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Alvis FV107 Scimitar Armed Reconnaissance Vehicle (1971)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 6/11/2014

The FV107 Scimitar fulfills the role of armed reconnaissance vehicle for the British Army.

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The Alvis FV107 Scimitar is a light armored reconnaissance platform primarily in service with the British Army. The vehicle is part of the successful line of CVR(T) (Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked)) family produced by Alvis for the British military and was designed specifically to replace the aging series of Saladin armored scout cars then in service. The Alvis family of light vehicles consists of fast, agile and relatively small developments that fulfill a variety of dedicated battlefield roles including reconnaissance, armored personnel carrier, command vehicles, battlefield ambulance, anti-tank missile carriers and recovery. All of the designs were branched from a base design so as to allow for increased commonality in parts between the various roles. Out of the 3,500 or so family vehicles ultimately produced, over 600 were of the Scimitar variety. The first Alvis CVR(T) pilot vehicle was completed in 1969, subsequently trialed and formally accepted into British Army service. Initial production models were delivered in 1971. The Scimitar is called upon to conduct sorties in the realm of light observation and reconnaissance but can also engage "light" quality targets as needed and is characterized in some sources as a "light tank".

Outwardly, the Scimitar promotes a profile not unlike its sister, the FV101 Scorpion. However, the Scimitar is armed with a long-barrel 30mm cannon as opposed to the latter's 76mm short-barrel main gun. The 30mm cannon is capable of defeating light armor and is suitable for engaging soft-skinned vehicles or structures. She is crewed by three personnel made up of the driver, commander and gunner. The driver resides in the hull while the commander and gunner take their places in the two-man turret (commander at left and gunner at right). The Scimitar is protected over by aluminum based armor. Her listed weight is just over 8 tons. She fields a running length of 4.9 meters with a width of 2.2 meters and a height of 2.1 meters. The hull bow is rounded and the glacis plate lies nearly flat. The driver maintains a hatch along the upper left side of the hull with the engine fitted to his right. The engine's placement is marked by a vented grill on the right side of the hull roof and an exhaust pipe can clearly be seen along the right side of the tank body. The top of the hull is flat and the rear panel is vertical to the ground. The turret is mounted well aft of the vehicle's center and sports the available weaponry. The turret sides are sloped to help with small arms and grenade ballistics protection. External storage box options are abundant accessories on the Scimitar. Passive night vision support is standard as is NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) protection. The Scimitar can be fully "buttoned" down in the latter mode and includes such basic comforts as a forces air system, a water heating element and a toilet found under the commander's seat. Thermal sighting and a laser rangefinder are optional.

Primary armament of the Scimitar is a 30mm L21 RARDEN cannon fitted to a 360-degree traversing turret offering some elevation (+35 to -10 degrees). The main gun is rated at 90 rounds per minute and 165 x 30mm projectiles are carried aboard. The gun extends a distance away from the turret and tapers off, ultimately capped by a flash cone. Ammunition types include High Explosive Incendiary (HEI), High Explosive (HE), Armor Piercing (AP), Armor Piercing Secondary Effects (APSE) and Armor Piercing Discarding Sabot-Tracer (APDS-T). A 7.62mm L37A1 machine gun is fitted in a coaxial mount alongside the main gun and can engage targets that are beyond the scope of the 30mm armament. Of course, this weapon relies on the turret facing the target or target area to be fully effective but serves well as an anti-infantry/anti-aircraft weapon system. Some 2,000 rounds of 7.62mm ammunition are carried aboard while more can be carried with additional storage boxes. Defense is handled by eight smoke grenade dischargers (in groupings of four) fitted to each turret side.


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Specifications for the
Alvis FV107 Scimitar
Armed Reconnaissance Vehicle


Country of Origin: United Kingdom
Manufacturer: Alvis - UK
Initial Year of Service: 1971
Production: 641


Focus Model: Alvis FV107 Scimitar
Crew: 3


Overall Length: 15.72 ft (4.79 m)
Width: 7.35 ft (2.24 m)
Height: 6.89 ft (2.10 m)
Weight: 8.9 US Short Tons (8,073 kg; 17,798 lb)


Powerplant: ORIGINAL: 1 x Jaguar J60 6-cylinder gasoline engine delivering 190 horsepower; LATER: 1 x Cummins BTA 6-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine delivering 190hp.


Maximum Speed: 50 mph (80.5 km/h)
Maximum Range: 400 miles (644 km)


NBC Protection: Optional
Nightvision: Optional


Armament:
1 x 30mm L21 RARDEN cannon
1 x 7.62mm L37A1 coaxial machine gun
8 x smoke grenade dischargers


Ammunition:
165 x 30mm ammunition
2,000 x 7.62mm ammunition
8 x smoke grenades


Variants:
FV101 Scorpion - Base Reconnaissance Model with 90mm main gun.


FV101 Scorpion 90 - Updated FV101 base Scorpion model.

FV102 Striker - Anti-Tank Vehicle featuring 5 x Swingfire anti-tank missiles.

FV103 Spartan - Armored Personnel Carrier

FV104 Samaritan - Battlefield Ambulance

FV105 Sultan - Battlefield Command Vehicle

FV106 Samson - Battlefield Recovery Vehicle

FV107 Scimitar - Reconnaissance Vehicle featuring a 30mm gun.

Streaker - High Mobility Carrier

Sabre - Reconnaissance Vehicle featuring a 30mm powered turret.

FV4333 Stormer - Armored Personnel Carrier based on Scorpion chassis.


Operators:
Belgium; Honduras; Jordan; Nigeria; United Kingdom