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  • Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day

    Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day

    Despite advances in armor-defeating weapons, the Main Battle Tank remains the cornerstone of every modern land army's true strength on the battlefield.





    The Main Battle Tank (MBT) became a primary battlefield fixture in the years following World War 2 (1939-1945). During the conflict, land forces relied on a mix of light, medium and heavy tank types to fulfill various requirements. The MBT arose out of a need for a "Universal Tank" concept capable of achieving the same results through a single design. With the advent of lighter composite armor, engineers fashioned a new fighting machine which has remained the mainstay of modern land forces today.


    The first true Main Battle Tank came from the British who unveiled their Centurion A41 in 1945. This was then followed by competing designs from the Soviet Union (the classic T-54/T-55 lines) and the United States (through their M60 "Patton"). In more recent years, some land forces have been abandoning the MBT concept in favor of more mobile, lightweight wheeled armored vehicles. Additionally, Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs)) have increased their lethality and forced major protection revisions from MBT designers - leading to the thought that the MBT may very well be seeing its last decade of battlefield dominance.


    There are a total of (70) Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day (MBTs) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin.



    Please wait while all 70 records are loaded into this space.
     2016 
    T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)
     2015 
    Altay MBT
     2014 
    NORINCO MBT-3000 (VT-4)
     2013 
    T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
     2013 
    ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)
     2012 
    Type 10 MBT
     2009 
    T-90M Bhishma
     2007 
    Sabra (M60T)
     2005 
    Ramses II (T-54E)
     2004 
    HIT Al-Zarrar
     2004 
    DRDO Arjun (Lion)
     2001 
    HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)
     1999 
    DIO Zulfiqar
     1999 
    T-84 (Oplot)
     1998 
    Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)
     1998 
    NORINCO Type 99 (ZTZ-99 / WZ-123)
     1998 
    Challenger 2
     1997 
    Type 96 (MBT)
     1996 
    DIO T-72Z (T-55)
     1995 
    CIO Ariete
     1995 
    T-90
     1995 
    PT-91 Twardy
     1995 
    Duro Dakovic M-95 Degman
     1992 
    Type 90 (Kyu-maru)
     1992 
    AMX-56 Leclerc
     1992 
    Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)
     1990 
    CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)
     1987 
    Engesa EE-T1 Osorio
     1986 
    AMX-40
     1986 
    TR-85 (Tanc Romanesc Model 85)
     1986 
    ROTEM K1 (Type 88)
     1985 
    NORINCO Type 85-II
     1985 
    NORINCO Type 80
     1985 
    M-84 (MBT)
     1983 
    Bernardini MB-3 Tamoyo
     1983 
    Challenger 1
     1982 
    NORINCO Type 69
     1981 
    OTO-Melara OF-40
     1981 
    Chonma-ho (Pegasus)
     1981 
    Khalid (Sword) MBT
     1980 
    M1 Abrams
     1979 
    Leopard 2
     1979 
    Merkava (Chariot)
     1979 
    AMX-32
     1978 
    Denel Olifant (Elephant)
     1977 
    TR-580 (Tanc Romanesc Model 580)
     1976 
    T-80
     1975 
    Type 74 (Nana-yon)
     1972 
    T-72 (Ural)
     1971 
    Panzer 68 (Pz 68)
     1970 
    Sho't (Whip)
     1968 
    Magach (M48 / M60)
     1966 
    AMX-30
     1966 
    Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103) (S-Tank)
     1966 
    T-64
     1965 
    Vickers MBT
     1965 
    Chieftain MBT
     1965 
    Leopard 1
     1965 
    MBT-70 (KPz-70)
     1965 
    Panzer 61 (Pz 61)
     1961 
    Type 61
     1961 
    T-62
     1960 
    M60 (Patton)
     1959 
    NORINCO Type 59
     1958 
    T-55
     1958 
    Stridsvagn 74 (Strv 74)
     1958 
    Panzer 58 (Pz 58)
     1953 
    Stridsvagn 104 (Strv 104)
     1949 
    T-54
     1945 
    Centurion (A41)