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    Heavy Tanks

    Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 2/16/2016

    Prior to the arrival of the Main Battle Tank, the Heavy Tank was the pinnacle of armored warfare design incorporating stout armor protection and a powerful main armament.





    For a time, the Heavy Tank was the pinnacle in armor design for many of the leading military powers. It saw its peak usage during World War 2 though development of such types continued into the late-1950s. Those managing to reach operational-level status by then were ultimately retired during the 1990s for good. The Heavy Tank was replaced in frontline service by the arrival of the Main Battle Tank (MBT).


    There are a total of (42) Heavy Military Combat Tanks in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




    1957
    M103 (Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 120-mm, M103)
    The M103 (formally designated as "Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 120mm, M103") was a heavy tank design ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M103 (Tank, Combat, Full Tracked, 120-mm, M103)

    1957
    Object 279 (Obyekt 279)
    The Russian Obyekt (translating to "Object") 279 Soviet heavy tank was developed in 1957 at the Kiro... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Object 279 (Obyekt 279)

    1955
    FV214 Conqueror
    The British-produced Conqueror Heavy Tank (FV 214) was designed as a counterpart to the hugely succe... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the FV214 Conqueror

    1953
    IS-10 / T-10 (Josef Stalin)
    The T-10 can be considered the pinnacle "Josef Stalin" tank design as it is the tank that superceded... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the IS-10 / T-10 (Josef Stalin)

    1953
    AMX-50
    The AMX-50 was a promising French heavy tank venture appearing shortly after World War 2. France, in... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-50

    1949
    ARL 44
    Before World War 2, the nation of France was the world's second producer of combat tanks behind only... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the ARL 44

    1945
    M26 Pershing
    The M26 "Pershing" made its official appearance towards the end of World War 2 and was appropriately... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M26 Pershing

    1945
    IS-3 / JS-3 (Josef Stalin)
    The IS-3 (also "Joseph Stalin" or "Iosef Stalin" IS3) heavy tank was a continuation of the successfu... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the IS-3 / JS-3 (Josef Stalin)

    1945
    T28 Super Heavy Tank (Gun Motor Carriage T95)
    The T28 heavy tank was the largest tank ever developed for the US Military. Built in 1945 to counter... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the T28 Super Heavy Tank (Gun Motor Carriage T95)

    1945
    T30 (Heavy Tank T30)
    The T30 was developed for the American Army during the latter stages of World War 2 to counter the a... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the T30 (Heavy Tank T30)

    1945
    Type 120 O-I
    The Germans, Soviets, British and Americans were not the only ones seriously considering the develop... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 120 O-I

    1945
    Panzerkampfwagen E-100 (Tiger Maus)
    Germany tried its hand at heavy tank development prior to World War 2 in the early 1930s, producing ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Panzerkampfwagen E-100 (Tiger Maus)

    1944
    T29 (Heavy Tank T29)
    As World War 2 progressed on all fronts in favor of the Allies, attention began to turn to the final... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the T29 (Heavy Tank T29)

    1944
    Tank, Heavy Assault, Tortoise (A39)
    The British Army "Tortoise" (Tank, Heavy Assault, Tortoise A39) was one example in the seemingly lon... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tank, Heavy Assault, Tortoise (A39)

    1944
    SdKfz 182 Panzerkampfwagen VIB Tiger II / King Tiger (PzKpfw VIB) / Panzer 6B
    Of all of the operational combat tanks fielded in the World War 2, the German "Tiger II" was the bes... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SdKfz 182 Panzerkampfwagen VIB Tiger II / King Tiger (PzKpfw VIB) / Panzer 6B

    1944
    T14 (Assault Tank T14)
    The joint American-British T14 Heavy Tank assault tank program began in the early part of World War ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the T14 (Assault Tank T14)

    1943
    IS-2 / JS-2 (Josef Stalin)
    The Soviet Army need for ever-more formidable tracked firepower came to the forefront after losses o... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the IS-2 / JS-2 (Josef Stalin)

    1943
    IS-1 / JS-1 (Josef Stalin)
    The IS-1 was born out of a Soviet Army need for more formidable tracked weapon systems to combat the... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the IS-1 / JS-1 (Josef Stalin)

    1943
    KV-85 (Klimenti Voroshilov)
    The KV-85 was an interim heavy tank solution requested by Soviet authorities to help combat the arri... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the KV-85 (Klimenti Voroshilov)

