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  • Ratel (Honey Badger) Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)

    The Ratel series of wheeled vehicles has proven a local success since its inception.

     Updated: 2/21/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Ratel ("Honey Badger") Infantry Fighting Vehicle was a long-running family of 6x6 armored vehicles developed and produced in South Africa. The series was designed around the same wheeled chassis developed to undertake a variety of battlefield roles as required. Design work on the type by Sandock-Austral began in 1968, producing the first prototype in 1974. Quantitative production then began in 1979. For over thirty years, the vehicle has seen extensive service with the armed forces of South Africa, Jordan, Djibouti, Ghana and Morocco. Its long legacy has ensured it a place in South African Army lore though the Ratel is set to be replaced by the more modern Finnish Patria family of modular 8x8 wheeled vehicles. South African armed forces are expected to procure some 264 examples of the newer "Badger" and field it in various battlefield guises, in effect taking the mantel from the Ratel. For its time, the Ratel was one of the best - if not the best - armored wheeled vehicles anywhere in the world. It has since been surpassed by more modern breeds incorporating the latest in battlefield technologies, weaponry and survivability.

    South Africa had long held a military and security tradition of procuring various armored wheeled vehicles throughout its history - mostly European in origin. However, when the international community placed an arms embargo upon the country, the South Africa authorities had to look to indigenous solutions in an effort to fulfill growing military requirements. To that end, the South Africans have since become something of experts in the field of wheeled armored vehicles - primarily where land mines are a concern - due to the types of "Bush" conflicts regularly encountered in the region, a place where unconventional warfare has proven the norm.

    Vehicles such as the Ratel present various advantages and disadvantages to military warplanners. They are lightly armored, making them agile and fast while also making them more susceptible to land mines, anti-tank weapons (missiles, rifles and cannon). Their wheeled nature allows them access to many terrain types under their own power without the need for dedicated heavy land transports. This also served to promote a rather tall target profile however. Perhaps the single best selling point of such vehicles is their modular nature - a single chassis and hull that allows warplanners the ability to adapt their vehicles to suit operational needs. As such, when armed, the Ratel can offer varying levels of fire support to advancing infantry. Some versions can carry combat-ready personnel to the fight while others can serve as communications between headquarters and other participating vehicles and allied elements. Still others can provide life-saving, on-call smokescreens or suppressive fire.

    In its general form the Ratel was of a clean, yet very utilitarian design. The driver was seated at the front center of the hull behind a framed bulletproof screen that also had fold-up armor plates. The crew cabin was situated just aft of the driver's position and - if armed - would contain the turret. The engine was conventionally fitted to a compartment at the left-rear of the vehicle (a passage allowed for maneuvering from the rear to the fighting compartment). The hull of the Ratel was purposely designed with well-sloped surfaces at any angle save for the rear and even included underside hull qualities for the purpose of land mine detonation deflection. The roof was flat while the glacis plate was designed as nearly horizontal. The sides of the hull were slightly sloped to promote basic ballistics protection. The hull sat atop a suspended wheeled chassis that sported six large rubber "run-flat" road wheels, three to a vehicle side with the rear-most two arranged as a close pair. There was a large, hinged rectangular access door to either side of the vehicle hull (aft of the driver's compartment) as well as a rectangular door at the rear hull facing (offset to right as the engine was left) while roof hatches allowed for additional access. If equipped with a turret (manual in its function), there were more hatches available to the crew, principally the turret crew. Side vision ports allowed internal personnel views of the action outside, as well as firing ports designed to engage enemies from the safety of the vehicle interior. A standard operating crew was three personnel made up of the driver, vehicle commander and gunner. Passenger seating (depending on production model) could range from six to nine personnel. Power for the Ratel was supplied by a single Bussing D3256 BTFX 6-cylinder inline turbocharged diesel engine developing 282 horsepower and provided the vehicle with a road speed of 65 miles per hour on ideal surfaces and up to 18 miles per hour on uneven terrain. Operational range was out to 620 miles and the vehicle's operational weight was nearly 42,000lbs. All told, the Ratel was a rugged family of armored vehicles with a strong pedigree based on extensive operating experience in the unforgiving territories of South Africa.

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    Ratel (Honey Badger) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1979
    Type: Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)
    National Origin: South Africa
    Manufacturer(s): Land Systems OMC - South Africa
    Production: 1,350

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 3
    Length: 23.66 feet (7.21 meters)
    Width: 8.29 feet (2.53 meters)
    Height: 9.56 feet (2.92 meters)

    Operating Weight: 21 tons (19,000 kg; 41,888 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: Yes
    Nightvision Equipment: Yes

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Bussing D3256 BTXF 6-cylinder in-line turbocharged diesel engine developing 282 horsepower at 2,200rpm.

    Maximum Road Speed: 65 mph (105 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 621 miles (1,000 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 20mm semi-automatic cannon
    1 x 7.62mm coaxial machine gun
    1 x 7.62mm anti-aircraft machine gun
    4 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers

    1 x 81mm mortar
    1 x 12.7mm heavy machine gun
    1 x 90mm cannon
    1 x Anti-Tank Guided Missile Launcher (3 x ready to fire in launcher).

    4 x Smoke Grenades

    Global Operators / Customers

    Djibouti; Ghana; Jordan; Morocco; South Africa

    Model Variants

    Ratel-20 Mk I - Primary Infantry Fighting Vehicle; French turret with 20mm cannon.

    Ratel-20 Mk II - Improved IFV Version

    Ratel-20 Mk III - Improved IFV Version

    Ratel-60 - Reconnaissance and Support Version; 3 crew, 7 passengers; Eland 60 turret armed with mortar and machine gun.

    Ratel-81 - Fire Support Platform; sans Turret; 81mm mortar fitted.

    Ratel-90 - Fire Support Platform; 3 crew, 6 passengers; Eland 90 turret with 90mm main gun.

    Ratel-ZT3 - Anti-Tank Guided Missile Platform.

    Ratel Command Vehicle - Two-man turret; 1 x 12.7mm armament; 9 crew.

    Ratel EAOS (Enhanced Artillery Observation System) - Artillery Spotter Platform.

    Ratel Maintenance Vehicle - Mobile Maintenance Platform.

    Ratel Logistic Vehicle - Proposed logistical vehicle; 8x8 wheel configurations; only 2 prototypes completed.

    Iklawa - Related Ratel development produced by BAe Systems Land Systems SA; upgraded drive train and hull; engine relocated from rear of hull to front.