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  • Otokar Altay Main Battle Tank (MBT)

    Some 1,000 Altay Main Battle Tanks are slated for procurement by the modernizing Turkish Army.

     Updated: 12/8/2016; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    As one of the latest generation of Main Battle Tanks (MBT) currently in development, the new "Altay" tank is set to become one of the world's most advanced combat platforms of its type while at the same time becoming a symbol of national pride as the first MBT design initiative in thFe Turkish history to achieve quantitative production. The Altay is expected to see formal introduction into operational service in 2015-2016 assuming it successfully passes testing and extensive evaluations of its various automotive and technological systems. The Turkish government plans to procure some 250 initial vehicles in early batch purchasing with the lofty eventual goal of 1,000 stated. The triumph of the Altay MBT program will be in producing a largely indigenous Main Battle Tank offering that can compete with the modern systems of the world - Turkey does maintain one of the largest and most powerful militaries in the world today, ahead of even some perennial European powers. Production is set to ensue out of the 1st Army Maintenance Center Command facility with each Altay system costing approximately $5.5 million USD. At project's end, the Altay should compare favorably with other well-known combat tank systems including the latest incarnations of the M1 Abrams, Merkava, Challenger II and Leopard 2.

    The Turkish government commissioned the Turkish National Main Battle Tank Project as early as 2005. After initial agreements were signed in 2007, design work on the Altay began in 2008 (under the project name of "Milli Tank Uretim Projesi ALTAY" or "MITUP ALTAY") and has since involved the Turkish concerns of Otokar, Aselsan and Roketsan as well as technical assistance and support from the South Korean firm of Hyundai ROTEM (developers of the K1 and K2 series Main Battle Tanks for the South Korean Army). As such, the Altay shares some visual similarities with the South Korean tank designs and will be very modern though distinct in its overall form. The one exception in design appears to be the turret which will be mostly indigenous in its origin to better fulfill Turkish Army requirements. Otokar will be the primary defense contractor while Roketsan will handle the armor development. Makine ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKE) will be charged with development of the main gun and applicable systems. Further development will include various subcontractors which have not been named as of this writing. A mock-up of the Altay was first unveiled to observers during the International DEfense Industry Fair (IDEF) presentation in mid-2011 with an initial prototype expected to be made ready by 2015 with a total of four prototypes delivered by Otokar in whole.

    Outwardly, the Altay will showcase a most modern appearance with sharp clean lines throughout. The turret will be of low profile design as will the hull. The hull sides will be protected by skirt armor along the upper track regions. There will be seven double-tired road wheels to a track side (as opposed to the six featured on the South Korean K2) with the drive sprocket at rear and the track idler at the front. The glacis plate will be exceedingly shallow, nearly horizontal in its presentation while the hull roof will be decidedly flat. The engine will reside in a rear-set compartment. The turret will feature some overhang over the engine cover to promote increased internal storage for ammunition and key systems. Compared with the South Korean K2, the Altay will sport a longer hull and more armor, hence the need for a seventh road wheel on the track assembly.

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    Otokar Altay Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 2015
    Type: Main Battle Tank (MBT)
    National Origin: Turkey
    Manufacturer(s): Otokar / Aselsan / Roketsan - Turkey ; ROTEM - South Korea
    Production: 4

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 4
    Length: 33.79 feet (10.30 meters)
    Width: 12.80 feet (3.90 meters)
    Height: 8.53 feet (2.60 meters)

    Operating Weight: 72 tons (65,000 kg; 143,300 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: Yes
    Nightvision Equipment: Yes

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x MTU diesel engine developing 1,500 (early) /1,800 (late) horsepower.

    Maximum Road Speed: 43 mph (70 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 311 miles (500 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 120mm L/55 MKEK main gun
    1 x Aselsan STAMP/II remote controlled turret (7.62mm machine gun?).
    1 x 12.7mm heavy machine gun
    8 x 2 Smoke Grenade Dischargers

    40 x 120mm projectiles (estimated)
    3,200 x 12.7mm ammunition (estimated)
    10,000 x 7.62mm ammunition (estimated)
    16 x Smoke Grenades

    Global Operators / Customers

    Turkey (probable)

    Model Variants

    Altay - Base Series Designation