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Chenowth Scorpion Desert Patrol Vehicle (DPV) / Fast Attack Vehicle (FAV) Lightweight All-Terrain Vehicle (1987)

Authored By JR Potts, AUS 173d AB / Dan Alex | Last Updated: 7/1/2014

The ultimate Special Forces joyride - the Scorpion Desert Patrol-Fast Attack Vehicle.

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The Scorpion DPV (Desert Patrol Vehicle) is a three-man on-road/off-road vehicle used for many long-range desert operations including close-air support or combat search and rescue missions. Originally designated as the FAV (Fast Attack Vehicle) the DPV has seen service primarily with the United States Navy SEALs through Operation Desert Storm and is assumed to be in current operational use along the fronts in the Iraq War and in Afghanistan. The concept of FAVs in combat dates back to World War 2 where the British Army utilized specially-modified "JEEPS" to shadow the movements, whereabouts and activities of the German Army in the Egyptian Campaign. These systems belonged to the Long Range Desert Group (LRDG) whose primary function had become reconnaissance and intelligence gathering.

The Desert Patrol Vehicle (DPV) utilizes a modified construction frame like those found in base off-road race cars. Suspension consists of two frontal shock absorbers and four shock absorbers positioned in the rear. The suspension is controlled primarily by a position-sensitive 'trailing-arm' system. The DPV is actually a 2x4 off-road vehicle, though designed to go anywhere a 4x4 could naturally go. Power is derived from a Volkswagen 2-liter, 200 horsepower air-cooled engine that allows for speeds above 60 miles per hour and a range equal to 210 miles. Range can be augmented by was of a fuel bladder than increased its operational range some 1,000 further miles. The DPV (then as the FAV) was developed in the 1980s with a generous budget and some 120 vehicles were produced as well as militarized motorbikes for special forces use.

The vehicle can be armed with a variety of mission-specific weaponry including the Browning .50 caliber heavy machine gun, the Mark 19 40mm automatic grenade launcher and the M60 .30 caliber general purpose machine gun. Ammunition stores are mission dependent. Additionally, and personal weapons carried by the crew become part of the lethality that is the DPV. Total payload for the DPV is a reported 1,500lbs.

The DPV was first unveiled to American home audiences in the 1991 televised liberation of Kuwait City. SEAL Team members were shown on their DPVs in the Kuwaiti streets complete with the traditional Bedouin headgear in place. The DPVs were able to maneuver across the desert and through the city streets with relative ease, staying ahead of the regular army forces while keeping an eye on Iraqi armor formations, location and defensive positions.

The DPV weapon system is extremely useful as a battlefield scout and reconnaissance vehicle in the special forces role. Other mission roles include target acquisition, surveillance, peacekeeping and deep strike. In large part, the DPV/FAV has been replaced in inventory by the LSV - Light Strike Vehicle.

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Specifications for the
Chenowth Scorpion Desert Patrol Vehicle (DPV) / Fast Attack Vehicle (FAV)
Lightweight All-Terrain Vehicle


Country of Origin: United States
Manufacturer: Chenowth Racing Products, Inc., USA
Initial Year of Service: 1987
Production: 120


Focus Model: Chenowth Scorpion Desert Patrol Vehicle (DPV) / Fast Attack Vehicle (FAV)
Crew: 3


Overall Length: 13.39 ft (4.08 m)
Width: 6.92 ft (2.11 m)
Height: 6.59 ft (2.01 m)
Weight: 0.7 US Short Tons (680 kg; 1,499 lb)


Powerplant: 1 x Volkswagen 2-liter air-cooled engine developing 200 horsepower.


Maximum Speed: 56 mph (90.6 km/h)
Maximum Range: 200 miles (322 km)


NBC Protection: None
Nightvision: None


Armament:
MISSION-SPECIFIC:
1 x 40mm SACO MK 19 Automatic Grenade Launcher
1 x 12.7mm M2 Browning Heavy Machine Gun
1 x 7.62mm M60 General Purpose Machine Gun
2 x Anti-Tank Missile Launchers

Additionally any crew-carried personal weapons.


Ammunition:
Mission specific.

2 x AT-4 anti-tank missiles


Variants:
SEAL Dune Buggy - Features a complex array of extra communication equipment for inter-vehicle communications.


Operators:
United Kingdom; United States