• HOME
  • 2018 Military Pay Scale
  • 2017 Military Pay Scale
  • Military Pay Charts
  • Military Ranks
  • Military Time
  • Military Alphabet Code
  • Aircraft
  • Infantry (Small Arms)
  • Land Systems
  • Special Forces
  • Navy Ships
  • World War 1 Weapons
  • World War 2 Weapons

  • Model 1963 (D-30 / 2A18) 122mm Towed Field Howitzer


    Despite its 1960s origins, the Soviet-era 122mm D-30 gun can still provide potent battlefield artillery support at range.

     Updated: 6/22/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The D-30 122mm howitzer became the standard Soviet artillery battlefield system in 1963, replacing the aging World War 2-era 122mm M-30 model of 1938. The original system was developed to serve in support of motorized rifle elements equipped with the BTR series of wheeled Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs). On the whole, the D-30 became a largely conventional artillery piece, reliable and robust under battlefield conditions, making it a favorite of Soviet allied nations and states during the Cold War decades. It still serves in surprising numbers on today's battlefields (2015).

    The D-30 is cleared to fire standard FRAG-HE (FRAGmentation, High-Explosive) and HEAT-FS (High-Explosive, Anti-Tank, Fin-Stabilized) rounds. It is also capable of launching chemical rounds including TNT-detonated Sarin gas types. Rocket-Assisted Projectiles (RAP) extend the range of the weapon to that of 21,900 meters (13.6 miles). Sustained fire by a capably trained and well experienced gunnery crew can reach 4-8 rounds per minute. The gun has an elevation / depression limit of +70/-7 degrees and indirect fire and direct fire is possible. The gun mounting hardware sits atop a tripod base which also serves as the two-wheeled tow unit. Traversal is a full 360-degrees from centerline. Recoil is handled through a hydopneumatic system


    Images Gallery


    VIEW
    VIEW

    Model 1963 (D-30 / 2A18) Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1963
    Type: 122mm Towed Field Howitzer
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Gosudarstvennoe Unitarnoe Predpriatie Zavod 9
    Production: 12,000



    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)


    Operating Crew: 6
    Height: 5.25 feet (1.60 meters)

    Operating Weight: 4 tons (3,200 kg; 7,055 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: None
    Nightvision Equipment: None

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance


    Engine(s): None. This is a towed-artillery battlefield element.

    Engagement Range: 4 miles (6 km)

    Armament and Ammunition


    1 x 122mm gun barrel.

    Ammunition:
    Dependent upon ammunition carrier.

    Global Operators / Customers


    Afghanistan; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Benin; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Cambodia; Cameroon; China; Congo; Croatia; Cuba; Egypt; Djibouti; Estonia; Finland; Macedonia; Georgia; Iran; Iraq; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Laos; Lebanon; Libya; Madagascar; Mali; Mauritania; Mongolia; Montenegro; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nicaragua; North Korea; Pakistan; Peru; Russia; Rwanda; Sudan; Slovakia; Serbia; Soviet Union; Syria; Takjikistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yemen; Zambia; Zimbabwe

    Model Variants


    D-30 - Base Model Designation

    2A18 - GRAU designation

    2A18M D-30A - Features midlife product improvements.

    D-30M - Features midlife product improvements.

    Saddam - Iraqi-produced Variant

    D30J - Yugoslavian-produced D-30

    SP-122 - Egyptian modified US M109 self-propelled gun chassis with D-30 main gun.

    Type-85 - Chinese-produced self-propelled gun on the Type 85 APC chassis with D-30 main gun.