Military Factory
Military Factory

Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 8/3/2015

The Infantry Fighting Vehicle was born in the fighting of World War 1 and evolved to the multirole systems appearing on battlefields today.

There are a total of (122) Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs) in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service. Flag images indicative of country of origin.

General Dynamics Scout SV
The British Army is currently developing the Scout SV family of vehicles with General Dynamics (UK). Origins of the vehicle g...
Thumbnail picture of the General Dynamics Scout SV

The Enigma 8x8 wheeled Armored Modular Fighting Vehicle (AMFV) has been developed by Emirates Defense Technology (EMT) to ful...
Thumbnail picture of the EDT Enigma AMFV

TATA Motors Kestrel
Alongside its new Light Armored Multipurpose Vehicle (LAMV) showcased at DEFEXPO 2014, TATA Motors unveiled its "Kestrel" 8x8...
Thumbnail picture of the TATA Motors Kestrel

Saur 3 (TBT 8x8)
The Saur 3 (also "TBT 8x8") is an 8x8 wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle being developed for the Romanian Army by the local con...
Thumbnail picture of the Saur 3 (TBT 8x8)

T-15 (Armata) (Object 149)
Recent Russian ground forces combat experience had showcased a need for a Heavy Infantry Fighting Vehicle (HIFV) with a good ...
Thumbnail picture of the T-15 (Armata) (Object 149)

Bumerang (Boomerang)
During the Cold War decades, the Soviet Army championed use of multi-axle armor wheeled vehicles among its ground force ranks...
Thumbnail picture of the Bumerang (Boomerang)

Intended to succeed the long-running BMP-4 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) line of the Russian Army is the new "Kurganets-25"...
Thumbnail picture of the Kurganets-25

Abhay IFV (Fearless)
The Abhay is currently serving as a developmental vehicle program designed to test out various technologies, mechanics and we...
Thumbnail picture of the Abhay IFV (Fearless)

Ural Typhoon
Taking a page out Western doctrine, the Russian Army has adopted several Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicle desi...
Thumbnail picture of the Ural Typhoon

KAMAZ Typhoon
Russian Army experience in the Chechen wars, as well as observation of the U.S.-led wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and a genera...
Thumbnail picture of the KAMAZ Typhoon

Nexter TITUS (Tactical Infantry Transport and Utility System)
In today's military world there exists a definite global shift concerning military vehicle procurement. This shift has seen n...
Thumbnail picture of the Nexter TITUS (Tactical Infantry Transport and Utility System)

T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)
The current frontline Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT) remains the Third Generation T-90 introduced in 1991 (1,670 produced to ...
Thumbnail picture of the T-99 Armata (Universal Combat Platform - UCP)

Schutzenpanzer Puma
The German Army is currently evaluating the Schutzenpanzer Puma as its newest Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), destined to re...
Thumbnail picture of the Schutzenpanzer Puma

Tulpar IFV
In 2015, the Turkish Army expects to field its first indigenous Main Battle Tank (MBT) through the "Altay" series. This will ...
Thumbnail picture of the Tulpar IFV

ELBO Kentaurus
An aging stock of infantry support-minded armored vehicles faced the Hellenic Army at the end of the Cold War (1991) so thoug...
Thumbnail picture of the ELBO Kentaurus

WPB Anders
In concert with developments elsewhere, the Polish Army is seeking to field a modular tracked chassis to undertake a series o...
Thumbnail picture of the WPB Anders

BMPT (Terminator) (Object 199)
Russian Army urban combat experience in the First and Second Chechen Wars resulted in a need for a new type of armored combat...
Thumbnail picture of the BMPT (Terminator) (Object 199)

The Boxer saw its origins in a late 1990s military requirement concerning the armies of the United Kingdom, France and German...
Thumbnail picture of the ARTEC Boxer

Paramount Mbombe
South Africa fought in the Rhodesian Bush War (1964-1979) and it was during this time that thought was given to development o...
Thumbnail picture of the Paramount Mbombe

