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  • CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H) Main Battle Tank (MBT)

    The Taiwanese CM-11 Main Battle Tank represents a heavily-modified and upgraded form of the American M48 and M60 series combat tanks - utilizing components from both lines.

     Updated: 4/27/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The CM-11 is a Taiwanese military Main Battle Tank (MBT) consisting of the hull of the American-made M60 "Patton" MBT with a modified turret of the older American M48 "Patton" Medium Tank series (in particular the M48H production model). The M48 dates back to a 1951 requirement appearing during the Korean War (1950-1953) and saw production begin in 1952 before being formally designated in 1953. Production ran up to 1959 with some 11,700 examples delivered. The M60 followed some time later to become the United States Army's first Main Battle Tank design and saw introduction in 1961 - some still serving today - with over 15,000 of several variants produced.

    The Taiwanese Army began use of M48 tanks through the M48A3 (ROC Variant) mark and these were M48A1 / M48A2 series tanks with much of their original equipment in place - and performance to include a rather restrictive operational range of 195 miles.

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    CM-11 Brave Tiger (M48H) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1990
    Type: Main Battle Tank (MBT)
    National Origin: Taiwan
    Manufacturer(s): State Factories - Taiwan
    Production: 550

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 4
    Length: 30.54 feet (9.31 meters)
    Width: 11.91 feet (3.63 meters)
    Height: 10.14 feet (3.09 meters)

    Operating Weight: 55 tons (50,000 kg; 110,231 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: None
    Nightvision Equipment: Yes

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x General Dynamics AVDS-1790-2C diesel-fueled engine developing 750 horsepower.

    Maximum Road Speed: 30 mph (48 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 194 miles (312 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 105mm main gun
    1 x 7.62mm coaxial machine gun
    1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun on turret roof (optional)
    1 x 7.62mm machine gun on turret roof (optional)
    12 x Smoke Grenade Dischargers

    54 x 105mm Projectiles
    10,000 x 7.62mm ammunition
    12 x Smoke Grenades

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    Model Variants

    M48A3 (ROC Variant) - Upgraded M48A1 and M48A2 models in Taiwanese Army service.

    CM-11 "Brave Tiger" (M48H) - Taiwanese Army Designation; combining M48A2 turret with 105mm main gun and M60A3 series hull; upgraded FCS and on-the-move tracking/engagement capabilities; upgraded with ERA block protection around late-2014.

    CM-12 - M48A3 upgraded with modern CM-11 systems.