Military Factory

Russian Army Tanks Through History

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 12/14/2015

Despite the fall of the Soviet Empire in 1991, Russia has managed to keep pace with the West and continue its hugely successful T-tank line.





There are a total of (58) Russian Army Tanks through history in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service. This listing also includes tanks adopted during the Soviet years (as well as Lend-Lease tanks). The list of Soviet era-only tanks can be found here. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




2016
T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)
The T-14 "Armata" was debuted during the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade as the Main Battle Tank (MBT... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)

2013
T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
The current frontline Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT) remains the Third Generation T-90 introduced in... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)

2007
2S25 (Sprut-SD)
In 2007, the Russian Army adopted the 2S25 (also known as "Sprut-SD") series of tracked armored vehi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 2S25 (Sprut-SD)

2005
BMD-4 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The biggest challenge to modern-day war planners has always been properly outfitting their airborne-... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-4 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

1995
T-90
The T-90 is the current Main Battle Tank of the Russian Army and developed from the successful quali... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-90

1990
BMD-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The BMD-3 was a further installment in the relatively successful line of light amphibious, air-dropp... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

1987
BMP-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
Soviet Union engineers and factories garnered much experience in the massive armor battles against G... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

1985
BMD-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The BMD-2 was a further evolution of the BMD-1 line of amphibious light infantry fighting vehicles (... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

1982
BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
The Soviet Union introduced the concept of the Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) with the adoption of ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

1976
T-80
The T-80 of the Russian Army was born in the era of the Soviet Empire during the Cold War. The type ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-80

1972
T-72 (Ural)
The Soviets/Russians have always maintained a penchant for successful (and globally popular) tank de... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-72 (Ural)

1969
BMD-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
Since the tactic of utilizing airborne troops came to lethal fruition in World War 2, there always l... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

1966
BMP-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
The Soviet military was first major military power to widely adopt the concept of an "armored fighti... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

1966
T-64
The natural progression of Soviet tank design during the years following World War 2 eventually prod... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-64

1961
T-62
After the end of World War 2, the Soviet military had officially replaced their war-winning T-34 Med... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-62

1958
T-55
The T-55 was a further improved version of the T-54 Main Battle Tank series of 1949 intended to coun... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-55

1957
Object 279 (Obyekt 279)
The Russian Obyekt (translating to "Object") 279 Soviet heavy tank was developed in 1957 at the Kiro... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Object 279 (Obyekt 279)

1953
IS-10 / T-10 (Josef Stalin)
The T-10 can be considered the pinnacle "Josef Stalin" tank design as it is the tank that superceded... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the IS-10 / T-10 (Josef Stalin)

1952
PT-76
The PT-76 was developed shortly after Second World War. The weapon system is designated as a "Light ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the PT-76

1949
T-54
The T-54 series of Soviet main battle tank came about in the search for a viable replacement for the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-54

1945
IS-3 / JS-3 (Josef Stalin)
The IS-3 (also "Joseph Stalin" or "Iosef Stalin" IS3) heavy tank was a continuation of the successfu... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the IS-3 / JS-3 (Josef Stalin)

1944
T-44
Even as the fabled T-34 Medium Tank was coming online within the inventory of the Red Army during Wo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-44

1943
IS-2 / JS-2 (Josef Stalin)
The Soviet Army need for ever-more formidable tracked firepower came to the forefront after losses o... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the IS-2 / JS-2 (Josef Stalin)

1943
IS-1 / JS-1 (Josef Stalin)
The IS-1 was born out of a Soviet Army need for more formidable tracked weapon systems to combat the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the IS-1 / JS-1 (Josef Stalin)

1943
KV-85 (Klimenti Voroshilov)
The KV-85 was an interim heavy tank solution requested by Soviet authorities to help combat the arri... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the KV-85 (Klimenti Voroshilov)

1943
SdKfz 171 Panzerkampfwagen V Panther (PzKpfW V) / Panzer 5
Though initially mechanically unreliable at her inception, the Panther medium tank of the German Arm... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the SdKfz 171 Panzerkampfwagen V Panther (PzKpfW V) / Panzer 5

1943
T-34/85
The T-34/85 was essentially categorized as an "up-gunned" version of the successful base T-34 medium... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-34/85

1942
M4 Sherman (Medium Tank, M4)
The M4 Sherman series of medium tanks proved an invaluable asset to Allied operations North Africa, ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M4 Sherman (Medium Tank, M4)

1942
M3 Lee / M3 Grant (Medium Tank, M3)
The M3 medium tank series appeared at a time when Allied armor (in respects to both armor protection... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M3 Lee / M3 Grant (Medium Tank, M3)

1942
T-70
In October of 1941 - four months after the German invasion of the Soviet Union through "Operation Ba... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-70

