Moskva (Project 1164 Atlant) Guided Missile Cruiser (1983)
The Russian Navy still relies on the Cold War-era Moskva guided missile cruiser as of September 2013.
The Slava-class (Project 1164 Atlant) was a Soviet Cold War-era initiative intended to field some 10 guided missile cruisers for the Soviet Navy during the 1970s. Design work began in the 1960s and the types were scheduled to be outfitted with conventional propulsion, an array of sensors and processing systems and a plethora of missile armament to contend with the threat posed by Western aircraft and waterborne threats against Soviet territory and interests. In the end, only three of the planned vessels were ever completed due to the end of the Soviet Empire in 1991, leaving one incomplete hulk and six vessels to cancellation. The Moskva - originally commissioned as the Slava (meaning "Glory") - became the lead ship of the class and her keel was laid down in 1976 by 61 Kommunara Shipbuilding Plant. She was launched in 1979 and officially commissioned for Soviet Navy service on January 30th, 1983. Her name was changed in 1995 to honor the Russian capital city of Moscow and her primary station is as part of the Black Sea Fleet. "Project 1164 Atlant" is the Soviet Navy designation for the Slava-class.
The Moskva missile cruiser exhibits a wholly conventional design profile made up by an upward-sloping bow, centralized superstructure and stern helicopter landing deck. The Moskva features a singular deck gun along the forecastle, large missile launchers along the port and starboard sides and an enclosed forward mast containing radar, communications and sensitive processing systems. The bridge is fitted high atop the superstructure for a commanding view of the field ahead. An aft superstructure contains the aft mast and a pair of low-profile, enclosed smoke funnels. A small helicopter landing deck can manage a single twin-rotor Kamov Ka-25 or Ka-27 navalized helicopter or similar - anti-submarine warfare helicopters designed to specifically search, track and engage enemy submarines. The full crew complement consists of 480 personnel including the small air detachment. The vessel displaces at 11,500 tons and armor consists of splinter plating protection.
The Moskva is a conventionally-powered "blue water" vessel designed for operations far from shore, either independent or as part of the main Russian fleet. Propulsion is provided for by 4 x gas turbines arranged in a COGOG (COmbined Gas Or Gas) configuration developed for ultimate efficiency. COGOG allows for both low and high engine output for both general cruising and high-speed darting respectively. The configuration allows for better management of limited fuel stores and more flexibility in travel modes over older engine arrangements. A clutch system manages each turbines and total output produced is approximately 121,000 shaft horsepower delivering to 2 x shafts. Range is listed at 10,000 miles when maintaining a cruising speed of 16 knots.
The Moskva is outfitted with an array of sensors and processing systems led by its powerful Voskhod/Top Pair MR-800 series 3D long-range search radar providing a modern "all-seeing" digital suite. This is coupled with a Fregat MR-710 3D air search radar to counter incoming aerial threats. Navigation is assisted by the "Palm Frond" suite and fire control consists of several radar installations and applicable systems - the Bass Tilt AK-360 series handling short-ranged aerial threats (including cruise missiles), the MPZ-301 Baza SAM (Surface-to-Air Missile) control, the Door-C SSM (Surface-to-Surface Missile) control, the MG-332 Tigan-2T sonar array integrated into the bow and a Platina "Horse Tail" MF VDS (Variable Depth Sonar) fitted aft. Intercept and jamming antennas (the "Kol'cho" suite) help manage the onboard electronic warfare suite and 2 x 140mm PK-2 DL series chaff-flare dispensers are fitted to thwart incoming radar and missile threats.
Specifications for the
Moskva (Project 1164 Atlant)
Guided Missile Cruiser
Country of Origin: Soviet Union
Initial Year of Service: 1983
Operators: Russia; Soviet Union
Length: 611.5 ft (186.39 m)
Beam: 68.2 ft (20.79 m)
Draught: 27.6 ft (8.41 m)
Displacement: 11,500 tons
Machinery: 4 x Gas turbines in COGOG configuration developing 121,000 shaft horsepower to 2 x shafts.
Surface Speed: 32 kts (37 mph)
Range: 10,000 miles (16,093 km)
16 x SS-N-12 "SANDBOX" anti-ship missiles
8 x 8 S-300PMU "Favorit" (SA-N-6 "Grumble") anti-aircraft missile launchers (64 missiles).
2 x 20 OSA-MA (SA-N-4 "Gecko") short-range anti-aircraft missile (40 missiles).
1 x 130mm/L70 AK-130 twin-barreled dual-purpose (DP) deck gun.
6 x 30mm AK-630 Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs)
2 x RBU-6000 anti-submarine mortars
10 x 533mm Torpedo Tubes
Aircraft Arm: 1 x Kamov Ka-25 OR Kamov Ka-27 Anti-Submarine Warfare navy helicopter.
Ship Class: Slava-class
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