Military Factory

Main Battle Tanks (MBTs)

Despite advances in armor-defeating systems, the Main Battle Tank remains the symbol of every modern army's true strength on the battlefield.

The first true tanks were of British origination and presented as the "Landships" of World War 1. Primarily used as infantry support systems, the tank proved critical in several major late-war victories for the Allies. During the decades following, tighter defense budgets limited advanced development and it was not until the German Blitzkrieg of World War 2 that tanks saw a "renaissance". During the war, the light, medium and heavy tank classes ruled the battlefields with each design intended to outdo the previous. At the close of the war, the "Main Battle Tank" was born with the introduction of the British "Centurion" in 1945. This effectively produced a single class with qualities of the three previous. Today, the Main Battle Tank enjoys a dominance of the battlefield that has only served in developing evermore potent anti-tank measures in turn.


There are a total of 65 Main Battle Tanks in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service. Flag images indicative of country of origin.


2020
T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
The current frontline Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT) remains the Third Generation T-90 introduced in 1991 (1,670 produced to ...

2015
Altay MBT
As one of the latest generation of Main Battle Tanks (MBT) currently in development, the new "Altay" tank is set to become on...

2014
MBT-3000 (Main Battle Tank 3000)
The MBT-3000 is a 3rd Generation Main Battle Tank (MBT) currently in the development stages for both export customers and the...

2012
Type 10 MBT
The Type 10 (TK-X) was developed under the project designation of "MBT-X" by the Japanese military establishment in the late ...

2007
ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)
The ROK (Republic of Korea - i.e. "South Korea") Military has four branch divisions - the Army, Air Force, Navy and Marines. ...

2007
Sabra MBT (M60T)
The Israeli-developed "Sabra" is a highly modified form of the American M60 "Patton" tank complete with a revised turret, mor...

2005
Ramses II (T-54E)
The Soviet Union managed a strong foothold across nations of the Middle East and North Africa during the Cold War and this le...

2004
HIT Al-Zarrar
In 1958, China undertook local production of the Soviet T-54A Main Battle Tank as the Type 59. Some 9,500 were produced until...

2004
DRDO Arjun (Lion)
The Arjun (named after the Indian mythological hero "Arjuna") represents the first indigenous Indian tank design. Having rece...

2001
HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)
The Al-Khalid is essentially a hybrid tank design with systems, armament and subsystems originating from a variety of global ...

1999
DIO Zulfiqar
The Zulfiqar is a relatively recent main battle tank addition of Iranian design. The design is attributed to Iranian Brigadie...

1999
T-84
The nation of Ukraine was under the Soviet sphere of influence up to 1990 when the Empire was dissolved amidst a move to a mo...

1998
Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)
The Stridsvagn 122 (or Strv 122) is the Swedish designation for German Leopard 2A5 series main battle tanks in Swedish Army s...

1998
Type 99 (Type 98G)
The Type 99 is a considerable and formidable addition to the armor line up of the People's Liberation Army of China. The Type...

1998
Challenger 2
The Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank represents the current standard MBT of the British Army. The type represents the pinnacle o...

1997
Type 96 (MBT)
With decades of experience in owning and operating Soviet/Russian combat tanks, it was only natural for the Chinese military ...

1996
DIO T-72Z (T-55)
Not one to rest of its laurels concerning its military power, the Iranian Army took to modernizing its extensive fleet of T-5...

1995
CIO Ariete
In 1984, the Italian concerns of OTO Melara and Iveco-FIAT came together to form CIO - "Consorzio Iveco Oto Melara". The goal...

1995
T-90
The T-90 is the current Main Battle Tank of the Russian Army and developed from the successful qualities of the preceding T-7...

1995
Duro Dakovic M95 Degman
The Croatian Duro Dakovic M95 Degman Main Battle Tank is a locally-produced weapon system that shares many similarities with ...

1994
PT-91
The PT-91 Twardy (roughly translated to "Tough") is a further development of the Soviet T-72 series of main battle tank, thou...

1992
Type 90 (Kyu-maru)
The Japanese-produced Type 90 Main Battle Tank is in service with the Japanese Self-Defense Force and features the German-des...

1992
AMX-56 Leclerc
The AMX-56 "Leclerc" has become the pinnacle of French combat tank design in the modern world. It represents the current main...

1992
Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)
Despite a design origin that possibly dates back to the late 1980s, the Pokpung-ho ("Storm Tiger") Main Battle Tank remains s...

1990
CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)
The CM-11 was a Taiwanese creation that evolved the American-made M48 Patton series (in particular the M48H production model)...

1987
Engesa EE-T1 Osorio
In the early 1980s, the Brazilian concern of Engesa undertook a private venture initiative to produce a modern Main Battle Ta...

1986
AMX-40
The AMX-40 was an abandoned French main battle tank design intended for export to succeed the equally export-minded AMX-32 se...

1986
TR-85
From 1944 to 1958, the Soviet military maintained a heavy presence in the nation of Romania, spoils of its war as it were, du...