    1943
    SdKfz 205 Panzerkampfwagen VIII (PzKpfW VIII) / Maus
    The Panzerkampfwagen Pz.Kpf.W. VIII (Sd.Kfz. 205) "Maus" (ironically named the "Mouse") was a "super... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SdKfz 205 Panzerkampfwagen VIII (PzKpfW VIII) / Maus

    1942
    Krupp Landkreuzer P.1000 Ratte (Rat)
    The Landkreuzer P.1000 "Ratte" (translating to "Rat") was a proposed super-heavy tank design of the ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Krupp Landkreuzer P.1000 Ratte (Rat)

    1942
    SdKfz 181 Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I (PzKpfW VI) / Panzer 6)
    The Tiger heavy tank served the German Army during the latter years of World War 2. She proved a mos... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SdKfz 181 Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I (PzKpfW VI) / Panzer 6)

    1940
    KV-2 (Klimenti Voroshilov)
    The KV-2 assault gun tank was developed from the KV-1 series of heavy tanks appearing in 1939-1940 w... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the KV-2 (Klimenti Voroshilov)

    1940
    FCM F1
    The heavy tank existed as a category of armored warfare from the closing days of World War 1 (1914-1... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the FCM F1

    1940
    Tank, Heavy, TOG 2
    Like the Germans, Soviets and Americans in World War 2, the British also invested time and money int... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tank, Heavy, TOG 2

    1940
    Tank, Heavy, TOG 1
    Still fearing that a potential war enveloping Europe would turn into the trench-based slogfests that... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tank, Heavy, TOG 1

    1940
    Carro Armato P40 (Carro Pesante P40)
    The Carro Armato P40 (more formally Carro Pesante P26/40 for "Heavy Tank P40") was one of the more i... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Carro Armato P40 (Carro Pesante P40)

    1940
    M6 (Heavy Tank M6)
    Tank design and production during the interwar years following World War 1 were extremely limited, l... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M6 (Heavy Tank M6)

    1939
    KV-1 (Klimenti Voroshilov)
    In 1938, the Soviet Union developed a prototype heavy tank of 58 tons designated as the T-100. The ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the KV-1 (Klimenti Voroshilov)

    1936
    Renault Char B1
    Before the relatively quick collapse of France from the German invasion of 1940, the French Army man... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Renault Char B1

    1935
    T-35
    Despite its formidable appearance by 1930 standards, the T-35 Heavy Tank ultimately proved an ill-fa... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the T-35

    1934
    Panzerkampfwagen Neubaufahrzeug (PzKpfW NbFz V / VI)
    By the mid-1930s, Germany - under the power of Adolf Hitler - had undertaken broad reaching reforms ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Panzerkampfwagen Neubaufahrzeug (PzKpfW NbFz V / VI)

    1926
    Vickers A1E1 Independent
    In the period following World War 1 (1914-1918), national military powers turned their attention to ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Vickers A1E1 Independent

    1921
    FCM Char 2C
    The Char 2C was being planned and designed in the final year of the First World War. The system woul... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the FCM Char 2C

    1919
    Tank Mark VIII (International / Liberty)
    The Mark VIII "International Tank" (also "Liberty" when powered by the American Liberty engine) woul... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tank Mark VIII (International / Liberty)

    1918
    Tank Mk V
    The Tank Mk V was a further evolution of the British "tank" - then known as "landship" - which began... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tank Mk V

    1918
    K Grosskampfwagen (K-Wagen)
    Long before German engineers lent their talents to the outrageous and very optimistic heavy tank des... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the K Grosskampfwagen (K-Wagen)

    1918
    FIAT 2000
    Compared to other national powers in the world, Italy was late in adopting a capable armored force. ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the FIAT 2000

    1917
    Sturmpanzerwagen A7V
    The Sturmpanzerwagen A7V ("Allgemeines Kriegsdepartment, 7. Abteilung, Verkehrswesen") became the fi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sturmpanzerwagen A7V

    1917
    Tank Mk IV
    It was the British Navy - under Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty - that pushed the "ta... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tank Mk IV

    1916
    Tank Mk I (Big Willie / Centipede / Mother)
    The British were pioneers in the field of armored warfare during World War 1 - producing the world's... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tank Mk I (Big Willie / Centipede / Mother)

    1915
    Tsar Tank (Lebedenko Tank / Netopyr)
    The Tsar Tank was an extraordinary - though ultimately failed - feat of Russian combat engineering t... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tsar Tank (Lebedenko Tank / Netopyr)