JR Potts, AUS 173d AB and Dan Alex (Updated: 12/2/2014):
A state-side initiative gave rise to the famous "Burma Jeep", otherwise recognized as the "Ford GTB 1.5-ton truck" ("GTB-G622"), which deployed to the theater under the United States Navy and Marine Corps banners during World War 2. The vehicle was built from the outset with durable military-minded qualities that also exhibited the required maneuverability and a rather compact turn radius (32 feet). Originally, the GTB was developed for the US Army which, at the time, did not think highly of such a vehicle - it was Navy authorities who felt the vehicle could be of some use. The design was given a short wheelbase with a low profile that allowed for the moving of 3,000 pounds of cargo along her rear-set bed. The vehicle lacked any sort of conventional crew cabin with just a simple folding wind screen ahead of the two-man crew (driver and passenger). The nose of the vehicle was purposely short with the engine protruding into the cabin between the driver and passenger, the protrusion housed under a curved access panel. The driver's station was simplistic with a large, three-spoke steering wheel, minimal system dials and applicable handles and foot pedals. The passenger's seat faced the drier's position and folded for stowage. The powerplant of choice was a Ford Model G8T 4-cycle, 6-cylinder L-Head inline engine of 90 horsepower operating at 3,400rpm - allowing for a top road speed of 45 miles with a meager 9 miles per gallon rating. The unique grill pattern of the GTB made it instantly recognizable for its design utilized vertical running lines along the right portion with the remaining space reserved for an externally-accessed tool compartment. Rounded headlamps straddled either side of the grill. The front of the vehicle was protect by a large bumper assembly running the width of the truck. 20-inch road wheels were the standard fitting with a space traditionally holed out of the left side of the truck for a single spare. GTB trucks could also tow wheeled cargo trailers.