Main Battle Tanks (MBTs)
Despite advances in armor-defeating weapon systems, the Main Battle Tank remains the symbol of every modern army's true strength on the battlefield.
The "tank" as we know it made its combat debut in the fighting of World War 1 (1914-1918) where development in the field was primarily led by the British and French. Ironically it would be the Germans that proved late to the game in appreciating the tactical qualities that a tank offered in Trench Warfare. From there, the category evolved from the large lozenge-shaped versions of old to become turret-wielding systems capable of superior performance both on- and off-road.
The battles of World War 2 (1939-1945) showcased the tank as the spearhead of the ground assault and helped to lay the foundation for a new category of tank,one designed with a multirole nature in mind - giving rise to what we recognize today as the "Main Battle Tank" (MBT). Despite its age, the MBT remains the symbol of strength for many modern land forces of the world with such classic designs as the American M1 Abrams, the British Challenger II, the German Leopard II, the French LeClerc, and the Soviet/Russian T-72 still in play.
There are a total of (67) Main Battle Tanks in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by alphanumeric order descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin.
The T-14 Armata Main Battle Tank marks a new era of Russian tank design.
Some 1,000 Altay Main Battle Tanks are slated for procurement by the modernizing Turkish Army.
The NORINCO MBT-3000 program will provide the Chinese land army and its allies with a 3rd Generation Main Battle Tank by late 2014.
The T-99 Armata was unveiled to key Russian government officials in prototype form sometime in 2013.
The ROTEM K2 Black Panther operates alongside the ROTEM K1 Main Battle Tanks series with the South Korean Army.
The Type 10 Main Battle Tank is intended to replace the existing Type 74 and Type 90 series tanks currently in service with Japanese forces.
The Sabra Main Battle Tank is a highly-modified and upgraded version of the American M60 Patton series.
The Ramses II is a heavily-modified Egyptian version of the Soviet Cold War-era T-54 Main Battle Tank.
With Ukranian assistance, Pakistan developed the Al Zarrar Main Battle Tank based on the Chinese Type 59 series.
The Arjun Mk II is expected to vastly improve the overall capabilities of the original Arjun MBT offering for the Indian Army.
The Al Khalid is nothing more than the NORINCO brand Type 90-IIM Main Battle Tank developed to suit Pakistani Army requirements.
Development of the indigenous Iranian Zulfiqar Main Battle Tank has been lengthy but promising.
The T-84 is a much-improved Ukranian development of the original Soviet-era T-80 Main Battle Tank.
The Strv 122 is nothing more than the German Leopard 2A5 highly customized for Swedish Army needs.
The NORINCO Type 98 first appeared in 1998 and, though it has been beset by some early teething problems, is suspected to be on par with current generation MBTs around the world.
The lethal Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank system currently forms the backbone of modern British Army tank groups.
The Chinese Type 96 Main Battle Tank is based on the previous Type 85-III series design, itself evolved from the Type 80 MBT.
The Iranian T-72Z Main Battle Tank represents a localized, modernized version of the ubiquitous Soviet Cold War-era T-55 MBT series.
The CIO Ariete Main Battle Tank is on par with other Western offerings and has seen production reach 200 examples for the Italian Army.
The Russian T-90 became the next evolution of the Soviet-era T-72 line incorporating proven features found in the Soviet T-80.
The PT-91 Twardy represents a successful evolution of the popular Soviet-era T-72 Main Battle Tank line.
With ever-present delays and a lack of funding, the Croatian M-95 Degman may never see operational service with any army force.
The Japanese Army Type 90 Main Battle Tank represents a respectable frontline combat system.
The AMX-56 LeClerc is a fully-modern - though largely untested in combat - main battle tank for French and UAE armed forces.
The North Korean Pokpung-ho main battle tank is thought to be a heavy modification of the Russian T-62 with elements borrowed from other Russian tanks as well.
The Taiwanese CM-11 Main Battle Tank represents a heavily-modified and upgraded form of the American M48 Patton series medium tank of the Cold War years.
The privately-funded Engesa EE-T1 Main Battle Tank went on to be produced in just two prototypes before cancellation.