The RG-35 is a relatively new armored wheeled vehicle offering by Land Systems OMC of South Africa, a subsidiary of BAe Syste...
Thumbnail picture of the RG-35

K300 KNIFV (K21)
In attempting to match North Korean armored capabilities (though from more of an advanced technology perspective), South Kore...
Thumbnail picture of the K300 KNIFV (K21)

The BTR-4 eight-wheeled armored personnel carrier began as a in-house endeavor through the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building D...
Thumbnail picture of the BTR-4

Merkava Namer
The Israeli Army has always maintained a certain style of warfare based highly on their experiences in large-scale and locali...
Thumbnail picture of the Merkava Namer

Nexter / GIAT VBCI (Vehicule Blinde de Combat d'Infanterie)
During the last decade there began a definitive move away from costly and complex tracked armored vehicles to more cost-effec...
Thumbnail picture of the Nexter / GIAT VBCI (Vehicule Blinde de Combat d'Infanterie)

The South African Army paved the way for large scale adoption of effective mine-resistant vehicles during the 1970s and many ...
Thumbnail picture of the RG-33 MRAP

2S25 (Sprut-SD)
In 2007, the Russian Army adopted the 2S25 (also known as "Sprut-SD") series of tracked armored vehicles formally categorized...
Thumbnail picture of the 2S25 (Sprut-SD)

Navistar International MaxxPro
The International Truck "MaxxPro" by Navistar Defense is a Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle classified as an Ar...
Thumbnail picture of the Navistar International MaxxPro

CM-32 Yunpao (Clouded Leopard) / TIFV (Taiwan Infantry Fighting Vehicle)
The CM-32 Yunpao ("Clouded Leopard") is an eight-wheeled, modular armored vehicle serving with the land forces of Taiwan. The...
Thumbnail picture of the CM-32 Yunpao (Clouded Leopard) / TIFV (Taiwan Infantry Fighting Vehicle)

Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle)
The Patria AMV ("Armored Modular Vehicle") is of Finnish origination and was adopted by the national army in 2006. The vehicl...
Thumbnail picture of the Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle)

Pindad APS-3 Anoa (Pindad Panser)
The Pindad APS-3 "Anoa" (also known as the "Pindad Panser") is an indigenous medium-class armored personnel carrier design ef...
Thumbnail picture of the Pindad APS-3 Anoa (Pindad Panser)

ZBD2000 (Z-Family)
The massive expansion programs of the Chinese military in recent decades has added a new, all-modern amphibious tracked vehic...
Thumbnail picture of the ZBD2000 (Z-Family)

ZBD-97 (Type 97)
Introduced in 2006, the ZBD-97 is an Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) of Chinese origin. Due to the close ties once held betwe...
Thumbnail picture of the ZBD-97 (Type 97)

BMD-4 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The biggest challenge to modern-day war planners has always been properly outfitting their airborne-minded soldiers (classica...
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-4 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

BAe Caiman MRAP
Mine resistant vehicles were already a staple of military forces like that of South Africa well before the U.S.-led invasions...
Thumbnail picture of the BAe Caiman MRAP

AMZ Dzik (Wild Boar)
Modern conflicts such as those ongoing in Afghanistan and Iraq reignited interest in armored cars for quick-reaction support ...
Thumbnail picture of the AMZ Dzik (Wild Boar)

KTO Rosomak
The KTO Rosomak ("Wolverine") is a family of multi-purpose, eight-wheeled, armored vehicles currently in service with the Pol...
Thumbnail picture of the KTO Rosomak

FPI Cougar (MRAP)
The Cougar has since expanded into a full line of militarized armored vehicles. This began with the base 4x4 and 6x6 series C...
Thumbnail picture of the FPI Cougar (MRAP)

