• Aircraft & Helicopters
  • Vehicles & Artillery
  • Infantry Weapons
  • Warships & Submarines
  • U.S. Military Pay
  • U.S. Military Ranks
  • Special Forces Information
  • World War 2 Weapons
  • flag of Soviet Union

    BM-24 (Katyusha) 6x6 Wheeled Multiple Launch Rocket System (1949)

    BM-24 (Katyusha) 6x6 Wheeled Multiple Launch Rocket System (1949)

    The BM-24 6x6 Mutiple Rocket Launch System vehicle appeared after the close of World War 2.

    BM-24 (Katyusha) (1949)

    Type: 6x6 Wheeled Multiple Launch Rocket System
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Automotive Factory No. 2 ZiS / ZiL - Soviet Union
    Production Total: 6,000
    Crew: 6

    Length: 21.98 feet (6.70 meters)
    Width: 7.55 feet (2.30 meters)
    Height: 9.55 feet (2.91 meters)
    Weight: 10.1 US Short Tons (9,200 kg; 20,283 lb)
    Powerplant: 1 x ZiL-151 6-cylinder water-cooled, gasoline-fueled engine developing 109 horsepower.
    Maximum Speed: 40 mph (65 km/h)
    Maximum Range: 267 miles (430 km)
    12 x 240mm M-24FUD rockets (HE, Smoke, Chemical) by way of launcher rails over rear of carrier vehicle.
    Dependent upon ammunition carrier. Various warhead types.

    NBC Protection = None
    Nightvision = None

    Staff Writer (Updated: 2/23/2015): The Soviet Army found tremendous value in the relatively inexpensive wheeled self-propelled rocket projector, perhaps more so than any other participating military power of World War 2 (1939-1945). Such weapons provided a much-needed shock value against enemy forces and preceded a major offensive alongside huge barrages of artillery fire. The various "Katyusha" systems - BM-8, BM-13 and BM-31 - fulfilled this role during the conflict and their designs revolved around adoption of an existing 6x6 wheeled truck chassis with cab and flatbed mating a limited traverse rocket-launching platform. Following the close of the war in 1945, thought was given to a new generation of similar vehicles and one such development became the "BM-24" series. Today, weapons belonging to this class are categorized under the "MLRS" designation - "Multiple Launch Rocket System" - their primary purpose remaining shock value and saturation of target areas at range.

    The BM-24 followed the same design form and function as the BM offerings before it. The launcher component was a rather simplistic steel cage consisting of 12 x 240mm rockets, each capable of holding warheads (including chemical) to suite the mission need. The original vehicle of choice was the multi-purpose ZiS-151 6x6 series featuring a single forward axle and two rear axles. The cab held enough room for up to three persons including the driver (a typical crew numbered six). Power was supplied through a 5.6L ZiS-121 6-cylinder engine mated to a 5-speed manual transmission. Production of the truck model began in 1947 and spanned into 1958 out of Automotive Factory No. 2 in Moscow - Zavod Imeni Stalina (hence the "ZiS" designation). In 1956, this factory was handed a new name - "Zavod Imeni Likhacheva" - and, thusly, the designation of the truck appropriately changed to "ZiL-151". ZiL-151 marks were eventually superseded by the ZiL-157 series if 1958.

    The BM-24 was used in considerable numbers (in the thousands) by the Soviet Army. The vehicle was adopted by Soviet customers worldwide including Egypt (seeing use in the Six Day War), China, North Korea and Iran as well as others. The BM-24 launch platform was also mated to the AT-S artillery tractor to produce the related "BM-24T" model mark. These featured a track-and-wheel arrangement with a larger, fully-enclosed cab armored. The launcher system was fitted to a traversing mount at the rear of the vehicle. ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

      Global Operators  

    Afghanistan; Algeria; China; Cuba; Czechoslovakia; East Germany; Egypt; Hungary; Iran; Iraq; Israel (captured); Jordan; Kuwait; Libya; North Korea; Poland; Saudi Arabia; Soviet Union; Sudan; Syria; Tunisia; Vietnam; Yemen

      Model Variants  

    BM-24 - Base Series Designation; launcher fitted to rear of ZiL-151 6x6 utility truck.

    BM-24T - Tracked version mating launcher to AT-S artillery mover.

      Images Gallery  

    Picture of BM-24 (Katyusha)