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  • Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day

    Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day

    Despite advances in armor-defeating systems, the Main Battle Tank remains the cornerstone of every modern land army's true strength on the battlefield.





    The Main Battle Tank (MBT) became a primary battlefield fixture in the years following World War 2 (1939-1945). During the conflict, land forces relied on a mix of light, medium and heavy tank types to fulfill various requirements. The MBT arose out of a need for a "Universal Tank" concept capable of achieving the same results through a single design. With the advent of lighter composite armor, engineers fashioned a new fighting machine which has remained the mainstay of modern land forces today.


    The first true Main Battle Tank came from the British who unveiled their Centurion A41 in 1945. This was then followed by competing designs from the Soviet Union (the classic T-54/T-55 lines) and the United States (through their M60 "Patton"). In more recent years, some land forces have been abandoning the MBT concept in favor of more mobile, lightweight wheeled armored vehicles. Additionally, Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs)) have increased their lethality and forced major protection revisions from MBT designers - leading to the thought that the MBT may very well be seeing its last decade of battlefield dominance.


    There are a total of (69) Main Battle Tanks from Origin to Present Day (MBTs) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin.


    Please wait while all 69 records are loaded into this space.
    1
    2016
    Thumbnail picture of the T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)
    T-14 (Armata) (Object 148)
    2
    2015
    Thumbnail picture of the Altay MBT
    Altay MBT
    3
    2014
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO MBT-3000 (VT-4)
    NORINCO MBT-3000 (VT-4)
    4
    2013
    Thumbnail picture of the T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
    T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
    5
    2013
    Thumbnail picture of the ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)
    ROTEM K2 (Black Panther)
    6
    2012
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 10 MBT
    Type 10 MBT
    7
    2009
    Thumbnail picture of the T-90M Bhishma
    T-90M Bhishma
    8
    2007
    Thumbnail picture of the Sabra (M60T)
    Sabra (M60T)
    9
    2005
    Thumbnail picture of the Ramses II (T-54E)
    Ramses II (T-54E)
    10
    2004
    Thumbnail picture of the HIT Al-Zarrar
    HIT Al-Zarrar
    11
    2004
    Thumbnail picture of the DRDO Arjun (Lion)
    DRDO Arjun (Lion)
    12
    2001
    Thumbnail picture of the HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)
    HIT Al Khalid (MBT 2000)
    13
    1999
    Thumbnail picture of the DIO Zulfiqar
    DIO Zulfiqar
    14
    1999
    Thumbnail picture of the T-84 (Oplot)
    T-84 (Oplot)
    15
    1998
    Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)
    Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122)
    16
    1998
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 99 (ZTZ-99 / WZ-123)
    NORINCO Type 99 (ZTZ-99 / WZ-123)
    17
    1998
    Thumbnail picture of the Challenger 2
    Challenger 2
    18
    1997
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 96 (MBT)
    Type 96 (MBT)
    19
    1996
    Thumbnail picture of the DIO T-72Z (T-55)
    DIO T-72Z (T-55)
    20
    1995
    Thumbnail picture of the CIO Ariete
    CIO Ariete
    21
    1995
    Thumbnail picture of the T-90
    T-90
    22
    1995
    Thumbnail picture of the PT-91 Twardy
    PT-91 Twardy
    23
    1995
    Thumbnail picture of the Duro Dakovic M-95 Degman
    Duro Dakovic M-95 Degman
    24
    1992
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 90 (Kyu-maru)
    Type 90 (Kyu-maru)
    25
    1992
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-56 Leclerc
    AMX-56 Leclerc
    26
    1992
    Thumbnail picture of the Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)
    Pokpung-ho (Storm Tiger) (M-2002)
    27
    1990
    Thumbnail picture of the CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)
    CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H)
    28
    1987
    Thumbnail picture of the Engesa EE-T1 Osorio
    Engesa EE-T1 Osorio
    29
    1986
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-40
    AMX-40
    30
    1986
    Thumbnail picture of the TR-85 (Tanc Romanesc Model 85)
    TR-85 (Tanc Romanesc Model 85)
    31
    1986
    Thumbnail picture of the ROTEM K1 (Type 88)
    ROTEM K1 (Type 88)
    32
    1985
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 85-II
    NORINCO Type 85-II
    33
    1985
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 80
    NORINCO Type 80
    34
    1985
    Thumbnail picture of the M-84 (MBT)
    M-84 (MBT)
    35
    1983
    Thumbnail picture of the Bernardini MB-3 Tamoyo
    Bernardini MB-3 Tamoyo
    36
    1983
    Thumbnail picture of the Challenger 1
    Challenger 1
    37
    1982
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 69
    NORINCO Type 69
    38
    1981
    Thumbnail picture of the OTO-Melara OF-40
    OTO-Melara OF-40
    39
    1981
    Thumbnail picture of the Chonma-ho (Pegasus)
    Chonma-ho (Pegasus)
    40
    1981
    Thumbnail picture of the Khalid (Sword) MBT
    Khalid (Sword) MBT
    41
    1980
    Thumbnail picture of the M1 Abrams
    M1 Abrams
    42
    1979
    Thumbnail picture of the Leopard 2
    Leopard 2
    43
    1979
    Thumbnail picture of the Merkava (Chariot)
    Merkava (Chariot)
    44
    1979
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-32
    AMX-32
    45
    1978
    Thumbnail picture of the Denel Olifant (Elephant)
    Denel Olifant (Elephant)
    46
    1977
    Thumbnail picture of the TR-580 (Tanc Romanesc Model 580)
    TR-580 (Tanc Romanesc Model 580)
    47
    1976
    Thumbnail picture of the T-80
    T-80
    48
    1975
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 74 (Nana-yon)
    Type 74 (Nana-yon)
    49
    1972
    Thumbnail picture of the T-72 (Ural)
    T-72 (Ural)
    50
    1971
    Thumbnail picture of the Panzer 68 (Pz 68)
    Panzer 68 (Pz 68)
    51
    1968
    Thumbnail picture of the Magach (M48 / M60)
    Magach (M48 / M60)
    52
    1966
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-30
    AMX-30
    53
    1966
    Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103) (S-Tank)
    Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103) (S-Tank)
    54
    1966
    Thumbnail picture of the T-64
    T-64
    55
    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the Vickers MBT
    Vickers MBT
    56
    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the Chieftain MBT
    Chieftain MBT
    57
    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the Leopard 1
    Leopard 1
    58
    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the MBT-70 (KPz-70)
    MBT-70 (KPz-70)
    59
    1965
    Thumbnail picture of the Panzer 61 (Pz 61)
    Panzer 61 (Pz 61)
    60
    1961
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 61
    Type 61
    61
    1961
    Thumbnail picture of the T-62
    T-62
    62
    1960
    Thumbnail picture of the M60 (Patton)
    M60 (Patton)
    63
    1959
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 59
    NORINCO Type 59
    64
    1958
    Thumbnail picture of the T-55
    T-55
    65
    1958
    Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 74 (Strv 74)
    Stridsvagn 74 (Strv 74)
    66
    1958
    Thumbnail picture of the Panzer 58 (Pz 58)
    Panzer 58 (Pz 58)
    67
    1953
    Thumbnail picture of the Stridsvagn 104 (Strv 104)
    Stridsvagn 104 (Strv 104)
    68
    1949
    Thumbnail picture of the T-54
    T-54
    69
    1945
    Thumbnail picture of the Centurion (A41)
    Centurion (A41)