Military Factory

Modern Combat Tanks

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 7/31/2015

Despite its origins in World War 1, the tank continues to be the primary spearhead of any modern mobile land army.

There are a total of (73) Modern Combat Tanks in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin. Future systems under consideration are also included in this listing.

T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)
The T-14 "Armata" was debuted during the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade as the Main Battle Tank (MBT) component of the propos...
Thumbnail picture of the T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)

Altay MBT
As one of the latest generation of Main Battle Tanks (MBT) currently in development, the new "Altay" tank is set to become on...
Thumbnail picture of the Altay MBT

MBT-3000 (Main Battle Tank 3000)
The MBT-3000 is a 3rd Generation Main Battle Tank (MBT) currently in the development stages for both export customers and the...
Thumbnail picture of the MBT-3000 (Main Battle Tank 3000)

T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
The current frontline Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT) remains the Third Generation T-90 introduced in 1991 (1,670 produced to ...
Thumbnail picture of the T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)

ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)
The ROK (Republic of Korea - i.e. "South Korea") Military has four branch divisions - the Army, Air Force, Navy and Marines. ...
Thumbnail picture of the ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)

Type 10 MBT
The Type 10 (TK-X) was developed under the project designation of "MBT-X" by the Japanese military establishment in the late ...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 10 MBT

HH Technologies Ripsaw UGV
The United States Army is evaluating various unmanned systems to field alongside its forward-operating infantry elements. The...
Thumbnail picture of the HH Technologies Ripsaw UGV

T-90M Bhishma
The Indian and Russian governments have maintained close military ties for some time leading India to stock its forces with e...
Thumbnail picture of the T-90M Bhishma

2S25 (Sprut-SD)
In 2007, the Russian Army adopted the 2S25 (also known as "Sprut-SD") series of tracked armored vehicles formally categorized...
Thumbnail picture of the 2S25 (Sprut-SD)

Sabra (M60T)
The Israeli-developed "Sabra" is a highly modified form of the American M60 "Patton" tank complete with a revised turret, mor...
Thumbnail picture of the Sabra (M60T)

ZBD2000 (Z-Family)
The massive expansion programs of the Chinese military in recent decades has added a new, all-modern amphibious tracked vehic...
Thumbnail picture of the ZBD2000 (Z-Family)

BMD-4 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The biggest challenge to modern-day war planners has always been properly outfitting their airborne-minded soldiers (classica...
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-4 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

Ramses II (T-54E)
The Soviet Union managed a strong foothold across nations of the Middle East and North Africa during the Cold War and this le...
Thumbnail picture of the Ramses II (T-54E)

HIT Al-Zarrar
In 1958, China undertook local production of the Soviet T-54A Main Battle Tank as the Type 59. Some 9,500 were produced until...
Thumbnail picture of the HIT Al-Zarrar

DRDO Arjun (Lion)
The Arjun (named after the Indian mythological hero "Arjuna") represents the first indigenous Indian tank design. Having rece...
Thumbnail picture of the DRDO Arjun (Lion)

HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)
The Al-Khalid is essentially a hybrid tank design with systems, armament and subsystems originating from a variety of global ...
Thumbnail picture of the HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)

CV90120 (CV90120-T / CV90-120)
The CV90120-T is related to the Swedish family of armored vehicles known under the collective designation of "Combat Vehicle ...
Thumbnail picture of the CV90120 (CV90120-T / CV90-120)

T-84 (Oplot)
The nation of Ukraine was under the Soviet sphere of influence up to 1990 when the Empire was dissolved amidst a move to a mo...
Thumbnail picture of the T-84 (Oplot)

DIO Zulfiqar
The Zulfiqar is a relatively recent main battle tank addition of Iranian design. The design is attributed to Iranian Brigadie...
Thumbnail picture of the DIO Zulfiqar

Challenger 2
The Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank represents the current standard MBT of the British Army. The type represents the pinnacle o...
Thumbnail picture of the Challenger 2

Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)
The Stridsvagn 122 (or Strv 122) is the Swedish designation for German Leopard 2A5 series main battle tanks in Swedish Army s...
Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)

Type 99 (ZTZ-99 / WZ-123)
The Type 99 is a formidable addition to the armored line up of the People's Liberation Army of China (PLA). The Type 99 first...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 99 (ZTZ-99 / WZ-123)

Type 96 (MBT)
With decades of experience in owning and operating Soviet/Russian combat tanks, it was only natural for the Chinese military ...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 96 (MBT)

