 1863 (Merrill Carbine)

1864
Metropolitan Navy Model 1864
In 1864, Colt's East Armory erupted into flames which destroyed all but two of its buildings. The ev... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Metropolitan Navy Model 1864

1865
Miller Model 1861
The Springfield Model 1861 rifle musket was produced in over 1 million examples during and after the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Miller Model 1861

1819
Model 1819 Hall Rifle
John Harris Hall (1781-1841) proved a potent inventor and forward-thinking gunsmith during his time.... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1819 Hall Rifle

1866
Model 1866 Peabody Carbine
Henry O. Peabody of Boston, Massachusetts patented a new breech-loading, downward- tilting, lever-op... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1866 Peabody Carbine

1865
Palmer Model 1865
The Palmer Model 1865 Carbine was manufactured under the E.G. Lamson & Company brand label to a W. P... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Palmer Model 1865

1850
Remington Model 1841 (Mississippi Rifle)
The Remington gun company of today holds a long and illustrious history dating back to its founding ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1841 (Mississippi Rifle)

1861
Remington Model 1858 Army
Remington Arms gained considerable popularity during the American Civil War (1861-1865) with their l... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1858 Army

1861
Remington Model 1861 Army
Used almost as widely as the Colt Model 1860 New Model Army revolver, the Remington Model 1861 Army ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1861 Army

1862
Remington Model 1861 Navy
Remington produced their similar Model 1861 Navy based on the successful and well-liked Model 1861 A... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Remington Model 1861 Navy

1867
Sharps Model 1867 (Carbine)
Christian Sharps initially spent time under the employ of other firearms manufacturers that included... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Sharps Model 1867 (Carbine)

1860
Spencer Rifle / Carbine
Christopher Spencer (1833-1922) proved an inventor at heart and one of his most storied creations be... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Spencer Rifle / Carbine

1861
Springfield Model 1861
At the beginning of the American Civil War, both the North and the South relied heavily on imported ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Springfield Model 1861

1858
Starr Model 1858 / Model 1863
Requiring all manner of firearms during the American Civil War (1861-1865), the United States govern... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Starr Model 1858 / Model 1863

1950
Stocking Model 1950 (Pepperbox)
The "pepperbox" gun was developed as a way to provide a repeat-fire function in a compact form. The ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Stocking Model 1950 (Pepperbox)

1963
Tarpley Carbine
Southerner Jere H. Tarpley of Greensboro, North Carolina developed his aptly-named, breech-loading "... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tarpley Carbine

1861
Whitney Model 1861 Navy
After Samuel Colt's revolving cylinder firearms patent expired in 1857, a slew of competitors swoope... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Whitney Model 1861 Navy

1857
Whitworth Rifle
Sir Joseph Henry Whitworth developed a twisted, hexagonal barreled rifle-musket when attempting to b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Whitworth Rifle