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  • T-26 Infantry Light Tank

    The T-26 began as a direct copy of the British Vickers 6-ton Type E light tank.

     Updated: 6/13/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    As was the norm after World War 1 in all industrialized nations around the globe, Soviet warplanners set about to upgrade their armed forces to meet the demands of the everchanging battlefield. In particular demand was the improvement of the armored corps which were progressively outclassed by their contemporaries. Attempts were made to develop and indigenous design but most came to naught. As such, the British-based Vickers 6-ton Type E series were available in limited numbers stemming from a 1930 purchase from England and were selected for further development.

    The British Type E became the T-26 in the Soviet inventory and brought about as a light infantry tank. The initial production version featured twin turrets in a distinct World War 1 style layout, each turret mounting a single 7.62mm anti-infantry machine gun. This version was known as the T-26A1 and were basically carbon copies of the British production models. From there, the previously Vickers design evolved into several variants starting with the base T-26A, all centering on increased crew protection and the mounting of evermore potent weapons. Power was derived from a single GAZ-type T-26 8-cylinder gasoline engine that delivered some 91 horsepower. The system would be crewed by 3 personnel. The T-26A2 followed shortly there after and became the first all-Russian production models armed with Soviet machine guns.

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    T-26 Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1931
    Type: Infantry Light Tank
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Factory No. 174 / Stalingrad Tractor Factory - Soviet Union
    Production: 12,000

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 3
    Length: 16.01 feet (4.88 meters)
    Width: 11.19 feet (3.41 meters)
    Height: 7.91 feet (2.41 meters)

    Operating Weight: 10 tons (9,400 kg; 20,723 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: None
    Nightvision Equipment: None

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x GAZ T-26 8-cylinder gasoline engine developing 91 horsepower.

    Maximum Road Speed: 17 mph (28 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 109 miles (175 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 37mm OR 45mm main gun
    1 x 7.62mm machine gun

    Other Variants:
    1 OR 2 x 7.62mm machine gun(s)
    1 x Flame Projector in place of main gun(flamethrowing variant)
    1 x 12.7mm machine gun

    165 x 45mm projectiles
    3,654 x 7.62mm ammunition

    Global Operators / Customers

    Afghanistan; Finland; Hungary; Kingdom of Italy; Nazi Germany; Romania; Soviet Union; Spain; Taiwan; Turkey

    Model Variants

    T-26 - Base Series Designation; based on the British Vickers 6-ton Type E light tank design.

    T-26A (T-26 Model 1931) - Initial Production Model Designation.


    T-26A-2 - Fitted with two turrets mounting 1 x 7.62mm machine guns each.

    T-26A-3 - Fitted with 1 x 12.7mm machine gun and 1 x 7.62mm machine gun.

    T-26A-4 - Fitted with 1 x 27mm cannon and 1 x 7.62mm machine gun.

    T-26A-4(U) - Command Vehicle; also T-26A-4V.

    T-26A-5 - Fitted with 1 x 37mm main gun and 1 x 7.62mm machine gun.

    T-26B (T-26 Model 1933) - Single turret design series.

    T-26B-1 - Mounting 1 x 37mm main gun

    T-26B-2 - Improved T-26B; all-welded construction; improved turret with gun counterweight added at rear.

    T-26B-2(U) - Command Vehicle

    T-26S Model 1937 - Fitted with 45mm main gun; may also be known as the T-26C or T-26E.

    OT-26 - Flamethrowing Tank based on the T-26A model series.

    OT-30 - Flamethrowing Tank based on the T-26B model series.

    OT-133 - Flamethrowing Tank; based on the T-26S model series.

    ST-26 - Bridging Tank; also IT-26.

    AT-1 - Converted T-26 into 76.2mm self-propelled gun role.