XM8 / M8 Armored Gun System (AGS) (Close Combat Vehicle - Light)
While light tanks have lessened their presence on the modern battlefield over time, the US Army began looking at adding such ...
Thumbnail picture of the XM8 / M8 Armored Gun System (AGS) (Close Combat Vehicle - Light)

DIO T-72Z (T-55)
Not one to rest of its laurels concerning its military power, the Iranian Army took to modernizing its extensive fleet of T-5...
Thumbnail picture of the DIO T-72Z (T-55)

CIO Ariete
In 1984, the Italian concerns of OTO Melara and Iveco-FIAT came together to form CIO - "Consorzio Iveco Oto Melara". The goal...
Thumbnail picture of the CIO Ariete

Duro Dakovic M-95 Degman
In 1985, the nation of Yugoslavia introduced an indigenous development of the famous Soviet-era T-72 Main Battle Tank as the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Duro Dakovic M-95 Degman

PT-91 Twardy
The Main Battle Tank of the Polish Army is the PT-91 "Twardy", developed from the popular Soviet-era T-72 MBT (T-72M1). The P...
Thumbnail picture of the PT-91 Twardy

The T-90 is the current Main Battle Tank of the Russian Army and developed from the successful qualities of the preceding T-7...
Thumbnail picture of the T-90

AMX-56 Leclerc
The AMX-56 "Leclerc" has become the pinnacle of French combat tank design in the modern world. It represents the current main...
Thumbnail picture of the AMX-56 Leclerc

Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)
Despite a design origin that possibly dates back to the late 1980s, the Pokpung-ho ("Storm Tiger") Main Battle Tank remains s...
Thumbnail picture of the Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)

Type 90 (Kyu-maru)
The Japanese-produced Type 90 Main Battle Tank is in service with the Japanese Self-Defense Force and features the German-des...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 90 (Kyu-maru)

CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)
The CM-11 was a Taiwanese creation that evolved the American-made M48 Patton series (in particular the M48H production model)...
Thumbnail picture of the CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)

BMD-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The BMD-3 was a further installment in the relatively successful line of light amphibious, air-droppable infantry fighting ve...
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

Cadillac Gage Stingray
The Stingray Light Tank was developed as a private venture by Cadillac Gage (now Textron Marine & Land Systems) with the budg...
Thumbnail picture of the Cadillac Gage Stingray

BMP-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
Soviet Union engineers and factories garnered much experience in the massive armor battles against German and Axis forces tha...
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

ROTEM K1 (Type 88)
The South Korean military has used tanks developed and produced in the United States from the time of the Korean War. In the ...
Thumbnail picture of the ROTEM K1 (Type 88)

TR-85 (Tanc Romanesc Model 85)
From 1944 to 1958, the Soviet military maintained a heavy presence in the nation of Romania, spoils of its war as it were, du...
Thumbnail picture of the TR-85 (Tanc Romanesc Model 85)

M-84 (MBT)
In January of 1946, Yugoslavia accepted a communistic government aligned with the Soviet Union. This allowed for political an...
Thumbnail picture of the M-84 (MBT)

BMD-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The BMD-2 was a further evolution of the BMD-1 line of amphibious light infantry fighting vehicles (IFV) intended to be air-d...
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

Type 85 (YW531H)
The PT-85 is a light amphibious tank system (may also be known as the "Type 82" or "Type 85") in service with the North Korea...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 85 (YW531H)

Type 85-II
The Type 85-II Main Battle Tank (MBT) of the Chinese Army is a further evolution of its Type 80 MBT line. Key changes to the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 85-II

Type 80 MBT
The Chinese Army Type 80 Main Battle Tank (MBT) is a further development of its Type 69 MBT of 1982, itself an outgrowth of t...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 80 MBT

TAMSE TAM (Tanque Argentino Mediano)
Attempting to modernized its extensively outdated armored corps consisting of World War 2-era M4 Sherman Medium Tanks and M3/...
Thumbnail picture of the TAMSE TAM (Tanque Argentino Mediano)

BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
The Soviet Union introduced the concept of the Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) with the adoption of its BMP-1 in 1966. The ty...
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

OTO Melara OF-40
Recognizing the need for a budget main battle tank on the world market, the Italian concerns of OTO Melara and FIAT combined ...
Thumbnail picture of the OTO Melara OF-40

Chonma-ho (Pegasus)
At present, the Chonma-ho (or "Sky Horse" or "Pegasus") represents one of the more numerous and modern of all the North Korea...
Thumbnail picture of the Chonma-ho (Pegasus)

