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    USS Missouri (BB-63) Battleship


    USS Missouri and her sister battleships saw an equal amount of combat service in World War 2 and in the decades making up the Cold War.





     Updated: 3/21/2017; Authored By Dan Alex; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The USS Missouri (BB-63) is one of the most storied American warships ever constructed. Few can lay claim to having fought in three of the major American engagements of the 20th Century, taking part in World War 2 (Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Guam), the Korean War and the Gulf War before she was retired. As such, the vessel served as a battletested learning ground for generations of American sailors that produced grandfathers, fathers and sons that had all served on the same ship. The Missouri is perhaps best known for her participation in the surrender ceremony of the Empire of Japan at Tokyo Bay to conclude World War 2 in 1945. She was brought back out of retirement in the latter years of the Cold War, modernized with cruise missile capabilities and advanced technology before be decommissioned for good and set up as a floating museum for all to enjoy, self-educate and offer remembrance to those that have led the way. Her colorful history has endeared the vessel to generations of Americans and today, she stands as a symbol of peacekeeper, keeping an ever watchful eye over her fallen comrades at Pearl Harbor. She is berthed a short distance away from the Arizona Memorial whose oil slick drives past the starboard side of the "Mighty Mo" for hundreds of yards.

    USS Missouri Specifications

    Make no mistake, the USS Missouri was a huge surface vessel. She maintained a running length of 887.2 feet with a beam (width) of 108.2 feet. Her draught (height) was listed at 28.9 feet. The typical World War 2 crew complement consisted of 2,700 personnel made up of officers and sailors of the United States Navy and United States Marines. In 1984, this complement was reduced to 1,851 personnel. She displaced at 45,000 Standard tons but could balloon up to 58,000 tons on a full maximum sea load.

    Missouri Power

    Power was supplied from 8 x Babcock & Wilcox Boiler systems delivering energy to General Electric geared turbines and 4 x screws. This supplied the vessel with speeds up to 31 knots with a 35 knot maximum possible in perfect conditions. Range totaled 14,890 miles of sea terrain, allowing her to be called to service in far off places around the world.

    Missouri Hull

    The hull of the USS Missouri was conventional for her time, made slim at the forecastle with a wide girth amidships and a tapered, oblong stern. Much of her height actually sat under the waterline. Her deck was covered over in a special teak wood and appropriately sealed, further protected by 7.5 inches of armor. Her bow showcased a noticeable upward angle to help in cutting through rough waters. Her belt was protected by 12.1 inches of armor. Anchors and their giant spool control systems were held well aft, ahead of the forward turrets. The hull alone maintained six of the vessels eighteen total floors (when including the superstructure). The superstructure was mostly contained at amidships, nestled in between the three main gun turrets, and held twelve floors consisting of the important operational suites as well as the two funnels. The funnels extracted the necessary exhaust smoke from the four turbines buried in the aft portions of the hull. These funnels were fed by four large vents from each turbine. The turbines were arranged in a staggered formation to keep the vessels width in check and powered four massive propellers held under the stern. The outermost propellers were some distance ahead of the inner most pair. A rudder was situated at the base of the stern, aft of the propellers. A large lattice-type antenna array completed the Missouri's tall, imposing appearance.


    USS Missouri (BB-63) Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1944
    Type: Battleship
    National Origin: United States
    Ship Class: Iowa-class



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Complement (Crew): 2,700
    Length: 887 feet (270.36 meters)
    Beam (Width): 108 feet (32.92 meters)
    Draught (Height): 38 feet (11.58 meters)

    Surface Displacement: 57,450 tons

    Installed Power and Base Performance


    Engine(s): 8 x Water-tube boilers with 4 x General Electric geared steam turbines developing 212,000 horsepower to 4 x Shafts.

    Surface Speed: 28 knots (32 mph)
    Operational Range: 12,948 nautical miles (14,900 miles, 23,979 km)

    Armament / Air Wing


    1943:
    9 x 16" Mark 7 main guns in triple mountings across three turrets, two forward and one aft.
    12 x 5" Mark 12 DP guns
    80 x 40mm anti-aircraft guns
    49 x 20mm anti-aircraft guns

    1984:
    9 x 16" Mark 7 main guns in triple mountings across three turrets, two forward and one aft.
    12 x 5" Mark 12 DB guns
    8 x Quadruple Tomahawk surface-to-surface cruise missile launchers (32 x BGM-109 Tomahawk missiles)
    4 x Quadruple Harpoon surface-to-surface anti-ship missle launchers (16 x RGM-84 Harpoon missiles)
    4 x 20mm Phalanx CIWS
    8 x Mark 36 SRBOC Super Rapid Bloom chaff rocket launchers

    Aircraft: ORIGINAL: 2 x Curtiss SC-1 Seahawk floatplane (recoverable).
    LATER: 1 x Helicopter on stern helipad

    Global Operators


    United States

    Ships-in-Class (4)


    USS Iowa (BB-61); USS New Jersey (BB-62); USS Missouri (BB-63); USS Wisconsin (BB-64)

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