M1126 Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV)
The M1126 Stryker is another 8x8 wheeled armored machine in the long line of Stryker vehicles. The primary operational role o...
Thumbnail picture of the M1126 Stryker Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV)

The BTR-3 is a modern eight-wheeled armored fighting vehicle that currently serves operationally with a handful of armies acr...
Thumbnail picture of the BTR-3

T-84 (Oplot)
The nation of Ukraine was under the Soviet sphere of influence up to 1990 when the Empire was dissolved amidst a move to a mo...
Thumbnail picture of the T-84 (Oplot)

CIO Dardo
The Dardo Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) is part of the family of like-designed armored vehicles that include the tracked Ar...
Thumbnail picture of the CIO Dardo

AF-40 Al-Fahd AFV
In 1998,the Saudi National Guard adopted the "Al-Fahd" 8-wheeled Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) - based on a modified Canadia...
Thumbnail picture of the AF-40 Al-Fahd AFV

ASLAV (AuStralian Light Armored Vehicle)
The ASLAV (Australian Light Armored Vehicle) is similar in most respects to the American LAV-25 and Canadian Coyote series of...
Thumbnail picture of the ASLAV (AuStralian Light Armored Vehicle)

DIO Boragh
Leading up to the Islamic Revolution, Iran received its military support from Western players such as the United States. Afte...
Thumbnail picture of the DIO Boragh

Bionix AFV
The Bionix family was designed and developed to replace the ubiquitous, yet aging, series of American M113 armored personnel ...
Thumbnail picture of the Bionix AFV

Pandur I
The Pandur I was a 6x6, multi-faceted wheeled chassis primarily serving as a fast armored personnel carrier within the invent...
Thumbnail picture of the Pandur I

Combat Vehicle 90 / Stridsfordon 90 (CV90 / Strf 90
It was the Soviet Union that first introduced the large-scale concept of the Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) to the world wit...
Thumbnail picture of the Combat Vehicle 90 / Stridsfordon 90 (CV90 / Strf 90

In 1960, the United States Army adopted the-now ubiquitous M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC). From this selection came som...
Thumbnail picture of the FNSS ACV-15

CIO Centauro
The Centauro B1 8x8 tank killer is in the same family line of Italian Army vehicles that include the Ariete Main Battle Tank ...
Thumbnail picture of the CIO Centauro

BMD-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The BMD-3 was a further installment in the relatively successful line of light amphibious, air-droppable infantry fighting ve...
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

Type 90 (YW535)
The Type 90 appeared as a Chinese-originated offering intended for export customers during the early 1990s after it completed...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 90 (YW535)

Type 89 IFV
In keeping with developments in the West, the island nation of Japan moved to adopt a modern Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) ...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 89 IFV

Cadillac Gage Stingray
The Stingray Light Tank was developed as a private venture by Cadillac Gage (now Textron Marine & Land Systems) with the budg...
Thumbnail picture of the Cadillac Gage Stingray

BMP-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
Soviet Union engineers and factories garnered much experience in the massive armor battles against German and Axis forces tha...
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

FV510 Warrior
The Warrior is an infantry fighting vehicle currently in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Kuwait. While the ...
Thumbnail picture of the FV510 Warrior

Fahd AFV
Lacking the industry know-how to design and develop a multirole Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) from scratch, the Egyptian gov...
Thumbnail picture of the Fahd AFV

Because of its shared border with unpredictable North Korea, the South Korean military has had to remain in a state of readin...
Thumbnail picture of the K200 KIFV

Type 85 (YW531H)
The PT-85 is a light amphibious tank system (may also be known as the "Type 82" or "Type 85") in service with the North Korea...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 85 (YW531H)

BMD-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
The BMD-2 was a further evolution of the BMD-1 line of amphibious light infantry fighting vehicles (IFV) intended to be air-d...
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

Thumbnail picture of the MLI-84

Puma CEV
The Puma is a heavily-armored Combat Engineering Vehicle (CEV) that doubles as an Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) for the Com...
Thumbnail picture of the Puma CEV

