Navistar International MaxxPro Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Vehicle
The International MaxxPro is a modern MRAP vehicle designed to protect crews from small arms fire, mines, IEDs and Rocket-Propelled Grenades.
Authored By JR Potts, AUS 173d AB; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The International Truck "MaxxPro" by Navistar Defense is a Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle classified as an Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV) and used by a number of armed forces around the globe. The purpose of MRAPs is to protect the crew against not only small arms fire and rocket propelled grenades (RPGs) but the much-feared Improvised Explosive Device (IED). The term "IED" was first developed by the British Army in the 1970s when the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), a gorilla force, used make-shift bombs consisting of agricultural fertilizer and fuel to make booby-trap explosives for use against traditional ground forces of the United Kingdom.
In Somalia, and later in Iraq and Afghanistan, American troops were taking considerable causalities during patrols in their lightly armored HUMVEE vehicles when hit by a detonated IED. Many in-the-field modifications were subsequently made personally by crews when official "up-armoring" programs proved too slow in developing along the traditional DoD route. Crews raided vehicle junk yards for metals and even asked their state-side relatives to send bullet proof vests over mail. The IEDs evolved to become particularly sophisticated even against the later, heavier "up-armored" HUMVEEs that these vehicles no longer provided enough baseline protection for their occupants.