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  • BTR-80 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

    The BTR-80 was designed as a replacement for the aging BTR-60 and BTR-70 wheeled vehicle series.

     Updated: 6/22/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The BTR-80 was the logical evolution of the wheeled armored personnel carrier (APC) BTR series that more or less hit its stride in the 1960s with the development of the BTR-60. The BTR-80 itself was developed to replace both the BTR-60 and the similar BTR-70 models and entered production in 1986, seeing operational service soon after. The BTR-80 was based on the lessons learned from the design and operation of the BTR-70 and incorporated several key strengths of its design while bringing into the fold various technological suites as required by today's battlefield environments.

    Taking the BTR-70 as a starting point, Soviet engineers did away with the twin gasoline engine setup of the former BTR-60 and BTR-70 designs and instead fitted a single V-form 8-cylinder KamAZ-7403 series diesel engine to deliver 260 horsepower at 2,600rpm. The characteristic eight road wheel arrangement was retained. The implementation of the new powerplant required some restructuring of the rear engine compartment which raised the rear hull line. Modernized sighting devices (nightvision to both the driver and the commander) were installed as was an infra-red search light. Armament was fitted to a revised, low-profile one-man turret and given 360-degree traverse and 60+ degrees elevation to counter low flying aircraft and engage targets even if the vehicle was hampered along sloped terrain. Primary armament came in the form of a 14.5mm KPVT anti-aircraft heavy machine gun supported by a 7.62mm PKT general purpose machine gun.

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    BTR-80 Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1987
    Type: Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): State Factories - Soviet Union
    Production: 5,200

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 3
    Length: 25.10 feet (7.65 meters)
    Width: 9.51 feet (2.90 meters)
    Height: 7.71 feet (2.35 meters)

    Operating Weight: 15 tons (13,600 kg; 29,983 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: Yes
    Nightvision Equipment: Yes

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x KamAZ-7403 4-stroke 8-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine developing 260 horsepower.

    Maximum Road Speed: 50 mph (80 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 373 miles (600 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 14.5mm KPVT anti-aircraft heavy machine gun
    1 x 7.62mm PKT general purpose coaxial machine gun.
    6 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers

    500 x 14.5mm ammunition
    2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition
    6 x smoke grenades

    Global Operators / Customers

    Afghanistan; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Colombia; Djibouti; Estonia; Finland; Georgia; Hungary; India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Ivory Coast; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Macedonia; Moldova; North Korea; Romania; Russia; South Ossetia; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Tajikistan; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan; South Korea; Venezuela

    Model Variants

    BTR-80 (GAZ-5903) - Base Series Designation for wheeled armored personnel carrier.

    BTR-80M - Improved BTR-80 APC; new tire style; fitted with DMZ-238M2 series engine delivering 240 horsepower; lengthened hull; appearing in 1993.

    BTR-82 - Improved armor protection; night vision capable; 300 horsepower engine; GPS navigation; BTR-80A-style turret; prototype appearing in 2009.

    BTR-80K (GAZ-59031) - Command Vehicle; increased communications equipment; identifiable antenna mast.

    BTR-80A (GAZ-59034) - Infantry Fighting Vehicle; fitted with 30mm 2A72 cannon in turret; day and night sights.

    BTR-80S - Based on the BTR-80A but with 14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun armament.

    BTR-80AK - Command Vehicle of the BTR-80A model; single firing port on hull right side; two "whip antenna" at rear hull corners.

    BRDM-3 - Reconnaissance Vehicle; based on the BTR-80AK; day/night sighting.

    BTR-82A - Improved armor protection; night vision capable; GPS navigation; engine of 300 horsepower output; prototype appearing in 2009.

    2S23 "Nona-SVK" - Fire Support Vehicle; fitted with 120mm 2A60 mortar system.

    BREM-K (GAZ-59033) - Armored Recovery Vehicle

    BTR-80 PBKM (KM-80) - Command Vehicle with increased radio communications equipment.

    RKhM-4 - Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) Vehicle

    RKhM-4-01 - Improved RKhM-4; modernized

    RKhM-4-02 - Upgraded RKhM-4

    RPM-2 (NKR) - Radiological Reconnaissance Platform; appearing in 2000.