Type 90 / Type 92 (WZ551)
The WZ551 is a designation for a Chinese-originated 6x6 wheeled armored vehicle. The vehicle was developed by NORINCO (China ...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 90 / Type 92 (WZ551)

LAV-25 (Light Armored Vehicle 25)
The LAV-25 eight-wheeled vehicle is classified as a light armored reconnaissance vehicle. Its wheeled nature allows it to tra...
Thumbnail picture of the LAV-25 (Light Armored Vehicle 25)

M3 Bradley
The M3 Bradley CFV (Cavalry Fighting Vehicle) is very similar in most respects to the M2 Bradley IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehic...
Thumbnail picture of the M3 Bradley

TAMSE VCTP (Vehiculo de Combate Transporte de Personal)
In the 1970s, the Argentine government commissioned the German concern of Thyssen-Henschel (Rheinmetall since 1999) to produc...
Thumbnail picture of the TAMSE VCTP (Vehiculo de Combate Transporte de Personal)

Emerging from BN Constructions Ferroviaries et Metalliques (BNCFM) of Belgium during the mid-1970s was the export-minded SIBM...
Thumbnail picture of the BNCFM SIBMAS

VCC Camillino
Italy already maintained several thousand license-production American M113 armored personnel carriers by OTO Melara, so it wa...
Thumbnail picture of the VCC Camillino

BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
The Soviet Union introduced the concept of the Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) with the adoption of its BMP-1 in 1966. The ty...
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

M2 Bradley
The M2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) fulfilled a U.S. Army requirement that began in the 1960s calling for an amphi...
Thumbnail picture of the M2 Bradley

Rheinmetall Landsysteme Condor
The Condor is a Light Armored Vehicle (LAV) appearing in West Germany during the Cold War (1947-1991) at which time Germany r...
Thumbnail picture of the Rheinmetall Landsysteme Condor

BVP M-80
Before the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1992, the nation managed a rather healthy military industrial base which did not forc...
Thumbnail picture of the BVP M-80

Pegaso BMR
The Pegaso BMR ("Blindado Medio de Ruedas" - "Armored, Medium, Wheeled") series of wheeled vehicles are a multi-role 6x6 syst...
Thumbnail picture of the Pegaso BMR

Ratel IFV (Honey Badger)
The Ratel ("Honey Badger") Infantry Fighting Vehicle was a long-running family of 6x6 armored vehicles developed and produced...
Thumbnail picture of the Ratel IFV (Honey Badger)

Taiwanese military power has long been supported by the United States and the island nation received and operated the ubiquit...
Thumbnail picture of the CM-21 AIFV

Panhard ERC 90
The French concerns of Renault and Panhard submitted designs to fulfill a 1970s French Army requirement for new 4x4 and 6x6 a...
Thumbnail picture of the Panhard ERC 90

The AMX-10 was adopted in 1973 to replace the aging AMX-VCI Infantry COmbat Vehicle series. Design work on the new vehicle be...
Thumbnail picture of the AMX-10P

VTT-323 (M1973 Sinhung)
When the North Korean Army needed an armored personnel carrier, they turned to what they do best - license production of an e...
Thumbnail picture of the VTT-323 (M1973 Sinhung)

AAV-7 (LVTP-7)
The AAV-7 series of assault amphibious vehicles was born as the LVTP-7 in the late 1960s. The initiative called for an armore...
Thumbnail picture of the AAV-7 (LVTP-7)

Rheinmetall Landsysteme Marder IFV
The Marder 1 is the principle infantry fighting vehicle for the German Army. It has its origins in the West German Army befor...
Thumbnail picture of the Rheinmetall Landsysteme Marder IFV

M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS)
The M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) mated the firepower of the United States Air Force's standard aerial cannon - the M...
Thumbnail picture of the M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS)

