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USS Barry (DD-933) Destroyer (1956)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 10/16/2014

The USS Barry DD-933 destroyer operated with US naval forces throughout the bulk of the Cold War years, ending her reign as a museum ship in Washington D.C.

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The Forrest Sherman-class of destroyers was established in 1955 and became a warship group of eighteen-strong led by the USS Forrest Sherman (DD-931). The types were conventionally-powered vessels intended to counter a variety of threats anticipated during the West's "Cold War" with the Soviet Union. The enemy would have utilized attack submarines, aircraft and other surface warships during an all-out war and, as such, then-modern destroyers were properly outfitted with a plethora of weapon options to suit the threat. In this way, American destroyers were capable of engaging aerial, surface and undersea threats as well as supporting offshore actions during amphibious assaults or protecting components of the main fleet. These ship types were constructed in such a way to allow them to operate independently or as part of a larger force, in deep or coastal waters. In addition to their multi-layered armament, destroyers possessed favorable speed to meet with potential threats or escape imminent danger.

The third ship in the class became the USS Barry (DD-933), named after American Revolutionary War hero Commodore John Barry, often cited as the "father of the American Navy". Barry served in the Continental Navy, forerunner to the modern USN and took part in several notable battles of the war that led to American independence. His name eventually graced the hull of no fewer than four American warships including the all-modern Arleigh Burke-class USS John Barry (DDG-52) currently in active service (2013).

USS Barry (DD-933) was ordered on December 15th, 1952 as America was fully committed to the Korean War (1950-1953). She saw her keel laid down by Bath Iron Works (Bath, Maine USA) on March 15th, 1954 to which the hull was launched to sea on October 1st, 1955 by which time the Korean War has ended in a loose armistice. The USN officially acquired the vessel on August 31st, 1956 and commissioned it in September 7th, 1956.

As a destroyer-type vessel, Barry was a compact ship built with speed in mind. Her design was still rather conventional, incorporating an unobstructed forecastle mounting one forward deck gun, a superstructure at amidships and a stern deck gun (no helicopter deck was present). Two smoke funnels completed her side profile as did a pair of high-reaching masts - the forward mounting of a complicated lattice structure and the lower, aft mast of a tripod arrangement. The bridge was set aft of the forward gun (identified by its large windows) and near the top of the superstructure, providing a good view over the bow and to the forward sides of the ship. The helm was situated at the center of the bridge with the captain residing off to the left. He was given a forward cabin to remain near the bridge. A darkened actions room was attached to the rear of the bridge holding sensitive electronics, equipment and specialists to monitor them. The vessel held living quarters for its crew of 337 that included 22 officers and 315 enlisted. Power was served through 4 x 1,200lb boilers feeding 2 x steam turbines driving 2 x shafts at the stern. Maximum speed was 32 knots while displacement measured 4,000lbs under full load.


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Specifications for the
USS Barry (DD-933)
Destroyer


Country of Origin: United States
Initial Year of Service: 1956
Operators: United States


Crew: 337


Length: 418.5 ft (127.56 m)
Beam: 45 ft (13.72 m)
Draught: 19.5 ft (5.94 m)
Displacement: 4,050 tons


Machinery: 2 x Geared turbines delivering 70,000 shaft horsepower to 2 x shafts.

Surface Speed: 33 kts (38 mph)
Range: 5,180 miles (8,336 km)


Armament:
3 x 5" (127mm) /54 caliber deck guns
2 x 3" (76mm) /5- caliber dual-purpose guns in twin mountings.
2 x Mk 11 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) "Hedgehog" launchers.
6 x 21" (533mm) Mk 25 torpedo launchers.


Ship Class: Forrest Sherman-class
Number-in-Class: 18
Ships-in-Class: USS Forrest Sherman (DD-931); USS John Paul Jones (); USS Barry (); USS Decatur (); USS Davis (); USS Jonas Ingram (); USS Manley (); USS Du Pont (); USS Bigelow (); USS Blandy (); USS Mullinnix (); USS Hull (); USS Edson (); USS Somers (); USS Morton (); USS Parsons (); USS Richard S. Edwards (); USS Turner Joy ();