1941
T-40
In the period following World War 1, there came a global military movement centering on more cost-ef... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-40

1941
NI Tank (Odessa Tank)
Operation Barbarossa was the German codename for the invasion of the Soviet Union which began on Jun... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the NI Tank (Odessa Tank)

1941
T-60
The T-60 light scout tank was designed and developed to replace the outclassed T-38 series of amphib... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-60

1941
M3 Stuart (Light Tank, M3)
The M3 "Stuart" Light Tank became the primary light tank vehicle for the United States Army heading ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the M3 Stuart (Light Tank, M3)

1941
Infantry Tank Mk IV Churchill (A22)
The Churchill served the British Army and allied forces as the most important of its type during Wor... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Tank Mk IV Churchill (A22)

1940
T-34
To Red Army authorities, it was becoming painfully clear that the BT series of "fast tanks" was not ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-34

1940
KV-2 (Klimenti Voroshilov)
The KV-2 assault gun tank was developed from the KV-1 series of heavy tanks appearing in 1939-1940 w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the KV-2 (Klimenti Voroshilov)

1939
KV-1 (Klimenti Voroshilov)
In 1938, the Soviet Union developed a prototype heavy tank of 58 tons designated as the T-100. The ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the KV-1 (Klimenti Voroshilov)

1939
LT vz 38 / PzKpfW 38(t) (SdKfz 140)
This light tank system initially began as a Czechoslovakian creation in the form of the LT vz 38 but... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the LT vz 38 / PzKpfW 38(t) (SdKfz 140)

1939
SdKfz 161 Panzerkampfwagen IV (PzKpfW IV) / Panzer 4
The Panzer IV (or "Panzerkampfwagen IV" and abbreviated as "Pz.KpfW. IV") formed the backbone of the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the SdKfz 161 Panzerkampfwagen IV (PzKpfW IV) / Panzer 4

1938
Vickers Mk VII (A17) (Tetrarch)
With the worsening situation in Europe during the late 1930s, it behooved the British to prepare for... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Mk VII (A17) (Tetrarch)

1937
T-38
The Soviet Army had always prized amphibious vehicles and undertook various projects to find sound s... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-38

1936
Type 95 Ha-Go (Ke-Go / Kyu-Go)
The Type 95 "Ha-Go" was a light tank design primarily utilized by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) d... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Type 95 Ha-Go (Ke-Go / Kyu-Go)

1936
7TP
The 7TP series was of a Polish light tank design, based on the British Vickers-Armstrong 6-ton light... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the 7TP

1935
T-35
Despite its formidable appearance by 1930 standards, the T-35 Heavy Tank ultimately proved an ill-fa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-35

1934
BT-7 (Bystrochodnij Tankov)
In the latter portion of the 1920s, the Soviet Army began looking to modernize their fleet of aging ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BT-7 (Bystrochodnij Tankov)

1933
T-28
In the early 1930s, the Soviets took to designing an indigenous tank - specifically the T-28 Medium ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-28

1933
T-37A
From the period of 1931 to 1941, the Red Army utilized the Carden-Loyd-inspired "tankette" through t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-37A

1933
BT-5 (Bystrochodnij Tankov)
The BT series of Soviet "Fast Tanks" was born out of a John Walter Christie design in the early 1930... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BT-5 (Bystrochodnij Tankov)

1932
BT-2 (Bystrochodnij Tankov)
Like many of the military powers prior to World War 2, the Red Army adopted a series of light, fast ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BT-2 (Bystrochodnij Tankov)

1931
T-26
As was the norm after World War 1 in all industrialized nations around the globe, Soviet warplanners... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-26

1928
T-18 (MS-1)
The T-18 was the first Soviet-designed and produced tank. Russia initially lacked the internal exper... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the T-18 (MS-1)

1928
Vickers 6-Ton (Mark E)
The Vickers 6-Ton (Mark E) was a light tank evaluated by the British Army but ultimately rejected. W... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers 6-Ton (Mark E)

1925
Vickers Medium Mark II
The combat tank made its debut on the battlefields of World War 1 (1914-1918) and proved a decisive ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Medium Mark II

1918
Medium Tank Mk A (Whippet)
The Medium Tank Mk A (also known as the "Whippet") was an armored vehicle specifically designed to e... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Medium Tank Mk A (Whippet)

1918
Tank Mk V
The Tank Mk V was a further evolution of the British "tank" - then known as "landship" - which began... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tank Mk V

1917
Renault FT-17
The Renault FT-17 series of light tank was an evolutionary design in the field of combat tanks that ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Renault FT-17

1915
Tsar Tank (Lebedenko Tank / Netopyr)
The Tsar Tank was an extraordinary - though ultimately failed - feat of Russian combat engineering t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tsar Tank (Lebedenko Tank / Netopyr)