BMD-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)
Since the tactic of utilizing airborne troops came to lethal fruition in World War 2, there always lay the challenge of outfi...
Thumbnail picture of the BMD-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta)

MT-LB (M1970)
World War 2 warfare instilled on the Soviet Army the need for a very mobile armored force. After the war, the concepts proven...
Thumbnail picture of the MT-LB (M1970)

Bravia Chaimite (Series)
The Bravia Chaimite V-series of light armored vehicles is a Portuguese-designed and produced 4x4 armored personnel carrier (A...
Thumbnail picture of the Bravia Chaimite (Series)

BMP-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)
The Soviet military was first major military power to widely adopt the concept of an "armored fighting infantry carrier" thro...
Thumbnail picture of the BMP-1 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty)

M114 CRV
The M114 Command and Reconnaissance Carrier followed the ubiquitous M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) series into operatio...
Thumbnail picture of the M114 CRV

M113 APC
The American M113 Armored Personnel Carrier became one of the most successful Cold War vehicles in the world with operators n...
Thumbnail picture of the M113 APC

The armored 8x8 wheeled BTR-60 of 1960 was developed as a direct replacement for the 6x6 wheeled BTR-152 series Armored Perso...
Thumbnail picture of the BTR-60

Schutzenpanzer SPz 12-3 (SPz Lang / Lang HS.30)
Following the fighting of World War 2 (1939-1945), Germany became a split nation, occupied by the victors through an East and...
Thumbnail picture of the Schutzenpanzer SPz 12-3 (SPz Lang / Lang HS.30)

AMX VCI (Vehicule de Combat d-Infanterie)
The French-made AMX VCI (for "Vehicule de Combat d'Infanterie") infantry combat system was designed to a specific French Army...
Thumbnail picture of the AMX VCI (Vehicule de Combat d-Infanterie)

Infantry Tank Churchill (A43) Black Prince
The Black Prince Infantry Tank was the ultimate evolution of the storied Churchill Infantry Tank of the British Army that saw...
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Tank Churchill (A43) Black Prince

M22 Locust
After witnessing the successes of the German airborne divisions to take over most of Western Europe in the opening salvos of ...
Thumbnail picture of the M22 Locust

Half-Track Car M9
The half-track military vehicle achieved considerable stardom during World War 2 (1939-1945) though the concept of combining ...
Thumbnail picture of the Half-Track Car M9

M5 Stuart (Light Tank, M5) (Stuart VI)
The M5 "Stuart" (also "General Stuart") was an extension of the original M3 Stuart Light Tank line of 1941 and brought about ...
Thumbnail picture of the M5 Stuart (Light Tank, M5) (Stuart VI)

M3 Stuart (Light Tank, M3)
The M3 "Stuart" Light Tank became the primary light tank vehicle for the United States Army heading into World War 2 (1939-19...
Thumbnail picture of the M3 Stuart (Light Tank, M3)

Infantry Tank Mk IV Churchill (A22)
The Churchill served the British Army and allied forces as the most important of its type during World War 2 (1939-1945), riv...
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Tank Mk IV Churchill (A22)

Landing Vehicle Tracked (LVT-2 / LVT-4) (Alligator / Water Buffalo)
The LVT ("Landing Vehicle Tracked") began a long line of amphibious tracked American military vehicles for the US Army and Ma...
Thumbnail picture of the Landing Vehicle Tracked (LVT-2 / LVT-4) (Alligator / Water Buffalo)

Carro Armato P40 (Carro Pesante P40)
The Carro Armato P40 (more formally Carro Pesante P26/40 for "Heavy Tank P40") was one of the more impressive Italian tank de...
Thumbnail picture of the Carro Armato P40 (Carro Pesante P40)

Half-Track Car M2
The United States Army learned by experience in World War 1 that trying to move men and machine through mud and snow proved a...
Thumbnail picture of the Half-Track Car M2

Infantry Tank Mk III Valentine
Considered one of the more successful British tank designs of the early war years, the Valentine series served both British a...
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Tank Mk III Valentine

