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  • Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day

    Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day

    Despite advances in armor-defeating weapons, the Main Battle Tank remains the cornerstone of every modern land army's true strength on the battlefield.





    The Main Battle Tank (MBT) became a primary battlefield fixture in the years following World War 2 (1939-1945). During the conflict, land forces relied on a mix of light, medium and heavy tank types to fulfill various requirements. The MBT arose out of a need for a "Universal Tank" concept capable of achieving the same results through a single design. With the advent of lighter composite armor, engineers fashioned a new fighting machine which has remained the mainstay of modern land forces today.


    The first true Main Battle Tank came from the British who unveiled their Centurion A41 in 1945. This was then followed by competing designs from the Soviet Union (the classic T-54/T-55 lines) and the United States (through their M60 "Patton"). In more recent years, some land forces have been abandoning the MBT concept in favor of more mobile, lightweight wheeled armored vehicles. Additionally, Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs)) have increased their lethality and forced major protection revisions from MBT designers - leading to the thought that the MBT may very well be seeing its last decade of battlefield dominance.


    There are a total of (70) Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day (MBTs) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin.





    Please wait while all 70 records are loaded into this space.




       
    T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     2016 
       
    Otokar Altay
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     2015 
       
    NORINCO MBT-3000 (VT-4)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     2014 
       
    T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
    Multirole Armored Vehicle
     2013 
       
    ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     2013 
       
    Type 10 MBT
    Main Battle Tank
     2012 
       
    T-90M Bhishma
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     2009 
       
    Sabra (M60T)
    Main Battle Tank
     2007 
       
    Ramses II (T-54E)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     2005 
       
    HIT Al-Zarrar
    Main Battle Tank
     2004 
       
    DRDO Arjun (Lion)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     2004 
       
    HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     2001 
       
    DIO Zulfiqar
    Main Battle Tank
     1999 
       
    T-84 (Oplot)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1999 
       
    Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1998 
       
    NORINCO Type 99 (ZTZ-99 / WZ-123)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1998 
       
    Challenger 2
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1998 
       
    Type 96 (MBT)
    Main Battle Tank
     1997 
       
    DIO T-72Z (T-55)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1996 
       
    CIO Ariete
    Main Battle Tank
     1995 
       
    T-90
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1995 
       
    PT-91 Twardy
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1995 
       
    Duro Dakovic M-95 Degman
    Prototype Main Battle Tank
     1995 
       
    Type 90 (Kyu-maru)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1992 
       
    AMX-56 Leclerc
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1992 
       
    Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)
    Main Battle Tank
     1992 
       
    CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1990 
       
    Engesa EE-T1 Osorio
    Main Battle Tank
     1987 
       
    AMX-40
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1986 
       
    TR-85 (Tanc Romanesc Model 85)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1986 
       
    ROTEM K1 (Type 88)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1986 
       
    NORINCO Type 85-II
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1985 
       
    NORINCO Type 80
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1985 
       
    M-84 (MBT)
    Main Battle Tank
     1985 
       
    Bernardini MB-3 Tamoyo
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1983 
       
    Challenger 1
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1983 
       
    NORINCO Type 69
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1982 
       
    OTO-Melara OF-40
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1981 
       
    Chonma-ho (Pegasus)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1981 
       
    Khalid (Sword) MBT
    Main Battle Tank
     1981 
       
    M1 Abrams
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1980 
       
    Leopard 2
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1979 
       
    Merkava (Chariot)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1979 
       
    AMX-32
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1979 
       
    Denel Olifant (Elephant)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1978 
       
    TR-580 (Tanc Romanesc Model 580)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1977 
       
    T-80
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1976 
       
    Type 74 (Nana-yon)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1975 
       
    T-72 (Ural)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1972 
       
    Panzer 68 (Pz 68)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1971 
       
    Sho't (Whip)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1970 
       
    Magach (M48 / M60)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1968 
       
    AMX-30
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1966 
       
    Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103) (S-Tank)
    Main Battle Tank
     1966 
       
    T-64
    Main Battle Tank
     1966 
       
    Vickers MBT
    Main Battle Tank
     1965 
       
    Chieftain MBT
    Main Battle Tank
     1965 
       
    Leopard 1
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1965 
       
    MBT-70 (KPz-70)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1965 
       
    Panzer 61 (Pz 61)
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1965 
       
    Type 61
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1961 
       
    T-62
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1961 
       
    M60 (Patton)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1960 
       
    NORINCO Type 59
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1959 
       
    T-55
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1958 
       
    Stridsvagn 74 (Strv 74)
    Light Tank / Main Battle Tank
     1958 
       
    Panzer 58 (Pz 58)
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1958 
       
    Stridsvagn 104 (Strv 104)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1953 
       
    T-54
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1949 
       
    Centurion (A41)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)
     1945