1986
ROTEM K1 (Type 88)
The South Korean military has used tanks developed and produced in the United States from the time of the Korean War. In the ...

1985
Type 85-II
The NORINCO-produced Type-85-II is a further development of the Type 80 main battle tank but offers up a host of improvements...

1985
M-84 (MBT)
In January of 1946, Yugoslavia accepted a communistic government aligned with the Soviet Union. This allowed for political an...

1983
Olifant (Elephant)
The Olifant is a further development of the successful British Centurion tank design. When the UN imposed a trade embargo on ...

1983
Bernardini MB-3 Tamoyo
The original M41 Walker Bulldog Light Tank was an American product of lessons learned through World War 2. Design work on the...

1983
Challenger 1
The original combat "tank" was born out of the fighting that was World War 1. However, these were hardly representative of th...

1981
OTO Melara OF-40
Recognizing the need for a budget main battle tank on the world market, the Italian concerns of OTO Melara and FIAT combined ...

1981
Chonma-ho (Pegasus)
At present, the Chonma-ho (or "Sky Horse" or "Pegasus") represents one of the more numerous and modern of all the North Korea...

1981
Khalid (Sword) MBT
The Khalid Main Battle Tank was born out of the aborted "Shir 1" initiative undertaken by the British to fulfill an Iranian A...

1980
Type 80
The NORINCO Type 80 is based on the Type 69 main battle tank albeit with an entirely new hull design making the Type 80 an en...

1980
M1 Abrams
The M1 Abrams was designed by Chrysler Defense and produced under the General Dynamics brand. The tank was introduced in 1979...

1979
Leopard 2 MBT
For much of the Cold War, it fell upon NATO and the West to match wits against the latest Soviet combat tank / Main Battle Ta...

1979
Merkava Chariot
The Merkava series of main battle tank represents the backbone of Israeli armor elements. The system was the result of extens...

1979
AMX-32
The AMX-32 was a further development of the commercially successful French-made AMX-30 main battle tank. Along with improveme...

1976
T-80
The T-80 of the Russian Army was born in the era of the Soviet Empire during the Cold War. The type was a further evolution o...

1975
Type 74 (Nana-yon)
A joint partnership between the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in 1972 led to the...

1972
T-72 (Ural)
The Soviets/Russians have always maintained a penchant for successful (and globally popular) tank designs since they unveiled...

1971
Panzer 68 (Pz 68)
The Korean War (1950-1953) tied up major Western powers both logistically and politically leaving nations such as Switzerland...

1969
Type 69
The NORINCO-produced Type 69 is a further indigenous development based on previous Soviet hardware purchases. The Type 69 is ...

1968
Magach (M48 / M60)
Israel needed tanks to defend her borders from the Arab states and the American M48 tank was the best choice based on reliabi...

1966
T-64
The natural progression of Soviet tank design during the years following World War 2 eventually produced the T-64 Main Battle...

1966
AMX-30
The AMX-30 stemmed from a post-World War 2 design that saw many nations in Europe attempting to refit and update their armor ...

1966
Stridsvagn 103 (S-Tank)
The Scandinavian Strv 103 'S-Tank' was an extreme departure from conventional main battle tank design in post-war Europe, or ...

1965
Chieftain
The original Centurion Main Battle Tank (A41) of 1945 was a hugely successful British Army initiative enacted during World Wa...

1965
Leopard 1 MBT
The German war-making capacity was dismantled by the victors following the end of the war in Europe. The Soviet Union took Be...

1965
Vickers MBT
The Vickers Main Battle Tank series was created with export customers in mind. It was soon discovered that foreign operators ...

1965
MBT-70 (KPz-70)
The Cold War in Europe spanned from 1947 into 1991 and the undisputed enemy to the democratic world was the nuclear-armed Sov...

1965
Panzer 61 (Pz 61)
With American and European military and political commitments focused attention on the Korean Peninsula for the Korean War (1...

1961
Type 61
After the close of hostilities in World War 2, the Japanese Empire was rightfully stripped of all war-making capabilities tha...

1961
T-62
After the end of World War 2, the Soviet military had officially replaced their war-winning T-34 Medium Tank series with the ...

1960
M60 (Patton)
The M60 "Patton" Main Battle Tank began development in 1957 to counter rumors that the Soviets were working on a new main bat...

1959
Type 59
The NORINCO-produced Type 59 was actually based on the purchase and subsequent local licensed production of the Soviet T-54 m...

1958
T-55
The T-55 was a further improved version of the T-54 Main Battle Tank series of 1949 intended to counter the new American M60 ...

1958
Stridsvagn 74 (Strv 74)
The Swedes have long held a history of capable indigenous arms production and this was showcased to good effect prior to and ...

1958
Panzer 58 (Pz 58)
Long reliant on foreign products to stock its armored corps, the small European nation of Switzerland was forced to turn to a...

1949
T-54
The T-54 series of Soviet main battle tank came about in the search for a viable replacement for the war-winning T-34 Medium ...

1945
Centurion (A41)
Though requested as early as 1943 and entering production in January of 1945, the British Centurion Main Battle Tank arrived ...
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