Marmon-Herrington (South African Reconnaissance Vehicle)
The Marmon-Herrington Armored Car became a rare South African industry contribution to the Allied cause in World War 2 (1939-...
Thumbnail picture of the Marmon-Herrington (South African Reconnaissance Vehicle)

Hotchkiss H39
The Hotchkiss H39 superseded the H35 series light tanks in French Army service, being produced in more numbers than her forer...
Thumbnail picture of the Hotchkiss H39

Vickers Mk VII (A17) (Tetrarch)
With the worsening situation in Europe during the late 1930s, it behooved the British to prepare for war with its old enemy G...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Mk VII (A17) (Tetrarch)

Infantry Tank Mk I Matilda (A11)
The first production "tank" (then known as a "landship") was born in the UK during World War 1. In the conflict, the tank pro...
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Tank Mk I Matilda (A11)

Infantry Tank Mk II Matilda (A12)
No other tank in the British Army inventory was as important as the Matilda II during the early years of World War 2. The Ger...
Thumbnail picture of the Infantry Tank Mk II Matilda (A12)

In 1934, the French Army issued a new requirement for a cavalry tank in an attempt to modernized its inventory amidst growing...
Thumbnail picture of the SOMUA S35

Renault R35 (Char leger Modele 1935 R)
The Renault R35 was a French light tank development of the pre-World War 2 period and followed general French tank design mea...
Thumbnail picture of the Renault R35 (Char leger Modele 1935 R)

Carro Armato L3 (Series)
The L3 series of tankettes primarily served the Italian Army in the years leading up to World War 2. By this time in history,...
Thumbnail picture of the Carro Armato L3 (Series)

Renault Char D1
The Renault Char D1 served the French Army for a time leading up to World War 2. Her origins and use lay in a World War 1 men...
Thumbnail picture of the Renault Char D1

As was the norm after World War 1 in all industrialized nations around the globe, Soviet warplanners set about to upgrade the...
Thumbnail picture of the T-26

Vickers Medium Mark I
The Vickers Medium Mark I series of tanks was one of the few mass-produced tank systems to be found in the 1920s. With a war-...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Medium Mark I

Tank Mark VIII (International / Liberty)
The Mark VIII "International Tank" (also "Liberty" when powered by the American Liberty engine) would become the first tank i...
Thumbnail picture of the Tank Mark VIII (International / Liberty)

Tank Mark IX
The Mark IX tank was classified as an armored personnel carrier - effectively the world's first of its kind anywhere in opera...
Thumbnail picture of the Tank Mark IX

Medium Mark C (Hornet)
The Medium Mark C tank was a promising and notably agile armored system that arrived too late to see combat action in World W...
Thumbnail picture of the Medium Mark C (Hornet)

Holt Gas-Electric Tank
The Holt Gas-Electric Tank became the first true "tank" to be designed and constructed by and for the United States. Hardly t...
Thumbnail picture of the Holt Gas-Electric Tank

Sturmpanzerwagen A7V
The Sturmpanzerwagen A7V ("Allgemeines Kriegsdepartment, 7. Abteilung, Verkehrswesen") became the first operational German Ar...
Thumbnail picture of the Sturmpanzerwagen A7V

Char d'Assault St. Chamond
Considered a combat tank during World War 1, the Char d'Assault St. Chamond shared qualities more akin to an "assault gun" of...
Thumbnail picture of the Char d'Assault St. Chamond

Char d-Assault Schneider (Schneider CA)
The Schneider Char d'Assault tank was France's first real attempt at differentiating dedicated tanks from dedicated self-prop...
Thumbnail picture of the Char d-Assault Schneider (Schneider CA)

Little Willie Landship
The idea of a tracked armored fighting vehicle was first put into practical military use by the British Admiralty. In fact, i...
Thumbnail picture of the Little Willie Landship