• HOME
  • Military Pay Scale
  • Military Ranks
  • Aircraft & Helicopters
  • Vehicles & Artillery
  • Infantry Small Arms
  • Warships & Submarines

  • Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day

    Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day

    Despite advances in armor-defeating weapons, the Main Battle Tank remains the cornerstone of every modern land army's true strength on the battlefield.





    The Main Battle Tank (MBT) became a primary battlefield fixture in the years following World War 2 (1939-1945). During the conflict, land forces relied on a mix of light, medium and heavy tank types to fulfill various requirements. The MBT arose out of a need for a "Universal Tank" concept capable of achieving the same results through a single design. With the advent of lighter composite armor, engineers fashioned a new fighting machine which has remained the mainstay of modern land forces today.


    The first true Main Battle Tank came from the British who unveiled their Centurion A41 in 1945. This was then followed by competing designs from the Soviet Union (the classic T-54/T-55 lines) and the United States (through their M60 "Patton"). In more recent years, some land forces have been abandoning the MBT concept in favor of more mobile, lightweight wheeled armored vehicles. Additionally, Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs)) have increased their lethality and forced major protection revisions from MBT designers - leading to the thought that the MBT may very well be seeing its last decade of battlefield dominance.


    There are a total of (70) Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day (MBTs) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin.



    Please wait while all 70 records are loaded into this space.


    2016
    Thumbnail picture of the T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)

    T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    2015
    Thumbnail picture of the Altay MBT

    Altay MBT
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    2014
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO MBT-3000 (VT-4)

    NORINCO MBT-3000 (VT-4)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    2013
    Thumbnail picture of the T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)

    T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
    Multirole Armored Vehicle


    2013
    Thumbnail picture of the ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)

    ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    2012
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 10 MBT

    Type 10 MBT
    Main Battle Tank


    2009
    Thumbnail picture of the T-90M Bhishma

    T-90M Bhishma
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    2007
    Thumbnail picture of the Sabra (M60T)

    Sabra (M60T)
    Main Battle Tank


    2005
    Thumbnail picture of the Ramses II (T-54E)

    Ramses II (T-54E)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    2004
    Thumbnail picture of the HIT Al-Zarrar

    HIT Al-Zarrar
    Main Battle Tank


    2004
    Thumbnail picture of the DRDO Arjun (Lion)

    DRDO Arjun (Lion)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    2001
    Thumbnail picture of the HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)

    HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1999
    Thumbnail picture of the DIO Zulfiqar

    DIO Zulfiqar
    Main Battle Tank


    1999
    Thumbnail picture of the T-84 (Oplot)

    T-84 (Oplot)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1998
    Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)

    Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1998
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 99 (ZTZ-99 / WZ-123)

    NORINCO Type 99 (ZTZ-99 / WZ-123)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1998
    Thumbnail picture of the Challenger 2

    Challenger 2
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1997
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 96 (MBT)

    Type 96 (MBT)
    Main Battle Tank


    1996
    Thumbnail picture of the DIO T-72Z (T-55)

    DIO T-72Z (T-55)
    Main Battle Tank


    1995
    Thumbnail picture of the CIO Ariete

    CIO Ariete
    Main Battle Tank


    1995
    Thumbnail picture of the T-90

    T-90
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1995
    Thumbnail picture of the PT-91 Twardy

    PT-91 Twardy
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1995
    Thumbnail picture of the Duro Dakovic M-95 Degman

    Duro Dakovic M-95 Degman
    Prototype Main Battle Tank


    1992
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 90 (Kyu-maru)

    Type 90 (Kyu-maru)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1992
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-56 Leclerc

    AMX-56 Leclerc
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1992
    Thumbnail picture of the Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)

    Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)
    Main Battle Tank


    1990
    Thumbnail picture of the CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)

    CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1987
    Thumbnail picture of the Engesa EE-T1 Osorio

    Engesa EE-T1 Osorio
    Main Battle Tank


    1986
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-40

    AMX-40
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1986
    Thumbnail picture of the TR-85 (Tanc Romanesc Model 85)

    TR-85 (Tanc Romanesc Model 85)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1986
    Thumbnail picture of the ROTEM K1 (Type 88)

    ROTEM K1 (Type 88)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1985
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 85-II

    NORINCO Type 85-II
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1985
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 80

    NORINCO Type 80
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1985
    Thumbnail picture of the M-84 (MBT)

    M-84 (MBT)
    Main Battle Tank


    1983
    Thumbnail picture of the Bernardini MB-3 Tamoyo

    Bernardini MB-3 Tamoyo
    Main Battle Tank


    1983
    Thumbnail picture of the Challenger 1

    Challenger 1
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1982
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 69

    NORINCO Type 69
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1981
    Thumbnail picture of the OTO-Melara OF-40

    OTO-Melara OF-40
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1981
    Thumbnail picture of the Chonma-ho (Pegasus)

    Chonma-ho (Pegasus)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1981
    Thumbnail picture of the Khalid (Sword) MBT

    Khalid (Sword) MBT
    Main Battle Tank


    1980
    Thumbnail picture of the M1 Abrams

    M1 Abrams
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1979
    Thumbnail picture of the Leopard 2

    Leopard 2
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1979
    Thumbnail picture of the Merkava (Chariot)

    Merkava (Chariot)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1979
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-32

    AMX-32
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1978
    Thumbnail picture of the Denel Olifant (Elephant)

    Denel Olifant (Elephant)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1977
    Thumbnail picture of the TR-580 (Tanc Romanesc Model 580)

    TR-580 (Tanc Romanesc Model 580)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1976
    Thumbnail picture of the T-80

    T-80
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1975
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 74 (Nana-yon)

    Type 74 (Nana-yon)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1972
    Thumbnail picture of the T-72 (Ural)

    T-72 (Ural)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1971
    Thumbnail picture of the Panzer 68 (Pz 68)

    Panzer 68 (Pz 68)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1970
    Thumbnail picture of the Sho't (Whip)

    Sho't (Whip)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1968
    Thumbnail picture of the Magach (M48 / M60)

    Magach (M48 / M60)
    Main Battle Tank


    1966
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-30

    AMX-30
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1966
    Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103) (S-Tank)

    Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103) (S-Tank)
    Main Battle Tank


    1966
    Thumbnail picture of the T-64

    T-64
    Main Battle Tank


    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the Vickers MBT

    Vickers MBT
    Main Battle Tank


    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the Chieftain MBT

    Chieftain MBT
    Main Battle Tank


    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the Leopard 1

    Leopard 1
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the MBT-70 (KPz-70)

    MBT-70 (KPz-70)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the Panzer 61 (Pz 61)

    Panzer 61 (Pz 61)
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank


    1961
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 61

    Type 61
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1961
    Thumbnail picture of the T-62

    T-62
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1960
    Thumbnail picture of the M60 (Patton)

    M60 (Patton)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1959
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 59

    NORINCO Type 59
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1958
    Thumbnail picture of the T-55

    T-55
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1958
    Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 74 (Strv 74)

    Stridsvagn 74 (Strv 74)
    Light Tank / Main Battle Tank


    1958
    Thumbnail picture of the Panzer 58 (Pz 58)

    Panzer 58 (Pz 58)
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank


    1953
    Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 104 (Strv 104)

    Stridsvagn 104 (Strv 104)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1949
    Thumbnail picture of the T-54

    T-54
    Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    1945
    Thumbnail picture of the Centurion (A41)

    Centurion (A41)
    Main Battle Tank (MBT)