The export-minded AMX-40 Main Battle Tank failed to net any global orders and was formally cancelled by 1990.
The TR-85 is a Romanian modification of the Soviet Cold War-era T-55 Main Battle Tank.
The ROTEM K1 is the standard frontline main battle tank for South Korean army forces.
The Type 85-II is a further evolution of the preceding Chinese Army Type 80 Main Battle Tank.
The NORINCO Type 80 became the first Chinese 2nd Generation tank system.
The M-84 Main Battle Tank was a Yugoslavian local-production variant of the Soviet T-72 and was fielded in anger during the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s.
The Bernardini MB-3 Tamoyo Main Battle Tank was destined to never go past the prototype stages.
The Challenger 1 Main Battle Tank design was born from the aborted Iranian Shir 2 Main Battle Tank initiative following the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
The Chinese-produced Type 69 Main Battle Tank - itself an evolution of the Soviet T-54A - went on to see strong export numbers.
The OTO Melara OF-40 Main Battle Tank was developed from the outset for the export market, the UAE becoming its sole operator.
The Chonma-ho has its roots in the Soviet-era T-62 main battle tank.
The Jordanian Khalid Main Battle Tank was born out of the aborted Iranian-British Shir 1 MBT project, itself based on a modified Chieftain MBT.
The American M1 Abrams has become a proven main battle tank in its use as a frontline component.
The Leopard 2 was born out of the abortive MBT-70 collaboration with the United States.
The Merkava tank was the first indigenous Israeli tank design and has already seen its fair share of combat in the region.
The AMX-32 was offered up as a heavy-duty alternative to AMX-30 tank users though no takers for the system were found.
The South African Olifant Main Battle Tank is a further development of the original Cold War-era British Centurion MBT.
The Romanian TR-580 became a locally-produced - slightly-modified - version of the classic Soviet T-55 Main Battle Tank
The Soviet/Russian T-80 Main Battle Tank was a modernized T-64 with improvements borrowed from the successful T-72 series.
The Mitsubishi-designed Type 74 Main Battle Tank.
One of the most successful post-World War 2 tank designs of all time is the T-72, following behind the T-54/T-55 series.
The Swizz-made Panzer 68 Main Battle Tank suffered from various issues during its operational service life.
The Israeli Magach grew out of modified versions of American M48 and M60 Patton series tanks delivered throughout the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.
The AMX-30 is a solid - if unspectacular - main battle tank system with no on-the-move firing capabilities.
The wholly-unique, but ultimately largely unproven, Stridsvagn Strv 103 combat tank of Sweden.
The T-64 was said to have been plagued by mechanical problems, leading to a short production life.
The Vickers Main Battle Tank was developed with the budget-conscious export market in mind.
The Chieftain Main Battle Tank saw many years of solid service with British forces while export sales were primarily with Middle East customers.
The Leopard 1 design touched upon German successes from World War Two.
The ill-fated MBT-70 program was a failed joint effort by the United States and West Germany to produce a next generation main battle tank.
The Panzer 61 was a rare Swiss tank endeavor of which 150 of the type were produced.
The Type 61 was the first indigenous Japanese tank-design effort since the end of World War 2.
The T-62 Main Battle Tank was a further development of the successful T-54/T-55-series but failed to outright replace the former designs.
The M60 Main Battle Tank was never officially named Patton despite it succeeding the interim M48 Patton Medium Tank family.
The Type 59 was nothing more than a Chinese copy of the Soviet T-54 main battle tank.
The T-55 Main Battle Tank was a further upgrade to the T-54 series appearing in the late 1950s and intended to counter the new American M60 series.
The Strv 74 Light Tank was a wholly indigenous Swedish tank design based on the evolved World War 2-era Strv m/42 Light Tank series.
The Panzer 58 began a short-lived run of indigenously-produced Swiss combat tanks of the Cold War years.
The T-54 Main Battle Tank succeeded the fabled Soviet T-34 Medium Tank of World War 2 fame.
Undoubtedly one of the most successful tank designs in the post-World War 2 world - the excellent Centurion MBT.
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