Khalid (Sword) MBT
The Khalid Main Battle Tank was born out of the aborted "Shir 1" initiative undertaken by the British to fulfill an Iranian A...
Thumbnail picture of the Khalid (Sword) MBT

M1 Abrams
The M1 Abrams was designed by Chrysler Defense and produced under the General Dynamics brand. The tank was introduced in 1979...
Thumbnail picture of the M1 Abrams

Leopard 2 MBT
For much of the Cold War, it fell upon NATO and the West to match wits against the latest Soviet combat tank / Main Battle Ta...
Thumbnail picture of the Leopard 2 MBT

Merkava (Chariot)
The Merkava series of main battle tank represents the backbone of Israeli armor elements. The system was the result of extens...
Thumbnail picture of the Merkava (Chariot)

Denel Olifant (Elephant)
The South African "Olifant" became a further evolution of the original British Cold War-era Centurion Main Battle Tank (MBT)....
Thumbnail picture of the Denel Olifant (Elephant)

TR-580 (Tanc Romanesc Model 580)
The TR-580 existed as a local Romanian offshoot of the popular Soviet-era T-55 Main Battle Tank (MBT). The design was brought...
Thumbnail picture of the TR-580 (Tanc Romanesc Model 580)

Panhard ERC 90
The French concerns of Renault and Panhard submitted designs to fulfill a 1970s French Army requirement for new 4x4 and 6x6 a...
Thumbnail picture of the Panhard ERC 90

The T-80 of the Russian Army was born in the era of the Soviet Empire during the Cold War. The type was a further evolution o...
Thumbnail picture of the T-80

Type 74 (Nana-yon)
A joint partnership between the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in 1972 led to the...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 74 (Nana-yon)

T-72 (Ural)
The Soviets/Russians have always maintained a penchant for successful (and globally popular) tank designs since they unveiled...
Thumbnail picture of the T-72 (Ural)

Alvis FV107 Scimitar
The Alvis FV107 Scimitar is a light armored reconnaissance platform primarily in service with the British Army. The vehicle i...
Thumbnail picture of the Alvis FV107 Scimitar

Jagdpanzer SK 105 Kurassier
The Jagdpanzer SK 105 Light Tank was a tank destroyer developed by Saurer-Werke for the Austrian Army during the Cold War. It...
Thumbnail picture of the Jagdpanzer SK 105 Kurassier

BMD-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
Since the tactic of utilizing airborne troops came to lethal fruition in World War 2, there always lay the challenge of outfi...
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

The natural progression of Soviet tank design during the years following World War 2 eventually produced the T-64 Main Battle...
Thumbnail picture of the T-64

BMP-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
The Soviet military was first major military power to widely adopt the concept of an "armored fighting infantry carrier" thro...
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

Leopard 1 MBT
The German war-making capacity was dismantled by the victors following the end of the war in Europe. The Soviet Union took Be...
Thumbnail picture of the Leopard 1 MBT

Chieftain MBT
The original Centurion Main Battle Tank (A41) of 1945 was a hugely successful British Army initiative enacted during World Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Chieftain MBT

Vickers MBT
The Vickers Main Battle Tank series was created with export customers in mind. It was soon discovered that foreign operators ...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers MBT

Type 62
Yet another in the long line of NORINCO designs inspired by Soviet-era purchases, the Type 62 (classified as a "light tank") ...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 62

Type 63 (WZ211)
The Chinese-built NORINCO (China NORth INdustries COrporation) Type 63 Light Tank drew its influence from the Soviet PT-76 Li...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 63 (WZ211)

After the end of World War 2, the Soviet military had officially replaced their war-winning T-34 Medium Tank series with the ...
Thumbnail picture of the T-62

M60 (Patton)
The M60 "Patton" Main Battle Tank began development in 1957 to counter rumors that the Soviets were working on a new main bat...
Thumbnail picture of the M60 (Patton)

The T-55 was a further improved version of the T-54 Main Battle Tank series of 1949 intended to counter the new American M60 ...
Thumbnail picture of the T-55

M41 Walker Bulldog
The M41 was designed and developed as the direct successor to the World War 2-era M24 Chaffee light tank. The M24 served a va...
Thumbnail picture of the M41 Walker Bulldog

The T-54 series of Soviet main battle tank came about in the search for a viable replacement for the war-winning T-34 Medium ...
Thumbnail picture of the T-54

To Red Army authorities, it was becoming painfully clear that the BT series of "fast tanks" was not the long term answer for ...
Thumbnail picture of the T-34