    R-149BMRA - Command and Signals Vehicle

    R-439-BK1 - Satellite Communications Platform

    "Tajfun" - Proposed Variant for base security forces; 7.62mm armament; Kredo-1 radar system.

    ZS-88 - Psychological Operations Vehicle; fitting loudspeaker system.

    ZS-96 - Psychological Operations Vehicle; fitting loudspeaker system.

    K1Sh1 (GAZ-59032) (UNSh) - Command Post Variant; enlarged hull; sans armament in turret.

    BMM-80 "Simfoniya" (GAZ-59039) - Battlefield Ambulance Series; up to nine wounded or two medical litters.

    BMM-1 - Battlefield Ambulance; first aid / MEDEVAC

    BMM-2 - Battlefield Ambulance; battalion-level in-the-field treatment

    BMM-3 - Battlefield Ambulance; mobile field hospital

    E-351BrM - Mobile Power Station; fitted with diesel-electric generator for portable power.

    PU-12M6 (9S482M6) - Battery Command Vehicle

    PU-12M7 (9S482M7) - Improved PU-12M6 Model

    1V152 - Command and Forward Observation Platform; fitted with navigation, rangefinding and vision devices.

    R-149BMR - Signals Platform

    R-165B - Short-Wave Signals Platform

    R-439-MD2 - Satellite Communications Vehicle

    R-439-BK "Legenda 2BK" - Satellite Communications Vehicle

    P-240BTZ - Switchboard Platform

    BTR-80 "Caribe" - Columbian Designation; 12.7mm heavy machine gun armament

    BTR-80M - Hungarian Designation; upgraded BTR-80 APCs; fitted with day/night sights; additional stowage on hull; improved NBC suite; Hungarian radio suite.

    BTR-80 GKKO - Hungarian Designation; proposed prototype; sans turret; fitted with observation equipment.

    BTR-80 MPAEJ - Hungarian Designation; Battlefield Engineering Vehicle; sans turret.

    BTR-80 MPFJ - Hungarian Designation; sans armament; obstacle clearance vehicle.

    BTR-80 MVJ - Hungarian Designation; repair and recovery vehicle

    BTR-80 SKJ - Hungarian Designation; Battlefield Ambulance; enlarged passenger compartment.

    BTR-80 VSF - Hungarian Designation; NBC vehicle

    TAB Zimbru (B33) - Romanian Designation; fitted with Model 1240 V8-DTS series engine of 268 horsepower; Romanian radio suite; additional 12.7mm ammunition storage.

    Zimbru 2000 - Romanian Designation; proposed prototype; improved TAB Zimbru model; enlarged hull; fitted with Deutz BF6M 1013FC engine of 285 horsepower; Allison-MD 3060 PR transmission system.

    Saur 1 - Romanian Designation; proposed prototype; all-new hull design; fitting Cummins 275 horsepower engine; rear entry/exit doors on hull; original turret replaced; appearing in 2006.

    Saur 2 - Romanian Designation; proposed improved form of the Saur 1.

    BTR-80UP - Ukrainian Designation; improved BTR-80 model; fitted with all-new engine of 300 horsepower output; improved armor protection; air conditioner installed.

    BTR-80UP-KB - Ukrainian Designation; Command Vehicle (Battalion Level)

    BTR-80UP-KR - Ukrainian Designation; Command Vehicle (Company Level)

    BTR-80UP-S - Ukrainian Designation ; Staff Vehicle

    BTR-80UP-M - Ukrainian Designation; Battlefield Ambulance

    BTR-80UP BREM - Ukrainian Designation; Armored Recovery Vehicle

    BTR-80UP-R - Ukrainian Designation; Dedicated Reconnaissance Platform

    BTR-80UP-T - Ukrainian Designation; Dedicated Cargo Transport Model

    BTR-94 - Ukrainian Designation; Amphibious Armored Car

    BTR-3U "Okhotnik" - Ukrainian Designation; armored personnel carrier based on BTR-80; indigenous Ukrainian design; appearing in 2001.

    KShM "Kushetka-B" - Ukrainian Designation; Command Vehicle based on K1Sh1.